Malaysian order of precedence
The Malaysian order of precedence is a hierarchy of important positions within the Government of Malaysia. It has no legal standing but is used by ceremonial protocol. The order of precedence is determined by the Federal Order of Precedence issued by the Prime Minister's Department. The latest one was issued on 13 November 2014. Unless otherwise noted, precedence among persons of equal rank is determined by seniority. As a general rule, spouses share the same rank with another and a person with two positions will take the highest one.
The following lists precedence of offices and their holders since 16 August 2020[update].
|Heads and deputy heads of states|
|Members of the Federal and State Administrations|
|Members of the Federal and State Legislatures|
|Members of the Judiciary|
|Civil service, military and police members|
|Rank||Position||Incumbent (as of 16 August 2020[update])|
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong||Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin al-Mustafa Billah Shah (31 January 2019)|
|Raja Permaisuri Agong||Tunku Hajah Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah (31 January 2019)|
|Rulers and Regents of royal States||
|Governors of non-royal States|
|Former Raja Permaisuri Agong receiving Royal pension from the Federal Government[N 1]||Permaisuri Siti Aishah of Selangor|
|Prime Minister||Muhyiddin Yassin MP MLA|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Vacant|
|Heirs to the Thrones of royal States||
|Members of the Most Exalted Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Grand Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (SMN)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Former Prime Ministers||By departure from office:|
|Former Deputy Prime Ministers||By departure from office:|
|Grand Commanders of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (SSM)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Ruling Chiefs of Negeri Sembilan||According to the State Constitution:|
|Chief Justice of the Federal Court||Justice Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat|
|President of the Senate||Senator Dr. Rais Yatim|
|Speaker of the House of Representatives||Azhar Azizan Harun|
|Ministers[N 3]||Refer here|
|Chief Secretary to the Government||Mohd. Zuki Ali|
|Heads of State Governments[N 4]||Refer here|
|President of the Court of Appeal||Justice Rohana Yusof|
|Chief Judge of Malaya||Justice Azahar Mohamed|
|Chief Judge of Sabah and Sarawak||Justice Abang Iskandar Abang Hashim|
|Chief of Defence Forces||Air Force General Affendi Buang|
|Inspector-General of Police||Abdul Hamid Bador|
|Director-General of Public Service||Mohd. Khairul Adib Abdul Rahman|
|Auditor General||Nik Azman Nik Abdul Majid|
|Chief Justice of the Syariah Court||Justice Dr. Mohd. Na'im Mokhtar|
|Deputy President of the Senate||Senator Abdul Halim Abdul Samad|
|Deputy Speakers of the House of Representatives|
|Leader of the Opposition||Anwar Ibrahim MP|
|Deputy Ministers[N 3]||Refer here|
|Heads of Diplomatic Missions[N 5]||Refer here|
|Justices of the Federal Court||Refer here|
|Judges of the Court of Appeal||Refer here|
|Parliamentary Secretaries[N 3]||None|
|Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (PMN)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Premier Grade 1 and 2 officers[N 6]||Refer here|
|Chairman of Government Official Ceremonies[N 7]||Mohd. Sallehuddin Hassan|
|Secretaries-General of Federal Ministries and Directors-General of Federal Agencies[N 6][N 8]||Refer here|
|Premier Grade 3 officers[N 6]||Refer here|
|Chairpersons of Commissions established under the Federal Constitution[N 9]|
|Judges of the High Courts and Judicial Commissioners||Refer here for Judges of the High Courts or here for Judicial Commissioners|
|Commanders of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (PSM)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Governor of the Central Bank||Nor Shamsiah Mohd. Yunus|
|Keeper of the Rulers' Seal||Syed Danial Syed Ahmad|
|Grand Chamberlain||Azuan Effendy Zarakithnaini|
|Royal Professor||Ungku Abdul Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid[N 10]|
|Deputy Heads of State Governments||By seniority of Heads of State Governments:|
|Speakers of the State Legislative Assemblies||By seniority of Heads of State Governments:
|Senators[N 11]||Refer to the Parliament|
|Members of the House of Representatives[N 11]||Refer to the Parliament|
|Judges of the Syariah Court of Appeal||At federal level:
At state level, refer to the respective State Syariah Judiciary Department
|Chief of Army||General Zamrose Mohd. Zain|
|Chief of Navy||Admiral Mohd. Reza Mohd. Sany|
|Chief of Air Force||General Ackbal Abdul Samad|
|Deputy Inspector-General of Police||Acryl Sani Abdullah Sani|
|Commanders of the Order of Meritorious Service (PJN)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Commanders of the Order of Loyalty to the Royal Family of Malaysia (PSD)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Super Grade A officers[N 6]||Refer here|
|Vice Chancellors of Public Universities||Refer here|
|Ministers of State (of Sabah and Sarawak) and Members of the State Executive Councils (of other states)||Refer to the respective State Government|
|Super Grade B officers[N 6]||Refer here|
|Recipient of National Fellowship Award[N 12]||None|
|United Nations Resident Representative||Stefan Priesner|
|Super Grade C officers[N 6]||Refer here|
|Members of State Legislative Assemblies[N 13]||Refer to the respective State Government|
|Companions of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (JMN)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Companions of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (JSM)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Companions of the Order of Loyalty to the Royal Family of Malaysia (JSD)[N 2]||Refer here|
|Grade 54 officers[N 6]|
|Political Secretaries[N 14]||Refer here|
|Grade 52 officers[N 6]|
|Consul-general of countries without diplomatic representation in Malaysia[N 5]||Refer here|
- Only the former Raja Permaisuri Agong whose husband died during his term of office as Yang di-Pertuan Agong deserves this position and receives Royal Pension from the Federal Government. Those whose husbands died after being the Yang di-Pertuan Agong do not deserve this position and will therefore receive Royal Pension from their respective State Government.
- Precedence is determined by date of investiture. Substantive members take precedence over honorary members.
- Precedence is determined by the Prime Minister's Department.
- In the presence of heads of states, their precedence is determined by heads of states' seniority. Otherwise, their precedence is determined by assumption of office.
- Precedence is determined by diplomatic rank and assumption of office. Substantive heads of missions take precedence over acting heads of missions.
- Equivalent military and police officers as well as equivalent chairpersons, chief executives and general managers of federal statutory bodies are included. Precedence is determined by date of appointment. Substantive officers takes precedence over acting officers. Permanent officers takes precedence over contractual and temporary officers.
- By tradition, Chairman of Government Official Ceremonies is the Senior Deputy Secretary-General of the Prime Minister's Department.
- Directors-General of Federal Agencies refer to those of Economic Planning Unit (of Ministry of Economic Affairs), Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (of Ministry of Communication and Multimedia) and Implementation Coordination Unit (of Prime Minister's Department).
- Commissions established under the Federal Constitution are Election Commission, Judicial and Legal Service Commission, Public Services Commission, Police Force Commission and Education Service Commission. Chairman of Judicial and Legal Service Commission is that of Public Services Commission. Chairman of Police Force Commission is Minister of Home Affairs.
- He is also National Academic of the Year, 2006.
- Precedence is determined by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
- National Fellowship Awards ceased to exist.
- In Sabah and Sarawak, Assistant Ministers of State take precedence over all other members of the State Legislative Assembly whose precedence is determined by the respective State Government. In other states, precedence is determined by the State Government.
- Precedence is determined by Ministers' seniority.