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Mékinac Regional County Municipality

Types of municipalities in Quebec Saint-Tite, Quebec Regional county municipality
Mékinac
Quebec MRC Mékinac location map.svg
Coordinates: 46°49′N 72°31′W / 46.817°N 72.517°W / 46.817; -72.517Coordinates: 46°49′N 72°31′W / 46.817°N 72.517°W / 46.817; -72.517[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMauricie
EffectiveJanuary 1, 1982
County seatSaint-Tite
Municipalities
Government
 • TypePrefecture
 • PrefectAlain Vallée
Area
 • Total5,554.90 km2 (2,144.76 sq mi)
 • Land5,222.10 km2 (2,016.26 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total12,358
 • Density2.4/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Change
2011-2016
Decrease 4.4%
 • Dwellings
8,324
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Websitewww.regionmekinac.com

Mékinac is a regional county municipality (MRC) in the administrative region of Mauricie, in the province of Quebec, Canada. Its seat is Saint-Tite. It is composed of 10 municipalities and 4 unorganized territories.

Toponomy

According to the Commission de Toponymie du Québec, the name Mekinac, pronounced /mekinak/ in French, has an Algonquin origin, that means "turtle". Native Americans often designated places based on the name of the animal kingdom. Once known, the toponym allowed to refer to the same place in conversations. Mikinak designation was assigned to a nearby mountain. A second thesis refers to the abundance of turtles in the area.[4] However, the name is also similar to the historical Algonquin word mekanâc, pronounced /me:kana:ʃ/, meaning "small path". The toponym Mekinac was assigned to the Mékinac River, Mékinac Lake, at Mékinac (township), in the ex-municipality of Saint-Joseph-de-Mékinac, Quebec, and town of Saint-Roch-de-Mékinac.

History

Mékinac MRC was created on January 1, 1982.

Subdivisions

There are 14 subdivisions within the RCM:[2]

Municipalities of MRC Mékinac

Municipality Status Surface
km2
Population (2011)[5] Density
hab./km2
Grandes-Piles Village municipality 120.53 361 3.0
Hérouxville Parish municipality 53.04 1,340 25.3
Lac-aux-Sables Parish municipality 270.38 1,373 5.1
Lac-Boulé Unorganized area 22.96 0 0.0
Lac-Masketsi Unorganized area 213.29 0 0.0
Lac-Normand Unorganized area 2,038.09 5 0.0
Notre-Dame-de-Montauban Municipality 165.37 747 4.5
Rivière-de-la-Savane Unorganized area 1,088.02 0 0.0
Saint-Adelphe Parish municipality 137.45 952 6.9
Saint-Roch-de-Mékinac Parish municipalityh 144.59 438 3.0
Saint-Séverin Parish municipality 62.28 860 13.8
Saint-Tite City 92.53 3,880 41.9
Sainte-Thècle Municipality 213.46 2,478 11.6
Trois-Rives Municipality 603.94 490 0.8
Total 5,226.08 12,919 2.47

Between 2006 and 2011, the population grew by 2.0%. The MRC has 8,237 private dwellings whose 6,096 private dwellings are occupied by usual residents. The median age of the population is 52.6 years old. Statistics Canada reports that in 2011, 88.5% of the population was aged 15 and over, meanings 11,430 individuals (including 5700 men and 5730 women), divided into 3,940 private households. This census indicates that 2,070 people lived alone. Of this population, 1,880 individuals have mastered both French and English, or 14.6%.[6]

Transportation

Access routes

Highways and numbered routes that run through the municipality, including external routes that start or finish at the county border:[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Reference number 141055 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Ministère des Affaires municipale et des Régions du Québec. "Mékinac - Résertoire des municipalités". Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  3. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Mékinac, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "Saint-Roch-de-Mékinac" (in French). Gouvernement du Quebec. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  5. ^ Recensement de 2011 du Canada
  6. ^ "(Code 2435) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  7. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map