|• Total||220 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
Luque (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlu.ke]) is a city in Central Department of Paraguay, part of the Gran Asunción metropolitan area. Both 1635 and 1750 have been recorded as dates of its founding. It was temporarily the capital of Paraguay in 1868 during the Paraguayan War before relocation to San Estanislao. It is located at around . Luque is one of the most important cities in the country. The city counts as home of Paraguay's main international airport, Silvio Pettirossi International Airport and the Ñu Guasú Park, which is where the Paraguayan Olympic Committee is also located. The continental governing body of association football in South America, CONMEBOL, has its headquarters approximately 3 minutes from the Airport, consisting of the South American Football Museum and walking distance from the Bourbon CONMEBOL Asunción Convention Hotel. When it existed, ARPA – Aerolíneas Paraguayas had its headquarters in the ARPA Terminal on the grounds of the airport. It is a center of production of Guitars and Paraguayan harps as well as Filigranas, gold and silver filigree jewelry including the seven-band ring Carretón de Siete Ramales. On 27 January 2016, Paraguayan Newspaper La Nación had reported that Carlos Echeverría Estigarribia, the elected intendent of the city of Luque, states his intention of wanting Luque to be one of the most important cities.
The name Luque is first mentioned in 1635 in an act of the Cabildo of Asunción when the colonial governor of the Governorate of Paraguay, Martín Ledesma de Valderrama, granted two leagues of land to a Spanish Captain named Miguel Antón de Luque in a place near Asunción known as las Salinas. According to the act this was the place where Captain Antón de Luque had been working an Encomienda for more than twenty years.
A century later, in 1743, another Miguel de Luque, a descendant of the first mentioned, made a donation by testament of a section of those lands to the Franciscans who built a chapel for the devotion of the Virgin of the Rosary in 1750 - 1755, and from that time the old name of Salinas was changed to Valle de Luque.
In 1781 governor Pedro Melo de Portugal made the first administrative division of the Governorate of Paraguay into six towns and designated the district with the name Partido de Luque.
Luque is located to the East of Asunción and borders the following cities:
- To the North with Mariano Roque Alonso, Limpio and Nueva Colombia
- To the South with Fernando de la Mora and San Lorenzo
- To the East with Areguá
- To the West with Asunción
- To the Southeast with Capiatá
- José Luis Chilavert
- Egni Eckert
- Raúl Vicente Amarilla
- Pablo César Aguilar
- Osvaldo Martínez
- Hilarión Osorio
- Torres, Dionisio González (2010). Origen e Historia de los pueblos del Paraguay. Asunción: Servilibro. pp. 156, 157. ISBN 978-99953-0-198-9.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-28. Retrieved 2016-01-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Directory: World airlines." Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. 88.
- ""Queremos que Luque sea una de las ciudades más importantes"". lanacion.com.py. Retrieved 15 April 2018.