Lower house

Bicameralism Legislature Unicameralism
Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish Parliament

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.[1]

Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power or otherwise exert significant political influence. The lower house typically is the larger of the two chambers, i.e. its members are more numerous. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral.

Common attributes

In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics (though they vary per jurisdiction).

Status of lower house

The government of the day is usually required to present its budget to the lower house, which must approve the budget. It is a widespread practice for revenue (ie., appropriation) bills to originate in the lower house.

Titles of lower houses

Many lower houses are named in manners such as these:

See also


  1. ^ Bicameralism (1997) by George Tsebelis.