Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant

French Directory Caen Count

Louis Gustave le Doulcet de Pontécoulant
Louis-Gustave Doulcet de Pontécoulant.jpg
Louis Gustave le Doulcet de Pontécoulant
Born
Louis Gustave le Doulcet de Pontécoulant

17 November 1764
Died3 April 1853(1853-04-03) (aged 88)

Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant (17 November 1764 – 3 April 1853) was a French politician. He was the father of Louis Adolphe le Doulcet and Philippe Gustave le Doulcet.

Biography

Early life and National Convention

Born in Caen on the 1764,[1] he began a military career with the Compagnie Écossaise of the Garde du corps du Roi in 1778, becoming Lieutenant Colonel in 1791.[citation needed] A moderate supporter of the French Revolution, he was elected to the National Convention for the départment of Calvados in 1792, and became commissioner with the Army of the North during the French Revolutionary Wars.[1]

He voted for the imprisonment of King Louis XVI during the war, and his banishment after the peace. He then attached himself to the Girondists, voting in favor of Jean-Paul Marat's prosecution, and was consequently declared an enemy of the people in August 1793,.[1] being pursued by the Reign of Terror and taking refuge to Switzerland.[citation needed]

In July, Charlotte Corday, the assassin of Marat, asked Le Doulcet to defend her, but he did not receive in time her letter so Claude François Chauveau-Lagarde was appointed instead to assist her during the trial.[1][2][3] However, it is said that Corday thought that Le Doulcet refused to defend her and sent to him a last letter of reproach just before going to the scaffold.[1][4]

Thermidor and Directory

He returned to the Thermidorian Convention on 8 March 1795, and was noted for his moderation, especially after defending Prieur de la Marne and Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet. President of the Convention in July 1795, he was for some months a member of the Council of Public Safety.[1]

Doulcet was subsequently elected to the French Directory's Council of Five Hundred, but was suspected of Royalist sympathies, and had to spend some time in retirement between anti-monarchist coup of 18 Fructidor (4 September 1797) and the establishment of the Consulate (the 18 Brumaire coup of 9 November 1799).[1]

Empire and Restoration

Becoming senator of the First French Empire in 1805, and count of the Empire in 1808, he organized the national guard in Franche-Comté in 1811, and the defence of the north-eastern frontier in 1813.[1]

During the 1814 Bourbon Restoration, Louis XVIII made him a Peer of France, and although he received a similar honor from Napoleon during the Hundred Days, he remained in the upper house after the return of the king. He died in Paris, leaving memoirs and correspondence from which were extracted four volumes (1861–1865) of Souvenirs historiques et parlementaires, 1764-1848.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Chisholm 1911, p. 63.
  2. ^ Le Figaro 2018.
  3. ^ "N'ayant pu être représentée par le défenseur qu'elle s'était choisie; le député girondin Doulcet de Pontécoulant (il existe une hypothèse selon laquelle Fouquier-Tinville aurait fait en sorte qu'il soit averti trop tard), c'est l'avocat Claude-François Chauveau-Lagarde, présent à l'audience qui va être désigné par le président du Tribunal révolutionnaire pour assurer sa défense" (Le procès de Charlotte Corday 2018).
  4. ^ corday.free.fr.