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Litchfield, Quebec

L'Île-du-Grand-Calumet Bryson, Quebec Ottawa River

Litchfield
Litchfield QC.JPG
Location within Pontiac RCM
Location within Pontiac RCM
Litchfield is located in Western Quebec
Litchfield
Litchfield
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°45′N 76°35′W / 45.750°N 76.583°W / 45.750; -76.583Coordinates: 45°45′N 76°35′W / 45.750°N 76.583°W / 45.750; -76.583[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMPontiac
ConstitutedJuly 1, 1855
Government
 • MayorColleen Larivière
 • Federal ridingPontiac
 • Prov. ridingPontiac
Area
 • Total214.10 km2 (82.66 sq mi)
 • Land202.18 km2 (78.06 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total459
 • Density2.3/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Increase 0.7%
 • Dwellings
449
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways Route 148
Route 301
Websitewww.litchfield-qc.ca Edit this at Wikidata
Vinton

Litchfield is a municipality in the Outaouais region, part of the Pontiac Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada. It is located on the shores of the eastern channel of the Ottawa River at Calumet Island.

Its settlements include Vinton (once known as St-Elizabeth-de-Franktown[4]) and Goldwin. Notable lakes include Litchfield, Leslie, and Ours (Bear) Lakes.

History

Litchfield Township (spelled "Licthfield" on the Gale and Duberger map of 1795) was officially created in 1834. It was probably named after Lichfield, an English town in Staffordshire, north of Birmingham.[5] On November 20, 1846, the township was incorporated with Alfred Lancaster as its first mayor.[4] It was abolished the next year and became part of the Ottawa County Municipality. It was reestablished in 1855.[5]

In 1863, the Municipality of Portage-du-Fort Village separated from Litchfield's territory,[6] followed by Bryson in 1873, and by Campbell's Bay in 1904.[5] Because Bryson was located in the narrowest part of the municipality, between L'Île-du-Grand-Calumet and Clarendon, it separated the municipality's territory in two.

In 1964, the Pontiac County Council (now Pontiac MRC) built its headquarters in Litchfield on Quebec Route 148 at the edge of Campbell's Bay.[4]

On November 6, 2004, the Township Municipality of Litchfield changed its status to become the Municipality of Litchfield.[5]

Demographics

Population

Language

Mother tongue:[3]

Local government

List of former mayors:

See also

References

  1. ^ Reference number 379882 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b "Litchfield". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-08. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2484040) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Pontiac MRC Gateway: Litchfield". Pontiac MRC Gateway. Archived from the original on October 7, 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
  5. ^ a b c d "Municipalité du Canton de Litchfield" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
  6. ^ "Portage-du-Fort" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-11-19.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census