List of tramways in Queensland
List of tramways in Queensland provides three separate lists, each in alphabetical order of the key identifier. They are:
- Non sugar cane tramways, ordered by Tramway Name as contained in Wikipedia articles.
- Sugar cane tramways, ordered by Sugar Mill Name, of which not all mills have a Wikipedia article.
- Miscellaneous tramways for which only limited information is available, ordered by Enterprise Name as contained in Wikipedia articles
The information listed is derived from the references and from the wikilinked articles (including those in “See also”)
Non sugar cane tramways
Except where shown otherwise these tramways had a gauge of 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm). They were regarded as tramways because of their lighter construction, and because they did not compete with government railways. The Mapleton Tramway, a former sugar cane tramway, is included in this list because it has its own article, and is heritage listed.
Tramway lengths are shown in miles to conform to other Australian railway articles. Where the source shows the distance in kilometres some small difference may occur due to rounding.
|Tramway name||Owner / operator||From locality||To locality||From year||To year||Length||Gauge||Notes|
|Aramac||Aramac Shire||Aramac||Barcaldine||1913||1975||41 mi (66 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Now a heritage listed station and museum at Aramac.|
|Ballara||Hampton mine||Devoncourt (former train station)||Ballara (former mining town)||1915||1926||21.8 mi (35 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Served the “Wee Macgregor” mine, in the locality of Kuridala. |
This line joined a 1.85 mi (3 km) tramway, with 2 ft (610 mm) gauge.
|Beaudesert Shire||Beaudesert Shire||Beaudesert||Lamington and
|1903||1944||39.36 mi (63.34 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||With a branch line from Tabooba to Rathdowney.|
|Belmont||Belmont Shire||Norman Park||Belmont||1912||1926||4.3 mi (6.9 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Passenger tramway.|
|Big Pineapple||The Big Pineapple||Loop around the property||1971||N/A||0.6 mi (1.0 km)||2 ft (610 mm)||Tourist tramway.|
|Buderim||Maroochy Shire||Palmwoods railway station||Buderim||1914||1935||7.2 mi (11.6 km)||2 ft (610 mm)||Built to carry farm produce from Buderim. |
Now heritage listed remnants at Buderim.
|Cooloola||Brisbane Saw Mills||Broutha Scrub, Cooloola||Poverty Point, Cooloola||1874||1884||8.5 mi (13.7 km)||2 ft (610 mm) (assumed)||Built to carry timber to Tin Can Bay. |
Now heritage listed remnants in Great Sandy National Park.
|Innisfail||Johnstone Shire||Mourilyan Harbour||Mourilyan||1883||1997||6.8 mi (11 km)||2 ft (610 mm)||Built to carry materials from Mourilyan Harbour to build the Mourilyan sugar mill. |
Later expanded into a sugar cane tramway network to service the Mourilyan mill.
|Laheys||Laheys Sawmill||Canungra||Upper Coomera||1900||1933||16.5 mi (26.6 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Now a heritage listed tunnel at Canungra.|
|Mapleton||Moreton Central Sugar Mill||Nambour||Mapleton||1897||2003||26.1 mi (42.0 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Expanded to a network of lines converging on Nambour. |
Now a heritage listed tramway segment in Nambour, and
Tramway Lift Bridge over Maroochy River..
|Mill Point||McGhie, Luya and Co.||Near Kin Kin Creek||Mill Point sawmill, Como||1870s||1890s||4 mi (6.4 km)||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)||Timber haulage near Lake Cootharaba, originally using timber rails. |
Heritage listed remnants at Como.
|Stannary Hills||Stannary Hills Mines and Tramway Company||Boonmoo||Stannary Hills||1902||1941||Unknown||2 ft (610 mm)||Built for tin mining. |
Now heritage listed remnants at Irvinebank, and a rail trail to Boonmoo.
Refer to Chillagoe Railway & Mining Co. for a map showing Boonmoo, Stannary Hills, Irvinebank and Rocky Bluff, and the tramways between them.
|Stannary Hills||Irvinebank||1907||1936||7.5 mi (12.1 km)(est)|
|Stannary Hills||Rocky Bluff (a former mining town in the locality of Watsonville)||1902||1926||6.8 mi (10.9 km)|
Sugar cane tramways
With the exception of the Oaklands and Pioneer mill tramways, with a gauge of 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm), and the Morayfield line (3 ft (914 mm)), these tramways have a gauge of 2 ft (610 mm). None of these tramways have their own article, but some of the mills have articles in which the associated tramway network is mentioned. Most of the locality articles contain some information about the associated sugar mill/s.
|Mill name'||Mill locality||Mill open year||Mill close year||Notes|
|Babinda||Babinda||1915||2011||Dates from ref.|
|Bloomfield||Bloomfield||1885||1890||Tramway was 10 mi (16 km) long, built from portable track. Mill closed 1890.|
|Cattle Creek||Finch Hatton||1906||1990||Tramway absorbed by Marian mill.|
|Fairymead||Fairymead||1884||2004/5||Tramway absorbed by Bingera mill.|
|Farleigh||Farleigh||1883||N/A||Tramway built 1956 to 1961.|
|Gin Gin||Wallaville||1896||1974||Tramway absorbed by Bingera mill.|
|Goondi||Goondi||1883||1987||Tramway absorbed by Babinda and Mourilyan mills.|
|Habana||Habana||1883||1901||Heritage listed remains at Habana.|
|Hambleton||Edmonton||1895||1992||Tramway, built in 1897, absorbed by Mulgrave mill.|
|Marian||Marian||1885 / 1895||N/A|
|Morayfield||Morayfield||1867||1889||A 3 mi (4.8 km), 3 ft (914 mm) gauge line. Tram initially horse-drawn; later by an 8-ton locomotive. |
Heritage listed ruins, including tramway rails.
|Moreton||Nambour||1897||2003||Mill demolished in 2006 and most lines removed. |
See Mapleton tramway in the above table for further details.
|Mourilyan||Mourilyan||1884||2006||Mill destroyed by Cyclone Larry.|
|Mulgrave||Gordonvale||1896||N/A||See also Cairns-Mulgrave Tramway, a 31 mi (50 km), 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge line incorporated into Queensland Rail In 1911.|
|North Eton||North Eton||1888||1989||Tramway absorbed by Pleystowe and Racecourse mills.|
|Pleystowe||Pleystowe||1872||2009||Dates from ref.|
|Qunaba||Qunaba||pre-1900||1985||Tramway absorbed by Millaquin and Fairymead mills.|
|Richmond||Richmond||1881||1895||Heritage listed remnants at Richmond.|
|South Johnstone||South Johnstone||1916||N/A|
The following mills, through common ownership arrangements, share their tramway networks:
- Farleigh, Marian, Pleystowe and Racecourse;
- Macknade and Victoria;
- Babinda, Mourilyan and South Johnstone;
- Invicta and Kalamia (via a dual gauge track over the 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Pioneer line)
Other early tramways
This list shows early enterprises that had some form of tramway, of which little is known.
|Enterprise name||Enterprise locality||Open year||Close year||Notes|
|Anglo Saxon Mine||Groganville||1889||1897||Tramway from gold mine to battery. |
Heritage listed remnants at Groganville.
|Argyle Homestead||Geham||1897||4.8 mi (7.7 km) tramway from sawmill to railway at Hampton. |
Heritage listed farm remnants (not tramway) at the homestead.
|Beam Creek Sawmill||Hazeldean||1920s||1920s||300 metre tramway for very steep descent from mountain top to bottom.|
|Bunya Mountains National Park||Bunya Mountains||1923||1928||670 metre tramway for 250 metre descent from mountain top to bottom at Wengenville, used with winches, winders and flying foxes. |
The logs were transferred to a horse drawn tram for movement to a log dump.
A “not to scale” model can be seen at the natural history museum at the Dandabah camping area.
|Central Sugar Mill||Yengarie||1866||1890||Tramway from wharf to mill. |
Heritage listed remnants at Yengarie.
See also Yengarie Sugar Refinery Ruins.
|Cressbrook Creek Sawmill||Cressbrook Creek||1922||1930s||700 metre tramway for very steep descent from mountain top to bottom. |
The logs were transferred to a horse drawn tram for movement to the sawmill.
|Cumberland Company||Cumberland||1891||1897||800 metre tramway from gold mine to Battery. |
Brick chimney of Battery is only remains.
|Evelyn Scrub War Memorial||Evelyn||1910||1921||6.2 mi (10 km) tramway from timber mill to railway line. |
Heritage listed items (not tramway) at the War Memorial.
|Hampton Timber Tramway||Palmtree||1901||1936||6 mi (9.7 km) tramway from timber mill at Palmtree to railway line at Hampton.|
|Killarney railway line||Tannymorel||1908||1964||Tramway from Mount Colliery coal mine to railway line at Tannymorel.|
|Lytton Quarantine Station||Lytton||1913||1980s||Tramway from wharf to Reception House. |
Heritage listed remnants at Lytton.
|Mount Crosby Pumping Station||Mount Crosby||1913||1932||Tramway from Tivoli for construction, and then to bring coal to power the pumps. |
Heritage listed site (no remnants of tramway)
|Neranwood Hardwood Company||Neranwood||1923||1928||Tramway from sawmill to railway at Mudgeeraba.|
|Pinelands Sawmill||Hillview||1904||1912||5 mi (8 km) tramway from timber source to sawmill. |
Visible evidence is a rock cutting up to three metres deep and ten metres long.
|Scrubby Creek Sawmill||Royston||1920s||1920s||Royston is 8.7 mi (14.0 km) east of Kilcoy. (see map) Short tramway and chute from timber source to sawmill. |
Visible evidence is cuttings, embankments and sleepers.
|St Helena Island||Moreton Bay||1885||Passenger tramway - first in Queensland. |
Heritage listed site (remnants of tramway ?)
|St Lawrence Meatworks and Wharf||St Lawrence||1860s||1911||Tramway between meatworks, other buildings (and wharf?) |
Heritage listed remnants at St Lawrence.
|Sundown Tin and Copper Mine||Stanthorpe||1904||1923||250 metre tramway from copper mine to furnace. |
Heritage listed remnants (no tramway) at Stanthorpe.
|Totley Township||Ravenswood||1890||Endless chain tramway between silver mine and treatment plant. |
Heritage listed remnants at Ravenswood.
- Rail tramways In Queensland
- List of sugar mills in Queensland
- 2 ft gauge railways in Australia
- Tramway (industrial)
- Browning, John (30 Jul 2007). "Queensland sugar cane railways today". lrrsa.org.au. Light Railway Research Society of Australia Inc. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Pettigrew's Cooloola Timber Tramway Complex". apps.des.qld.gov.au. Queensland Government. 31 Aug 2016. Retrieved 22 Dec 2019.
- "Boonmoo - Where was it located". mbahistsoc.org.au. The Historical Society of Mareeba. 2012. Retrieved 22 Dec 2019.
- "Irvinebank to Boonmoo rail trail". railtrails.org.au. Rail Trails Australia. 2019. Retrieved 22 Dec 2019.
- "Stannary Hills". queenslandplaces.com.au. The University of Queensland. Retrieved 22 Dec 2019.
- Bain, Lee (2012). "Babinda Sugar Mill 1915 - 2011" (PDF). babindainfocentre.com.au. Babinda Information Centre. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Bingera and South Bingera". queenslandplaces.com.au. The University of Queensland. 2018. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Farleigh Mill". mkysugar.com.au. Mackay Sugar. 2012. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Marian Mill". mkysugar.com.au. Mackay Sugar. 2012. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Bundaberg Sugar Millaquin Mill". foodprocessing-technology.com. Food Processing Technology. 2019. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Mourilyan, Qld". aussietowns.com.au. Aussie Towns. 2019. Retrieved 22 Dec 2019.
- "Pleystowe Mill". mkysugar.com.au. Mackay Sugar. 2012. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- "Racecourse Mill". mkysugar.com.au. Mackay Sugar. 2012. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- George, Jann (28 Oct 2016). "South Johnstone Mill celebrates 100 years". northqueenslandregister.com.au. North Queensland Register. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- Zelmer, A C Lynn (2003). "Victoria Mill (Ingham, Qld) over the Years" (PDF). zelmeroz.com. Cane Tram Notes. Retrieved 21 Dec 2019.
- Kerr and Philpott, JD and MM (1971). "Lars Andersen's Timber Tramways" (PDF). southburnett.biz. Queensland Heritage. Retrieved 29 Dec 2019.
- "Bunya Mountains National Park - Nature, culture and history - Harvest of the bunya pine". parks.des.qld.gov.au. Queensland Government - Department of Environment and Science. 2019. Retrieved 28 Dec 2019.
- "Timber Tramway Lives Again". southburnett.com.au. South Burnett Online. 2 Mar 2015. Retrieved 28 Dec 2019.
- "A Mountain Tramway". trove.nla.gov.au. Trove. 9 Sep 1922. Retrieved 30 Dec 2019.
- Kerr, John (January 1988). "Pinelands Tramway, Widgee Creek" (PDF). agriculture.gov.au. Department of Environment and Heritage Protection (Queensland). Retrieved 28 Dec 2019.
- Kerr, John (January 1988). "Scrubby Creek Tramway (scroll to pages 260-262)" (PDF). agriculture.gov.au. Department of Environment and Heritage Protection (Queensland). Retrieved 28 Dec 2019.
- Google (28 Dec 2019). "Kilcoy to Royston" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 28 Dec 2019.