List of towns and cities in Norway

Viken (county) Vestfold og Telemark Rogaland
Map of Norway with important cities

Below is a list of towns and cities in Norway. The Norwegian word for town or city is by. Cities were formerly categorized as kjøpstad (market town) or ladested (small seaport),[1] each with special rights. The special trading rights for cities were abolished in 1857, and the classification was entirely rescinded in 1952 and replaced by the simple classification by.

Overview

From 1 January 1965 the focus was moved from the individual cities to their corresponding municipalities. Norwegian municipalities were classified as bykommune (urban municipality) or herredskommune (rural municipality). The distinction was rescinded by The Local Government Act of 1992. The municipalities were ordered by so-called municipality numbers, four-digit codes based on ISO 3166-2:NO which in 1946 were assigned to each municipality. Urban municipalities got a municipality number in which the third digit was a zero.[1]

Between 1960 and 1965 many Norwegian municipalities were merged. For instance when the urban municipality Brevik merged with the urban municipality Porsgrunn and the rural municipality Eidanger, the new municipality was called Porsgrunn and retained its municipality number. As a result, Brevik was no longer considered an urban municipality/town. On another note, when the urban municipality Hønefoss was merged with the rural municipalities Hole, Norderhov, Tyristrand and Ådal to form the new municipality Ringerike, Ringerike retained the old municipality number of Hønefoss.[2] The same thing happened to Egersund and Florø.

Before 1996, the city status was awarded by the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development. Now the issue is decided by each municipality council and is formally accepted by the state. Since 1997 a municipality must have a minimum of 5,000 inhabitants in order to declare city status for one of its settlements. In 1999 the municipality council of Bardu declared city status for Setermoen, only to be rejected because the municipality fell short of the population limit. One exception is Honningsvåg in Nordkapp, where the municipality actually has less than 5,000 inhabitants but declared city status before the limit was implemented by law in 1997.[3]

Because of the new laws, Norway witnessed a rapid rise in the number of cities after 1996. A number of relatively small settlements are now called by, such as Brekstad with 1,828 inhabitants and Kolvereid with 1,448 inhabitants.[a] Among the cities of today which got this status before 1996, Tvedestrand with 1,983[a] inhabitants is the smallest. On another note, the laws of 1996 allowed some settlements which lost their city status in the 1960s to regain it.

Oslo, founded in 1000[citation needed], is the largest city and the capital of Norway.

Cities and towns in Norway

Note that in most cases the population listed here is that of the municipality, including other villages, not just the urban centre.

In 2017 the government decided to abolish some of the counties and to merge them with other counties to form larger ones, reducing the number of counties from 19 to 11, to be implemented from 2020.[4]

City or town status since before 1996

Oslo The capital of Norway and among the fastest growing cities in Europe
Bergen, The capital of Hordaland, Norway
Trondheim, The largest city in Trøndelag, Norway
Stavanger, The oil capital and capital of Rogaland
Kristiansand, The biggest city in Vest-Agder
Fredrikstad, The biggest city in Østfold, and one of the top 20 biggest cities in Norway
Tromsø, The capital of Troms
Sandnes, The second largest city in Rogaland after Stavanger
Drammen, The largest city and capital of Buskerud
City/town Municipality County City/town status Population
Arendal Arendal Agder 1723 39,826
Bergen Bergen Vestland[b] 1070 278,121
Bodø Bodø Nordland 1816 46,049
Drammen Drammen Viken 1811 64,597
Egersund Eigersund Rogaland 1798 13,418
Farsund Farsund Agder 1795 9,392
Flekkefjord Flekkefjord Agder 1842 8,918
Florø Flora Vestland 1860 8,296
Fredrikstad Fredrikstad Viken 1567 80,977
Gjøvik Gjøvik Innlandet 1861 27,500
Grimstad Grimstad Agder 1816 19,809
Halden[c] Halden Viken 1665 31 037
Hamar Hamar Innlandet 1248 31,593
Hammerfest Hammerfest Troms og Finnmark 1789 9,261
Harstad Harstad Troms og Finnmark 1904 23,242
Haugesund Haugesund Rogaland 1854 31,738
Holmestrand Holmestrand Vestfold og Telemark 1752 9,515
Horten Horten Vestfold og Telemark 1858 24,671
Hønefoss Ringerike Viken 1852 13,930
Kongsberg Kongsberg Viken 1624 23,997
Kongsvinger Kongsvinger Innlandet 1854 17,380
Kristiansand Kristiansand Agder 1641 90,562
Kristiansund (town) Kristiansund Møre og Romsdal 1742 22,661
Larvik Larvik Vestfold og Telemark 1671 41,221
Lillehammer Lillehammer Innlandet 1842 25,070
Mandal Mandal Agder 1921 13,840
Molde Molde Møre og Romsdal 1742 24,421
Moss Moss Viken 1720 28,800
Namsos Namsos Trøndelag 1845 12,426
Narvik Narvik Nordland 1902 18,512
Notodden Notodden Vestfold og Telemark 1913 12,359
Oslo Oslo Oslo 1000 634,463
Porsgrunn Porsgrunn Vestfold og Telemark 1842 33,550
Risør Risør Agder 1630 6,938
Sandefjord Sandefjord Vestfold og Telemark 1845 42,333
Sandnes Sandnes Rogaland 1860 78,624
Sarpsborg Sarpsborg Viken 1016 50,115
Skien Skien Vestfold og Telemark 1000 72,537
Stavanger Stavanger Rogaland 1125 130,754
Steinkjer Steinkjer Trøndelag 1857 20,672
Svolvær Vågan Nordland 1918[d] 4,720
Tromsø Tromsø Troms og Finnmark 1794 72,681
Trondheim Trondheim Trøndelag 997 190,464
Tønsberg Tønsberg Vestfold og Telemark 900 38,914
Vadsø Vadsø Troms og Finnmark 1833 6,187
Vardø Vardø Troms og Finnmark 1789 2,396
Ålesund Ålesund Møre og Romsdal 1848 41,385

City status since after 1996

City Municipality County Town status Population
Alta Alta Troms og Finnmark 1999 15,094
Askim Askim Viken 1996 14,703
Brekstad Ørland Trøndelag 2005 1,865
Brevik Porsgrunn Vestfold og Telemark 1845–1963
later regained
2,700
Brumunddal Ringsaker Innlandet 2010 8,890
Bryne Time Rogaland 2001 9,627
Brønnøysund Brønnøy Nordland 1923–1963
regained 2000
5,045
Drøbak Frogn Viken 1842–1961
regained 2006
13,358
Elverum Elverum Innlandet 1996 18,992
Fauske Fauske Nordland 1998 6,304
Fagernes Nord-Aurdal Innlandet 2007 1,762
Finnsnes Lenvik Troms og Finnmark 2000 4,658
Fosnavåg Herøy Møre og Romsdal 2000 3,598
Førde Førde Vestland 1997 9,248
Hokksund Øvre Eiker Viken 2002 9,207
Honningsvåg Nordkapp Troms og Finnmark 1996 2,575
Jessheim Ullensaker Viken 2012 17,319
Jørpeland Strand Rogaland 1998 6,168
Kirkenes Sør-Varanger Troms og Finnmark 1998 3,529
Kolvereid Nærøy Trøndelag 2002 1,448
Kopervik Karmøy Rogaland 1866–1964
regained 1996
11,250
Kragerø Kragerø Vestfold og Telemark 1666–1959
later regained
10,505
Langesund Bamble Vestfold og Telemark 1765–1963
regained 1997
5,500
Leirvik Stord Vestland 1997 14,171
Leknes Vestvågøy Nordland 2002 3,556
Levanger Levanger Trøndelag 1836–1961
later regained
9,239
Lillesand Lillesand Agder 1830–1961
later regained
8,952
Lillestrøm Skedsmo Viken 1997 12,500
Lyngdal Lyngdal Agder 2001 7,216
Mo i Rana Rana Nordland 1923–1963
later regained
18,866
Mosjøen Vefsn Nordland 1875–1961
later regained
9,843
Mysen Eidsberg Viken 1996 6,084
Måløy Vågsøy Vestland 2004 3,003
Odda Odda Vestland 2004 7,468
Orkanger Orkdal Trøndelag 2014 7,812
Otta Sel Innlandet 2000 2,750
Rjukan Tinn Vestfold og Telemark 1996 3,386
Sandnessjøen Alstahaug Nordland 1999 5,716
Sandvika Bærum Viken 2003 108,144
Sauda Sauda Rogaland 1999 4,878
Ski Ski Viken 2004 26,588
Skudeneshavn Karmøy Rogaland 1857–1964
later regained
3,364
Sortland Sortland Nordland 1997 9,509
Stathelle Bamble Vestfold og Telemark 1774–1963
regained 1997
5,131
Stavern[e] Larvik Vestfold og Telemark 1946–1988
regained 1999
2,538
Stjørdalshalsen Stjørdal Trøndelag 1997 10,779
Tvedestrand Tvedestrand Agder 1997 1,983
Ulsteinvik Ulstein Møre og Romsdal 2000 5,156
Verdalsøra Verdal Trøndelag 1998 7,396
Vinstra Nord-Fron Innlandet 2013 2,553
Åkrehamn Karmøy Rogaland 2002 7,736
Åndalsnes Rauma Møre og Romsdal 1996 2,403

Former towns

City Municipality County Town status
Holmsbu Hurum Viken 1847–1964
Hvitsten Vestby Viken 1837–1964
Hølen Vestby Viken 1837–1943
Røros[f] Røros Trøndelag 1683–
Setermoen Bardu Troms og Finnmark 1999
(later rejected)
Sogndal Sokndal Rogaland 1798–1944
Son Vestby Viken 1604–1963
Åsgårdstrand Horten Vestfold og Telemark 1650–1964

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Population count applies to the tettsted (urban settlement), which is a continuous built-up area with less than 50 metres between the houses. Statistics Norway (2007). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality. 1 January 2007". Archived from the original on 7 November 2007. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Bergen was a separate county until 1 January 1972.
  3. ^ Previously known as Fredrikshald
  4. ^ Lost its status in 1964, regained in 1996.
  5. ^ Previously known as Fredriksvern
  6. ^ Røros chose to be referred to as bergstad (mining town).

References

  1. ^ a b Statistics Norway (2003). "About the statistics: Population changes in municipalities 1951–1999". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Dag Jukvam / Statistics Norway (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2003-03-10. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Kommunal Rapport (23 June 2005). "Byer i Norge". Archived from the original on 15 February 2006. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Dette er Norges nye regioner". vg.no. Archived from the original on 9 March 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.