List of presidents who did not win reelection

United States Madagascar Ukraine
Infinite Construction - STEAM

This is a list of incumbent presidents in any country who ran for another term in office but were not reelected.

List

Term in office President Country Lost election Winning Successor Notes
1797–1801 John Adams  United States 1800 United States presidential election Thomas Jefferson
1825–1829 John Quincy Adams  United States 1828 United States presidential election Andrew Jackson
1837-1841 Martin Van Buren  United States 1840 United States presidential election William Henry Harrison Van Buren also ran in the 1848 presidential election with the Free Soil Party.
1853-1857 Franklin Pierce  United States 1856 Democratic National Convention James Buchanan Pierce ran for reelection, but he was defeated at the 1856 Democratic National Convention by James Buchanan. Buchanan won the 1856 United States presidential election to become the 15th president of the United States.
1865-1869 Andrew Johnson  United States 1868 Democratic National Convention Ulysses S. Grant Johnson was impeached by the US House of Representatives and narrowly avoided conviction in the US Senate. He lost the 1868 Democratic presidential nomination to Horatio Seymour.
1885-1889 Grover Cleveland  United States 1888 United States presidential election Benjamin Harrison Cleveland lost the Election of 1888, but won the 1892 United States presidential election.
1889-1893 Benjamin Harrison  United States 1892 United States presidential election Grover Cleveland
1909-1913 William Howard Taft  United States 1912 United States presidential election Woodrow Wilson
1929-1933 Herbert Hoover  United States 1932 United States presidential election Franklin D. Roosevelt
1937 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud  Finland 1937 Finnish presidential election Kyösti Kallio
1948–1953 Elpidio Quirino  Philippines 1953 Philippine presidential election Ramon Magsaysay Then Vice President Quirino succeeded Manuel Roxas after the latter died on 1948. Quirino became president on his own right after winning the 1949 presidential election.
1948–1955 Luigi Einaudi  Italy 1955 Italian presidential election Giovanni Gronchi
1955–1962 Giovanni Gronchi  Italy 1962 Italian presidential election Antonio Segni
1957–1961 Carlos P. Garcia  Philippines 1961 Philippine presidential election Diosdado Macapagal Then Vice President Garcia succeeded Ramon Magsaysay after the latter died on 1957. Garcia became president on his own right after winning the 1957 presidential election.
1960–1967 Aden Abdullah Osman Daar  Somalia 1967 Somali presidential election Abdirashid Shermarke
1961–1965 Diosdado Macapagal  Philippines 1965 Philippine presidential election Ferdinand Marcos
1964–1971 Giuseppe Saragat  Italy 1971 Italian presidential election Giovanni Leone
1974-1977 Gerald R. Ford  United States 1976 United States presidential election Jimmy Carter Gerald R. Ford is the only person to serve as United States President without being elected as either President or Vice President. Ford was appointed Vice President after the resignation of Spiro Agnew in 1973, and as V.P., succeeded Richard Nixon as President on Nixon's resignation in 1974.
1977–1981 Jimmy Carter  United States 1980 United States presidential election Ronald Reagan
1974–1981 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing  France 1981 French presidential election François Mitterrand
1985-1990 Daniel Ortega  Nicaragua 1990 Nicaraguan general election Violeta Chamorro Ortega later returned to power in the 2006 elections.
1972–1991 Mathieu Kérékou  Benin 1991 Beninese presidential election Nicéphore Soglo
1964–1991 Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia 1991 Zambian general election Frederick Chiluba
1989–1993 George H. W. Bush  United States 1992 United States presidential election Bill Clinton
1989–1992 Václav Havel  Czechoslovakia 1992 Czechoslovak presidential election none due to the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia Havel later elected President of the Czech Republic.
1975–1993 Didier Ratsiraka  Madagascar 1992-93 Malagasy presidential election Albert Zafy Ratsiraka returned to power in the 1996
1987–1993 Pierre Buyoya  Burundi 1993 Burundian presidential election Melchior Ndadaye Buyoya returned to power in 1996.
1988-1993 George Vassiliou  Cyprus 1993 Cypriot presidential election Glafcos Clerides
1981–1993 André Kolingba  Central African Republic 1993 Central African general election Ange-Félix Patassé
1966–1994 Hastings Banda  Malawi 1994 Malawian general election Bakili Muluzi
1991–1994 Leonid Kravchuk  Ukraine 1994 Ukrainian presidential election Leonid Kuchma
1990–1995 Lech Wałęsa  Poland 1995 Polish presidential election Aleksander Kwaśniewski
1991–1996 Nicéphore Soglo  Benin 1996 Beninese presidential election Mathieu Kérékou
1993–1996 Albert Zafy  Madagascar 1996 Malagasy presidential election Didier Ratsiraka
1990–1997 Mircea Snegur  Moldova 1996 Moldovan presidential election Petru Lucinschi
1990–1997 Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat  Mongolia 1997 Mongolian presidential election Natsagiin Bagabandi
1989–1996 Ion Iliescu  Romania 1996 Romanian general election Emil Constantinescu Iliescu returned to office after 2000 election.
1999–2000 Robert Guéï  Ivory Coast 2000 Ivorian presidential election Laurent Gbagbo
1981–2000 Abdou Diouf  Senegal 2000 Senegalese presidential election Abdoulaye Wade
1996–2001 Didier Ratsiraka  Madagascar 2001 Malagasy presidential election Marc Ravalomanana
1996–2001 Petar Stoyanov  Bulgaria 2001 Bulgarian presidential election Georgi Parvanov
1998–2003 Valdas Adamkus  Lithuania 2002–03 Lithuanian presidential election Rolandas Paksas Returned to the office in 2004.
2000-2004 Hipólito Mejía  Dominican Republic 2004 Dominican Republic presidential election Leonel Fernández
2001–2004 Megawati Sukarnoputri  Indonesia 2004 Indonesian presidential election Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Also lost 2009 election.
1999–2004 Rudolf Schuster  Slovakia 2004 Slovak presidential election Ivan Gašparovič
2001–2006 Arnold Rüütel  Estonia 2006 Estonian presidential election Toomas Hendrik Ilves
2005–2009 Nambaryn Enkhbayar  Mongolia 2009 Mongolian presidential election Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2002–2010 Dahir Riyale Kahin  Somaliland 2010 Somaliland presidential election Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo The President of Somaliland is not diplomatically recognized as an independent head of state by the international community.
2005–2010 Viktor Yushchenko  Ukraine 2010 Ukrainian presidential election Viktor Yanukovich
2000–2011 Laurent Gbagbo  Ivory Coast 2010 Ivorian presidential election Alassane Ouattara Gbagbo declared President by Constitutional Council despite recognition of Outtara by the international community, leading to the Second Ivorian Civil War
1991–2011 Igor Smirnov  Transnistria 2011 Transnistrian presidential election Yevgeny Shevchuk The President of Transnistria is not recognized as an independent head of state by the international community.
2007–2011 Valdis Zatlers  Latvia 2011 Latvian presidential election Andris Bērziņš
2007-2012 José Ramos-Horta  East Timor 2012 East Timorese presidential election Taur Matn Ruak
2008–2011 Rupiah Banda  Zambia 2011 Zambian general election Michael Sata
2007–2012 Nicolas Sarkozy  France 2012 French presidential election François Hollande Also ran in 2017 but lost The Republicans primary.
2000–2012 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal 2012 Senegalese presidential election Macky Sall
2004–2012 Boris Tadić  Serbia 2012 Serbian presidential election Tomislav Nikolić
2005-2015 Mahinda Rajapaksa  Sri Lanka 2015 Sri Lankan presidential election Maithripala Sirisena Failed after running for an unprecedented third term after a constitutional amendment. But returned as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka in 2019 after his brother Gotabaya Rajapaksa was elected as the President.
2007–2012 Danilo Türk  Slovenia 2012 Slovenian presidential election Borut Pahor
2012–2014 Joyce Banda  Malawi 2014 Malawian general election Peter Mutharika
2010–2015 Ivo Josipović  Croatia 2014–15 Croatian presidential election Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
2010–2015 Goodluck Jonathan  Nigeria 2015 Nigerian presidential election Muhammadu Buhari
2010–2015 Bronisław Komorowski  Poland 2015 Polish presidential election Andrzej Duda
1994–2017 Yahya Jammeh  The Gambia 2016 Gambian presidential election Adama Barrow Jammeh initially refused to step down, causing the 2016–17 Gambian constitutional crisis and the ECOWAS military intervention in the Gambia.
2012–2017 John Mahama  Ghana 2016 Ghanaian general election Nana Akufo-Addo
2011–2016 Manuel Pinto da Costa  São Tomé and Príncipe 2016 São Toméan presidential election Evaristo Carvalho
2011–2016 Yevgeny Shevchuk  Transnistria 2016 Transnistrian presidential election Vadim Krasnoselsky The President of Transnistria is not recognized as an independent head of state by the international community.
2012–2017 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud  Somalia 2017 Somali presidential election Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
2012–2017 Leonid Tibilov  South Ossetia 2017 South Ossetian presidential election Anatoly Bibilov The President of South Ossetia is only recognized as an independent head of state by the some states.
2014–2018 Hery Rajaonarimampianina  Madagascar 2018 Malagasy presidential election Andry Rajoelina
2014–2019 Petro Poroshenko  Ukraine 2019 Ukrainian presidential election Volodymyr Zelensky
2015–2019 Mauricio Macri  Argentina 2019 Argentine presidential election Alberto Fernández
2014–2020 José Mário Vaz  Guinea-Bissau 2019 Guinea-Bissau presidential election Umaro Sissoco Embaló
2015–2020 Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović  Croatia 2019–20 Croatian presidential election Zoran Milanović

References