List of premiers of Nova Scotia

Liberal Party (Nova Scotia) Progressive Conservative Party (Nova Scotia) Nova Scotia New Democratic Party

The Canadian province of Nova Scotia was a British colony with a system of responsible government since 1848, before it joined Canadian Confederation in 1867. Since Confederation, the province has been a part of the Canadian federation and has kept its own legislature to deal with provincial matters.[1]

Nova Scotia has a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the House of Assembly. The Premier is Nova Scotia's head of government, and the Queen in Right of Nova Scotia is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Nova Scotia, and presides over that body.[1]

Members are first elected to the House during general elections. General elections must be conducted every five years from the date of the last election, but the Premier may ask for early dissolution of the Legislative Assembly. An election may also occur if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[2] Nova Scotia has had 27 individuals serve as premier since Confederation, of which 12 were Conservatives, 14 were Liberals, and one NDP.

Premiers of Nova Scotia

  Confederation Party ‹See Tfd›   Nova Scotia Liberal Party ‹See Tfd›   Nova Scotia New Democratic Party ‹See Tfd›   Progressive Conservative Association of Nova Scotia ‹See Tfd›

Premiers of the Colony of Nova Scotia (1848–1867)
Premier
(party)
Period Assembly Length of tenure
James Boyle Uniacke.jpg 1 James Boyle Uniacke
(Liberal)

(1799-1858)

February 2, 1848
April 4, 1854
18th[N 1] 6 years, 60 days
19th
Hall-WilliamYoung.jpg 2 William Young
(Liberal)

(1799-1887)
(1st of 2 non-consecutive terms)

April 4, 1854
February 24, 1857
2 years, 322 days
20th
James William Johnston.jpg
3 James William Johnston
(Conservative)

(1792-1873)
(1st of 2 non-consecutive terms)

February 24, 1857
February 10, 1860
2 years, 348 days
22nd[N 2]
Hall-WilliamYoung.jpg William Young
(Liberal)
(2nd of 2 non-consecutive terms)
February 10, 1860
August 3, 1860
175 days
Joehowe.JPG 4 Joseph Howe
(Liberal)

(1804-1873)

August 3, 1860
June 11, 1863
2 years, 306 days
James William Johnston.jpg
James William Johnston
(Conservative)
(2nd of 2 non-consecutive terms)
June 11, 1863
May 11, 1864
23rd 335 days
Sir charles tupper.jpg
5 Charles Tupper
(Confederation Party)

(1821-1915)

May 11, 1864
July 4, 1867
3 years, 53 days
Premiers of the Province of Nova Scotia (1867–present)
Premier
(party)
Period Assembly Elections Length of tenure Mandates
1 Hiram Blanchard
(Conservative)

(1820-1874)

July 4, 1867
November 7, 1867
Designated July 4, 1867 88 days 0
William annand.gif
2 William Annand
(Anti-Confederation-Liberal)

(1808-1887)

November 7, 1867
May 11, 1875
24th Elected September 18, 1867 7 years, 182 days 3
25th Re-elected May 16, 1871
26th Re-elected December 17, 1874
Resigned May 8, 1875
3 Philip Carteret Hill
(Liberal)

(1821-1894)

May 11, 1875
October 22, 1878
Designated May 11, 1875 3 years, 157 days 0
Simon Hugh Holmes.jpg
4 Simon Hugh Holmes
(Conservative)

(1831-1919)

October 22, 1878
May 25, 1882
27th Elected September 17, 1878 3 years, 213 days 1
John Thompson.jpg
5 John Sparrow David Thompson
(Conservative)

(1845-1894)

May 25, 1882
August 3, 1882
Designated May 25, 1882
Resigned July 18, 1882
54 days 0
William Thomas Pipes.jpg
6 William Thomas Pipes
(Liberal)

(1850-1909)

August 3, 1882
July 28, 1884
28th Elected June 20, 1882
Resigned July 15, 1884
1 year, 347 days 1
William Stevens Fielding, premier of Nova Scotia.jpg 7 William Stevens Fielding
(Liberal)

(1848-1929)

July 28, 1884
July 20, 1896
Designated July 28, 1884 11 years, 356 days 3
29th Re-elected June 15, 1886
30th Re-elected May 21, 1890
31st Re-elected March 15, 1894
Resigned July 18, 1896
George Henry Murray.jpg
8 George Henry Murray
(Liberal)

(1861-1929)

July 20, 1896
January 24, 1923
Designated July 20, 1896 26 years, 188 days 6
32nd Re-elected April 20, 1897
33rd Re-elected October 2, 1901
34th Re-elected June 20, 1906
35th Re-elected June 14, 1911
36th Re-elected June 20, 1916
37th Re-elected July 27, 1920
Resigned January 24, 1923
9 Ernest Howard Armstrong
(Liberal)

(1864-1946)

January 24, 1923
July 16, 1925
Designated January 24, 1923 2 years, 173 days 0
Edgar Nelson Rhodes.jpg
10 Edgar Nelson Rhodes
(Conservative)

(1877-1942)

July 16, 1925
August 11, 1930
38th Elected June 25, 1925 5 years, 26 days 2
39th Re-elected October 1, 1928
Resigned August 11, 1930
11 Gordon Sidney Harrington
(Conservative)

(1883-1943)

August 11, 1930
September 5, 1933
Designated August 11, 1930 3 years, 25 days 0
Angus L Macdonald portrait.jpg 12 Angus L. Macdonald
(Liberal)

(1890-1954)
(1st of 2 non-consecutive terms)

September 5, 1933
July 10, 1940
40th Elected August 22, 1933 6 years, 309 days 2
41st Re-elected June 29, 1937
Resigned July 10, 1940
13 Alexander Stirling MacMillan
(Liberal)

(1871-1955)

July 10, 1940
September 8, 1945
Designated July 10, 1940 5 years, 60 days 1
42nd Re-elected October 28, 1941
Resigned September 8, 1945
Angus L Macdonald portrait.jpg 14[3][4] Angus L. Macdonald
(Liberal)
(2nd of 2 non-consecutive terms)
September 8, 1945
April 13, 1954
Designated September 8, 1945 8 years, 217 days 3
43rd Elected October 23, 1945
44th Re-elected June 9, 1949
45th Re-elected May 26, 1953
Died April 13, 1954
15 Harold Connolly
(Liberal)

(1901-1980)

April 13, 1954
September 30, 1954
Designated April 13, 1954
Resigned September 30, 1954
170 days 0
16 Henry Hicks
(Liberal)

(1915-1990)

September 30, 1954
November 20, 1956
Designated September 30, 1954 2 years, 51 days 0
HFX Airport 8.jpg 17 Robert Stanfield
(Progressive Conservative)

(1914-2003)

November 20, 1956
September 13, 1967
46th Elected October 30, 1956 10 years, 297 days 4
47th Re-elected June 7, 1960
48th Re-elected October 8, 1963
49th Re-elected May 30, 1967
18 George Isaac Smith
(Progressive Conservative)

(1909-1982)

September 13, 1967
October 28, 1970
Designated September 13, 1967 3 years, 45 days 0
19 Gerald Regan
(Liberal)

(1928-2019)

October 28, 1970
October 5, 1978
50th Elected October 13, 1970 7 years, 342 days 2
51st Re-elected April 2, 1974
20 John Buchanan
(Progressive Conservative)

(1931-2019)

October 5, 1978
September 12, 1990
52nd Elected September 19, 1978 11 years, 342 days 4
53rd Re-elected October 6, 1981
54th Re-elected November 6, 1984
55th Re-elected September 6, 1988
Resigned September 12, 1990
21 Roger Stuart Bacon
(Progressive Conservative)

(b. 1926)

September 12, 1990
February 26, 1991
Designated September 12, 1990
Resigned February 26, 1991
167 days 0
22 Donald William Cameron
(Progressive Conservative)

(b. 1946)

February 26, 1991
June 11, 1993
Designated February 26, 1991 2 years, 105 days 0
23 John Savage
(Liberal)

(1932-2003)

June 11, 1993
July 18, 1997
56th Elected May 25, 1993
Resigned July 18, 1997
4 years, 37 days 1
Russell MacLellan.jpg 24 Russell MacLellan
(Liberal)

(b. 1940)

July 18, 1997
August 16, 1999
Designated July 18, 1997 2 years, 29 days 1
57th Elected March 24, 1998 to a minority government
Jhamm03election.JPG 25 John F. Hamm
(Progressive Conservative)

(b. 1938)

August 16, 1999
February 24, 2006
58th Elected July 27, 1999 6 years, 192 days 2
59th Re-elected August 5, 2003 to a minority government
Resigned February 24, 2006
Rodney MacDonald cropped.png 26 Rodney MacDonald
(Progressive Conservative)

(b. 1972)

February 24, 2006
June 19, 2009
Designated February 24, 2006 to a minority government 3 years, 115 days 1
60th Re-elected June 13, 2006 to a minority government
Darrell Dexter 2.jpg 27 Darrell Dexter
(New Democrat)

(b. 1957)

June 19, 2009[3]
22 October 2013
61st Elected June 9, 2009 4 years, 125 days 1
Stephen McNeil color-balanced.jpg 28 Stephen McNeil
(Liberal)

(b. 1964)

22 October 2013[5]
present
62nd
63rd
Elected October 8, 2013
Re-elected May 30, 2017
6 years, 332 days 2
Stephen McNeilDarrell DexterRodney MacDonaldJohn HammRussell MacLellanJohn Savage (politicianDonald William CameronRoger Stuart BaconJohn BuchananGerald ReganGeorge Isaac SmithRobert StanfieldHenry Hicks (Nova Scotia politician)Harold ConnollyAngus Lewis MacdonaldAlexander Stewart MacMillanAngus Lewis MacdonaldGordon Sidney HarringtonEdgar Nelson RhodesErnest Howard ArmstrongGeorge Henry MurrayWilliam Stevens FieldingWilliam Thomas PipesJohn Sparrow David ThompsonSimon Hugh HolmesPhilip Carteret HillWilliam AnnandHiram Blanchard

Living former premiers

As of November 2019, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Roger S. Bacon (1990–1991, born 1926). The most recent former premier to die was Gerald Regan (1970–1978), on November 26, 2019.

Name Term Date of birth
Roger S. Bacon 1990–1991 (1926-06-29) June 29, 1926 (age 94)
Donald W. Cameron 1991–1993 (1946-05-20) May 20, 1946 (age 74)
Russell MacLellan 1997–1999 (1940-01-16) January 16, 1940 (age 80)
John Hamm 1999–2006 (1938-04-08) April 8, 1938 (age 82)
Rodney MacDonald 2006–2009 (1972-01-02) January 2, 1972 (age 48)
Darrell Dexter 2009–2013 (1957-09-10) September 10, 1957 (age 63)

Notes

  1. ^ Before Nova Scotia had its own system of responsible government, 17 assemblies had already existed.
  2. ^ There was no 21st Assembly. Due to an error made in 1860, the 21st Assembly was referred to as the 22nd, and this mistake has been perpetuated in the numbering of future assemblies.

References

General
  • "Nova Scotia Premiers". The Nova Scotia Legislature. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  • "Nova Scotia General Elections". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved November 6, 2008.
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Nova Scotia". Library and Archives Canada. May 2, 2005. Archived from the original on August 1, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  2. ^ "Bill C-16: An Act to amend the Canada Elections Act". Parliament of Canada. Archived from the original on October 19, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Honourable Darrell Dexter NDP". The Nova Scotia Legislature. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  4. ^ Macdonald is counted 'twice', due to his non-consecutive terms
  5. ^ Stephen McNeil leads Liberals to majority in Nova Scotia. CBC News, October 8, 2013.