Politics of Campania

Democratic Party (Italy) Vincenzo De Luca Campania

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The Politics of Campania, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Regional Council.

Executive branch

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently eight, including a vice president, all appointed by the President.[1]

List of Presidents

Legislative branch

The Regional Council of Campania (Consiglio Regionale della Campania) is composed of 60 members. 48 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 12 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the council with PR, only 6 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 54. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes, special seats are added to the council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Local government



Provincial capitals

Municipality Inhabitants[4] Mayor Party Election
Avellino 54,080 Gianluca Festa Civic 2019
Benevento 59,306 Clemente Mastella Forza Italia 2016
Caserta 75,456 Carlo Marino Democratic Party 2016
Naples 956,917 Luigi de Magistris Democracy and Autonomy 2016
Salerno 133,557 Vincenzo Napoli Democratic Party 2016

Parties and elections

Latest regional election

In the latest regional election, which took place on 31 May 2015, Vincenzo De Luca of the Democratic Party was elected over incumbent President Stefano Caldoro of Forza Italia. The Democrats were narrowly the largest party with 19.5% of the vote, but two civic lists close to De Luca got an additional combined 9.7%.

31 May 2015 Campania regional election results
Campania Regional Council 2015.svg
Candidates Votes % Seats Parties Votes % Seats
Vincenzo De Luca 987,927 41.15 1
Democratic Party 443,879 19.49 15
De Luca for President 111,698 4.90 4
Free Campania 108,921 4.78 3
Democratic CentreCivic Choice 62,975 2.76 2
Union of the Centre 53,628 2.35 2
Italian Socialist Party 49,643 2.18 1
Campania in Network (incl. ApI, New CDU, AS) 34,337 1.50 1
Really–Greens 26,401 1.15 1
Italy of Values (incl. RD) 25,913 1.13 1
Total 917,395 40.29 30
Stefano Caldoro 921,379 38.37 1
Forza Italia 405,773 17.81 7
Caldoro for President (incl. New PSI and PLI) 163,468 7.17 2
New Centre-Right 133,753 5.87 1
Brothers of Italy 124,543 5.46 2
We the South 47,367 2.09
Populars for ItalyItalian Republican Party 17,475 0.76
No More Land of Fire 6,561 0.28
Victims of Justice 5,941 0.26
Total 904,881 39.74 12
Valeria Ciarambino 420,839 17.52 Five Star Movement 387,546 17.01 7
Salvatore Vozza 52,777 2.19 Left at Work (incl. SEL, PRC, PCdI, GI, PDL, PdS) 53,000 2.32
Marco Esposito 17,860 0.74 Mo! Campania Civic List 14,332 0.62
Total candidates 2,400,782 100.00 2 Total parties 2,277,154 100.00 49
Source: Ministry of the Interior


  1. ^ http://www.regione.campania.it/it/regione/giunta
  2. ^ La Repubblica – Regional electoral law
  3. ^ Regional Council of Lombardy – 1999 Constitutional law
  4. ^ "Bilancio demografico anno 2018 (October 2018)". Istat. Retrieved 26 March 2018.