List of countries by unemployment rate

United Kingdom United States France
Unemployment rate per country in 2013

This is a list of countries by unemployment rate. Methods of calculation and presentation of unemployment rate vary from country to country. Some countries count insured unemployed only, some count those in receipt of welfare benefit only, some count the disabled and other permanently unemployable people, some countries count those who choose (and are financially able) not to work, supported by their spouses and caring for a family, some count students at college and so on. There may also be differences in the minimum requirements and some consider people employed even if only marginally associated with employment market (for example, working only one hour per week).[1]

There can be differences in the age limit. For example, Eurostat uses 15 to 74 years old when calculating unemployment rate, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics uses anyone 16 years of age or older (in both cases, people who are under education, retired, on maternity/paternity leave, prevented from working due to health, or do not work but have been inactive in seeking employment in the last four weeks are excluded from the workforce, and therefore not counted as unemployed).[2][3] Unemployment rates are often seasonally adjusted to avoid variations that depend on time of year.[2][3] Employment rate as a percentage of total population in working age is sometimes used instead of unemployment rate.

For purposes of comparison, harmonized values are published by International Labour Organization (ILO) and by OECD. The ILO harmonized unemployment rate refers to those who are currently not working but are willing and able to work for pay, currently available to work, and have actively searched for work. The OECD harmonized unemployment rate gives the number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force. Most unemployment rates given in the table below are derived from national statistics and therefore not directly comparable.

List

Name of Countries Unemployment rate (%) Source / date of information
 Afghanistan 11.1 2019[4]
 Albania 11.9 2020 (Q1)[5]
 Algeria 11.7 2019[4]
 American Samoa (United States) 18.0 2012[6]
 Andorra 3.7 2016[7]
 Angola 6.9 2019[4]
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 7.8 2013 (July)[8]
 Antigua and Barbuda 11.0 2014[7]
 Argentina 10.4 2020 (Q1)[9]
 Armenia 18.9 2019[10]
 Aruba (Netherlands) 7.7 2016[11]
 Australia 7.1 2020 (May)[12]
 Austria 5.4 2020 (May)[13]
 Azerbaijan 5.5 2019[4]
 The Bahamas 10.4 2019[4]
 Bahrain 0.7 2019[4]
 Bangladesh 4.2[a] 2019[4]
 Barbados 10.3 2019[4]
 Belarus 4.6 2019[4]
 Belgium 5.4 2020 (May)[13]
 Belize 6.4 2019[4]
 Benin 2.2 2019[4]
 Bermuda 7.0 2017[7]
 Bhutan 2.3 2019[4]
 Bolivia 3.5 2019[4]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.4 2019[4]
 Botswana 18.2 2019[4]
 Brazil 12.2 2020 (Q1)[14]
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 2.9 2015[7]
 Brunei 9.1 2019[4]
 Bulgaria 9.0 2020 (May)[15]
 Burkina Faso 6.3 2019[4]
 Burma 1.6 2019[4]
 Burundi 1.4 2019[4]
 Cambodia 0.7[b] 2019[4]
 Cameroon 3.4 2019[4]
 Canada 7.5 2020[17]
 Cape Verde 12.2 2019[4]
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 3.5 2019[18]
 Central African Republic 3.7 2019[4]
 Chad 1.9 2019[4]
 Chile 13.1 2020 (April)[19]
 China, People's Republic of 5.9 2020 (May)[20]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 6.7 2011[21]
 Colombia 19.8 2020 (April)[22]
 Comoros 4.3 2019[4]
 Congo 9.5 2019[4]
 DR Congo 4.2 2019[4]
 Cook Islands 13.1 2005[7]
 Costa Rica 12.4 2020 (Q1)[23]
 Croatia 9.5 2020 (May)[24]
 Cuba 1.6 2019[4]
 Cyprus 8.9 2020 (April)[13]
 Czech Republic 3.4 2020 (April)[25]
 Denmark 5.0 2020 (May)[13]
 Djibouti 10.3 2019[4]
 Dominica 23.0 2016[26]
 Dominican Republic 5.8 2019[4]
 East Timor 4.5 2019[4]
 Ecuador 4.9 2019 (Q4)[27]
 Egypt 7.7 2020 (Q1)[28]
 El Salvador 4.1 2019[4]
 Equatorial Guinea 6.4 2019[4]
 Eritrea 5.1 2019[4]
 Estonia 6.0 2020 (April)[13]
 Eswatini 22.1 2019[4]
 Ethiopia 2.1 2019[4]
 European Union 6.7 2020 (May)[13]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 0.9 2019 (September)[29]
 Fiji 4.1 2019[4]
 Finland 10.6 2020 (May)[30]
 France 8.1 2020 (May)[13]
 French Polynesia (France) 12.1 2019[4]
 Gabon 20.0 2019[4]
 The Gambia 9.1 2019[4]
 Georgia 12.8 2019 (Q1)[31]
 Germany 3.9 2020 (May)[13]
 Ghana 4.3 2019[4]
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 1.0 2016[32]
 Greece 14.4 2020 (March)[13]
 Greenland (Denmark) 6.8 2017[33]
 Grenada 24.0 2017[34]
 Guam (United States) 4.5 2017[7]
 Guatemala 2.5 2019[4]
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 1.0 2018 (Q2)[35]
 Guinea 4.3 2019[4]
 Guinea-Bissau 2.5 2019[4]
 Guyana 11.9 2019[4]
 Haiti 13.8 2019[4]
 Honduras 5.4 2019[4]
 Hong Kong 5.9 2020 (May)[36]
 Hungary 4.1 2020 (April)[13]
 Iceland 4.5 2020 (May)[13]
 India 8.5 2020 (June)[37]
 Indonesia 5.0 2020 (Q1)[38]
 Iran 11.4 2019[4]
 Iraq 12.8 2019[4]
 Ireland 5.3 2020 (June)[13]
 Isle of Man 5.0 2020 (July)[39]
 Israel 4.2 2020 (May)[40]
 Italy 7.8 2020 (May)[13]
 Ivory Coast 3.3 2019[4]
 Jamaica 8.0 2019[4]
 Japan 2.6 2020 (April)[41]
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 1.6 2020 (March)[42][43]
 Jordan 14.7 2019[4]
 Kazakhstan 4.8 2020 (May)[44]
 Kenya 2.6 2019[4]
 Kiribati 30.6 2010[7]
 Kosovo 25.9 2019 (Q4)[45]
 Kuwait 2.2 2019[4]
 Kyrgyzstan 6.3 2019[4]
 Laos 0.6 2019[4]
 Latvia 9.8 2020 (May)[13]
 Lebanon 6.2 2019[4]
 Lesotho 23.4 2019[4]
 Liberia 2.8 2019[4]
 Libya 18.6 2019[4]
 Liechtenstein 1.5 2019[46]
 Lithuania 9.3 2020 (May)[13]
 Luxembourg 7.7 2020 (May)[13]
 Macau (People's Republic of China) 2.2 2019[4]
 Madagascar 1.8 2019[4]
 Malawi 5.7 2019[4]
 Malaysia 5.0 2020 (April)[47]
 Maldives 6.1 2019[4]
 Mali 7.2 2019[4]
 Malta 4.0 2020 (April)[13]
 Marshall Islands 36.0 2006[7]
 Mauritania 9.5 2019[4]
 Mauritius 6.7 2019[4]
 Mayotte (France) 30.0 2017[48]
 Mexico 3.3 2020 (March)[49]
 Federated States of Micronesia 16.2 2010[7]
 Moldova 4.1 2020 (Q1)[50]
 Monaco 2.0 2012[7]
 Mongolia 6.0 2019[4]
 Montenegro 18.2 2020 (May)[51]
 Montserrat (United Kingdom) 5.6 2017[7]
 Morocco 10.5 2020 (Q1)[52]
 Mozambique 3.2 2019[4]
 Namibia 20.3 2019[4]
 Nauru 23.0 2011[53]
   Nepal 11.4 2019[4]
 Netherlands 3.6 2020 (May)[13]
 Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands) 21.2 2019 (April)[54]
 New Caledonia (France) 12.8 2019[4]
 New Zealand 4.2 2020 (Q1)[55]
 Nicaragua 6.8 2019[4]
 Niger 0.5 2019[4]
 Nigeria 23.1 2018 (Q3)[56]
 Niue 10.7 2006[57]
 North Korea 2.7 2019[4]
 North Macedonia 17.8 2019 [58]
 Northern Mariana Islands (United States) 11.2 2010[7]
 Norway 8.8 2020 (May)[59]
 Oman 2.7 2019[4]
 Pakistan 4.5 2019[4]
 Palau 1.7 2015[7]
 Palestine 25.3 2019[60]
 Panama 3.9 2019[4]
 Papua New Guinea 2.5 2019[4]
 Paraguay 5.7 2019 (Q4)[61]
 Peru 13.1 2020 (May)[62]
 Philippines 17.7 2020 (Q2)[63]
 Poland 3.0 2019 (May)[13]
 Portugal 5.5 2019 (May)[13]
 Puerto Rico (United States) 8.8 2020 (February)[64]
 Qatar 0.1 2019[4]
 Romania 5.2 2020 (May)[13]
 Russia 6.1 2020 (May)[65]
 Rwanda 13.1 2020 (Q1)[66]
 Saint Helena (United Kingdom) 14.0 1998[7]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 5.1 2006[67]
 Saint Lucia 15.7 2006[68]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 8.7 2015[7]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 18.8 2008[7]
 Samoa 8.4 2019[4]
 San Marino 8.0 2017[7]
 São Tomé and Príncipe 13.4 2019[4]
 Saudi Arabia 5.7 2019 (Q3)[69]
 Senegal 6.6 2019[4]
 Serbia 7.3 2020 (Q2)[70]
 Sierra Leone 4.4 2019[4]
 Singapore 2.4 2020 (Q1)[71]
 Slovakia 6.5 2020 (May)[13]
 Slovenia 4.8 2020 (May)[13]
Somalia Somalia 11.4 2019[4]
 South Africa 30.1 2020 (Q1)[72]
 South Korea 4.5 2020 (May)[73]
 South Sudan 12.2 2019[4]
 Spain 14.5 2020 (May)[13]
 Sri Lanka 4.5 2019 (Q4)[74]
 Sudan 16.5 2019[4]
 Suriname 7.3 2019[4]
 Sweden 8.5 2020 (May)[13]
  Switzerland 4.4 2020 (March)[13]
 Syria 8.4 2019[4]
 Taiwan 4.1 2020 (May)[75]
 Tajikistan 11.0 2019[4]
 Tanzania 2.0 2019[4]
 Thailand 1.0 2020 (March)[76]
 Togo 2.0 2019[4]
 Tonga 1.1 2019[4]
 Trinidad and Tobago 2.7 2019[4]
 Tunisia 15.1 2020 (Q1)[77]
 Turkey 13.2 2020 (March)[78]
 Turkmenistan 3.9 2019[4]
 Uganda 1.8 2019[4]
 Ukraine [c] 8.6 2020 (Q1)[79]
 United Arab Emirates 2.3 2019[4]
 United Kingdom 3.8 2020 (March)[13]
 United States 8.4[80] 2020 (September)[81]
 Uruguay 9.7 2020 (April)[82]
 Uzbekistan 8.9 2019 (Q3)[83]
 Vanuatu 4.4 2019[4]
 Venezuela 8.8[d] 2019[4]
 Vietnam 2.2 2019 (Q4)[85]
 U.S. Virgin Islands (United States) 8.7 2019[4]
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 8.8 2013[7]
 Yemen 12.9 2019[4]
 Zambia 11.4 2019[4]
 Zimbabwe 5.0 2019[4]

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  3. ^ Excluding territories in dispute.
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