List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

European Union Gross domestic product United States dollar
Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000–$60,000
  $40,000–$50,000
  $30,000–$40,000
  $20,000–$30,000
  $10,000–$20,000
  $5,000–$10,000
  $2,500–$5,000
  $1,000–$2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] however, this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2019 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2018)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg (EU) 113,196
2   Switzerland 83,716
 Macau 81,151
3  Norway 77,975
4  Ireland (EU) 77,771
5  Qatar 69,687
6  Iceland 67,037
7  United States 65,111
8  Singapore 63,987
9  Denmark (EU) 59,795
10  Australia 53,825
11  Netherlands (EU) 52,367
12  Sweden (EU) 51,241
13  Austria (EU) 50,022
 Hong Kong 49,334
14  Finland (EU) 48,868
15  San Marino 47,279
16  Germany (EU) 46,563
17  Canada 46,212
18  Belgium (EU) 45,175
19  Israel 42,823
20  France (EU) 41,760
21  United Kingdom 41,030
22  Japan 40,846
23  New Zealand 40,634
24  United Arab Emirates 37,749
25  Bahamas, The 33,261
26  Italy (EU) 32,946
 Puerto Rico 31,538
27  South Korea 31,430
28  Malta (EU) 30,650
29  Spain (EU) 29,961
30  Kuwait 29,266
31  Brunei 27,871
32  Cyprus (EU) 27,719
33  Slovenia (EU) 26,170
 Aruba 25,976
34  Bahrain 25,273
 Taiwan 24,827
35  Estonia (EU) 23,523
36  Czech Republic (EU) 23,213
37  Portugal (EU) 23,030
38  Saudi Arabia 22,865
39  Greece (EU) 19,974
40  Slovakia (EU) 19,547
41  Lithuania (EU) 19,266
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,245
43  Latvia (EU) 18,171
44  Antigua and Barbuda 18,109
45  Barbados 18,069
46  Oman 17,791
47  Hungary (EU) 17,463
48  Seychelles 17,052
49  Uruguay 17,029
50  Palau 16,736
51  Trinidad and Tobago 16,365
52  Panama 16,245
53  Chile 15,399
54  Maldives 15,562
55  Croatia (EU) 14,949
56  Poland (EU) 14,901
57  Romania (EU) 12,482
58  Costa Rica 12,014
59  Grenada 11,381
60  Mauritius 11,360
World 11,355
61  Russia 11,162
62  Malaysia 11,136
63  Saint Lucia 11,075
64  Mexico 10,118
65  China 10,098
66  Argentina 9,887
67  Lebanon 9,654
68  Bulgaria (EU) 9,518
69  Kazakhstan 9,139
70  Turkey 8,957
71  Equatorial Guinea 8,927
72  Brazil 8,796
73  Montenegro 8,703
74  Dominican Republic 8,629
75  Dominica 8,380
76  Nauru 8,270
77  Gabon 8,112
78  Botswana 7,859
79  Turkmenistan 7,816
80  Thailand 7,791
81  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,750
82  Serbia 7,397
83  Peru 7,046
84  Belarus 6,603
85  Colombia 6,508
86  Fiji 6,379
87  Suriname 6,310
88  Ecuador 6,249
89  South Africa 6,100
90  North Macedonia 6,096
91  Namibia 5,842
92  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,741
93  Iraq 5,738
94  Paraguay 5,692
95  Iran 5,506
96  Jamaica 5,460
97  Albania 5,372
98  Guyana 5,252
99  Libya 5,019
100  Belize 4,925
101  Tonga 4,862
102  Azerbaijan 4,689
103  Guatemala 4,616
104  Armenia 4,527
105  Samoa 4,500
 Kosovo 4,442
106  Jordan 4,386
107  Georgia 4,289
108  Eswatini 4,176
109  Indonesia 4,163
110  Mongolia 4,132
111  El Salvador 4,008
112  Algeria 3,980
113  Sri Lanka 3,946
114  Marshall Islands 3,924
115  Tuvalu 3,834
116  Micronesia 3,717
117  Bolivia 3,670
118  Cape Verde 3,598
119  Ukraine 3,592
120  Bhutan 3,423
121  Morocco 3,345
122  Moldova 3,300
123  Philippines 3,294
124  Tunisia 3,287
125  Vanuatu 3,260
126  Egypt 3,046
127  Angola 3,037
128  Djibouti 2,936
129  Papua New Guinea 2,742
130  Vietnam 2,740
131  Laos 2,670
132  Honduras 2,548
133  Venezuela 2,547
134  Congo, Republic of the 2,534
135  East Timor 2,262
136  Solomon Islands 2,246
137  Ghana 2,223
138  Nigeria 2,222
139  India 2,171
140  Kenya 1,997
141  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,933
142  Nicaragua 1,919
143  Bangladesh 1,905
144  Uzbekistan 1,831
145  Côte d'Ivoire 1,691
146  Cambodia 1,620
147  Kiribati 1,574
148  Cameroon 1,514
149  Senegal 1,427
150  Mauritania 1,392
151  Pakistan 1,388
152  Comoros 1,349
153  Lesotho 1,338
154  Zambia 1,307
155  Kyrgyzstan 1,292
156  Myanmar 1,244
157  Benin 1,216
158  Tanzania 1,104
159    Nepal 1,047
160  Guinea 981
161  Ethiopia 953
162  Yemen 943
163  Mali 924
164  Tajikistan 877
165  Chad 861
166  Zimbabwe 859
167  Rwanda 824
168  Guinea-Bissau 786
169  Haiti 784
170  Uganda 770
171  Gambia, The 755
172  Burkina Faso 717
173  Sudan 714
174  Liberia 703
175  Togo 671
176  Sierra Leone 546
177  Afghanistan 513
178  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 500
179  Mozambique 484
180  Madagascar 463
181  Central African Republic 447
182  Niger 405
183  Malawi 370
184  Eritrea 342
185  Burundi 309
186  South Sudan 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Monaco (2018) 185,741
2  Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
3  Luxembourg (EU) 114,705
 Macau 84,096
4   Switzerland 81,994
5  Ireland (EU) 78,661
6  Norway 75,420
7  Iceland 66,945
8  United States 65,281
9  Singapore 65,233
10  Qatar 64,782
11  Denmark (EU) 59,822
12  Australia 54,907
13  Netherlands (EU) 52,448
14  Sweden (EU) 51,610
15  Austria (EU) 50,277
 Hong Kong 48,756
16  Finland (EU) 48,686
17  San Marino (2018) 48,481
18  Germany (EU) 46,259
19  Canada 46,195
20  Belgium (EU) 46,117
21  Israel 43,641
22  United Arab Emirates 43,103
23  United Kingdom 42,300
24  New Zealand 42,084
25  Andorra 40,886
26  France (EU) 40,494
27  Japan 40,247
 European Union 34,843
28  Italy (EU) 33,190
29  Bahamas, The 32,934
 Puerto Rico 32,874
30  Kuwait 32,032
31  Korea, South 31,762
32  Brunei 31,087
33  Spain (EU) 29,614
34  Malta (EU) 29,416
35  Cyprus (EU) 27,858
36  Slovenia (EU) 25,739
37  Estonia (EU) 23,660
38  Bahrain 23,504
39  Portugal (EU) 23,145
40  Saudi Arabia 23,140
41  Czech Republic (EU) 23,102
42  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
43  Greece (EU) 19,583
44  Lithuania (EU) 19,456
45  Slovakia (EU) 19,329
46  Barbados 18,148
47  Latvia (EU) 17,836
48  Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
49  Seychelles 17,402
50  Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
51  Hungary (EU) 16,476
52  Uruguay 16,190
53  Venezuela (2014) 16,055
54  Palau 15,859
55  Panama 15,731
56  Poland (EU) 15,595
57  Oman 15,474
58  Chile 14,897
59  Croatia (EU) 14,853
60  Romania (EU) 12,920
61  Costa Rica 12,238
62  Saint Lucia 11,611
63  Russia 11,585
World 11,436
64  Malaysia 11,415
65  Mauritius 11,204
66  Grenada 10,966
67  Maldives 10,791
68  China 10,262
69  Argentina 10,006
70  Mexico 9,863
71  Bulgaria (EU) 9,738
72  Kazakhstan 9,731
73  Nauru 9,397
74  Turkey 9,043
75  Montenegro 8,832
76  Cuba (2018) 8,822
77  Brazil 8,717
78  Dominica 8,300
79  Dominican Republic 8,282
80  Equatorial Guinea 8,132
81  Botswana 7,961
82  Thailand 7,808
83  Lebanon 7,784
84  Libya 7,684
85  Gabon 7,667
86  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
87  Serbia 7,402
88  Peru 6,978
89  Turkmenistan 6,967
90  Suriname 6,855
91  Belarus 6,663
92  Colombia 6,432
93  Fiji 6,220
94  Ecuador 6,184
95  North Macedonia 6,093
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
97  South Africa 6,001
98  Iraq 5,955
99  Jamaica 5,582
100  Iran (2017) 5,520
101  Guyana 5,468
102  Paraguay 5,415
103  Albania 5,353
104  Namibia 4,958
105  Belize 4,815
106  Azerbaijan 4,794
107  Georgia 4,769
108  Armenia 4,623
109  Guatemala 4,620
110  Moldova 4,499
 Kosovo 4,418
111  Tonga (2018) 4,364
112  Jordan 4,330
113  Samoa 4,316
114  Mongolia 4,295
115  El Salvador 4,187
116  Indonesia 4,136
117  Tuvalu 4,059
118  Algeria 3,948
119  Sri Lanka 3,853
120  Eswatini 3,837
121  Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
122  Ukraine 3,659
123  Cape Verde 3,604
124  Micronesia (2018) 3,568
125  Bolivia 3,552
126  Philippines 3,485
127  Djibouti 3,409
128  Tunisia 3,318
129  Bhutan (2008) 3,243
130  Morocco 3,204
 West Bank and Gaza (2008) 3,199
131  Vanuatu 3,058
132  Egypt 3,020
133  Angola 2,974
134  Papua New Guinea 2,845
135  Vietnam 2,715
136  Honduras 2,575
137  Laos 2,535
138  Côte d'Ivoire 2,286
139  Nigeria 2,230
140  Ghana 2,202
141  Solomon Islands 2,128
142  India 2,104
143  Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144  Congo, Republic of the 2,011
145  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
146  Nicaragua 1,913
147  Bangladesh 1,856
148  Kenya 1,817
149  Uzbekistan 1,725
150  Mauritania 1,678
151  Kiribati 1,655
152  Cambodia 1,643
153  Cameroon 1,498
154  Zimbabwe 1,464
155  Senegal 1,447
156  Myanmar 1,408
157  Comoros 1,394
158  Kyrgyzstan 1,309
159  East Timor 1,294
160  Zambia 1,291
161  Pakistan 1,285
162  Benin 1,219
163  Lesotho 1,158
164  Tanzania 1,122
165    Nepal 1,071
166  Guinea 1,064
167  Yemen 968
168  Mali 891
169  Tajikistan 871
170  Ethiopia 858
171  Rwanda 802
172  Uganda 777
173  Burkina Faso 775
174  Haiti 755
175  Gambia, The 751
176  Chad 710
177  Guinea-Bissau 698
178  Togo 676
179  Liberia 622
180  Niger 555
181  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
182  Madagascar 522
183  Sierra Leone 505
184  Afghanistan 502
185  Mozambique 492
186  Central African Republic 468
187  Sudan 442
188  Malawi 412
189  Burundi 261
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Monaco 185,835
2  Liechtenstein 179,258
3  Luxembourg (EU) 117,370
 Bermuda 101,208
 Macau 86,355
 Cayman Islands 85,474
4   Switzerland 82,709
5  Norway 81,336
6  Ireland (EU) 79,415
7  Iceland 76,867
8  Qatar 68,794
9  United States 62,918
10  Singapore 62,721
11  Denmark (EU) 61,834
12  Australia 58,393
13  Sweden (EU) 55,767
 Greenland 53,950
14  Netherlands (EU) 53,583
15  Austria (EU) 51,230
16  Finland (EU) 50,136
 Hong Kong 49,199
 Virgin Islands, British 48,511
17  San Marino 48,473
18  Germany (EU) 47,514
19  Belgium (EU) 47,293
20  Canada 46,192
21  Israel 44,215
22  New Zealand 43,836
23  United Arab Emirates 43,005
24  United Kingdom 42,526
25  Andorra 42,052
26  France (EU) 41,358
27  Japan 39,082
 New Caledonia 36,335
28  Italy (EU) 34,389
29  Kuwait 34,249
30  Korea, South 33,622
 Puerto Rico 33,271
31  Malta (EU) 33,123
32  Bahamas, The 32,218
33  Brunei 31,627
34  Spain (EU) 30,406
 Aruba 30,262
 Europe 29,279
35  Cyprus (EU) 28,968
Americas 27,722
 Turks and Caicos Islands 27,142
36  Slovenia (EU) 26,005
37  Bahrain 24,134
38  Portugal (EU) 23,478
39  Estonia (EU) 23,242
40  Saudi Arabia 23,217
41  Czech Republic (EU) 22,992
 French Polynesia 21,968
42  Greece (EU) 20,731
 Cook Islands 20,705
 Anguilla 19,891
43  Slovakia (EU) 19,431
44  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,275
 Curaçao 19,219
45  Lithuania (EU) 19,083
46  Oman 19,073
47  Latvia (EU) 17,852
48  Barbados 17,746
49  Uruguay 17,278
50  Trinidad and Tobago 17,130
51  Antigua and Barbuda 16,727
52  Seychelles 16,378
53  Hungary (EU) 16,264
54  Chile 15,923
55  Palau 15,859
56  Panama 15,575
57  Poland (EU) 15,444
58  Croatia (EU) 14,674
 Montserrat 12,754
59  Romania (EU) 12,281
60  Costa Rica 12,027
61  Nauru 11,876
62  Argentina 11,688
63  Russia 11,394
64  Malaysia 11,373
World 11,232
65  Mauritius 11,222
66  Saint Lucia 10,566
67  Grenada 10,486
68  Maldives 10,331
69  Equatorial Guinea 10,179
70  Kazakhstan 9,790
71  Mexico 9,695
72  China 9,532
73  Bulgaria (EU) 9,388
74  Turkey 9,368
75  Brazil 8,921
76  Cuba 8,822
77  Montenegro 8,772
 South America 8,746
Central America 8,503
78  Botswana 8,258
79  Lebanon 8,224
80  Gabon 8,019
81  Dominica 7,691
82  Dominican Republic 7,650
83  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,361
84  Thailand 7,274
85  Venezuela 7,212
86  Serbia 7,209
87  Turkmenistan 6,965
88  Peru 6,947
89  Colombia 6,650
90  South Africa 6,369
91  Ecuador 6,345
92  Belarus 6,312
93  Fiji 6,267
94  North Macedonia 6,063
95  Suriname 6,004
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,951
97  Namibia 5,930
98  Iran 5,795
99  Iraq 5,783
100  Jamaica 5,523
101  Albania 5,354
102  Guyana 5,224
103  Libya 5,147
104  Belize 4,901
105  Tonga 4,886
106  Guatemala 4,885
107  Azerbaijan 4,718
108  Samoa 4,549
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,539
 Kosovo 4,453
109  Georgia 4,397
110  Paraguay 4,250
111  Jordan 4,238
112  Armenia 4,212
113  Sri Lanka 4,190
114  Eswatini 4,146
115  Algeria 4,115
116  Mongolia 4,104
117  El Salvador 4,058
118  Tuvalu 4,001
119  Indonesia 3,893
120  Marshall Islands 3,667
121  Cape Verde 3,635
122  Bolivia 3,549
123  Bhutan 3,524
124  Tunisia 3,450
125  Angola 3,437
 Palestine 3,347
126  Micronesia 3,296
127  Morocco 3,273
128  Philippines 3,103
129  Djibouti 3,049
130  Vanuatu 3,037
131  Ukraine 2,957
132  Moldova 2,791
133  Congo, Republic of the 2,703
134  Papua New Guinea 2,681
135  Vietnam 2,563
136  Laos 2,542
137  Egypt 2,538
138  Honduras 2,500
139  Ghana 2,202
140  Nigeria 2,154
141  India 2,055
142  East Timor 2,036
143  Nicaragua 2,029
144  Eritrea 1,985
145  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,948
146  Solomon Islands 1,947
Africa 1,856
147  Mauritania 1,730
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,716
149  Kenya 1,710
150  Zimbabwe 1,684
151  Bangladesh 1,671
152  Kiribati 1,627
153  Zambia 1,572
154  Uzbekistan 1,555
155  Cameroon 1,534
156  Cambodia 1,512
157  Senegal 1,502
158  Comoros 1,401
159  Myanmar 1,354
160  Pakistan 1,330
161  Kyrgyzstan 1,284
162  Lesotho 1,248
163  Sudan 1,208
164  Tanzania 1,044
165    Nepal 991
166  Syria 981
167  Guinea 938
168  Yemen 936
169  Benin 907
170  Mali 900
171  Haiti 835
172  Tajikistan 827
173  Burkina Faso 820
174  Guinea-Bissau 778
175  Rwanda 773
176  South Sudan 748
177  Chad 736
178  Ethiopia 735
179  Gambia, The 716
180  Uganda 704
181  Korea, North 688
182  Togo 655
183  Niger 571
184  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 561
185  Afghanistan 552
186  Sierra Leone 536
187  Madagascar 527
188  Mozambique 499
189  Central African Republic 481
190  Liberia 440
191  Malawi 397
192  Burundi 294
193  Somalia 100

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. ^ [2], (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2018 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 1 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used