List of countries by Fragile States Index

Fund for Peace The Gambia Fragile States Index
Countries according to the 2020 Fragile States Index
  Very high alert
  High alert
  Alert
  High warning
  Elevated warning
  Warning
  Stable
  More stable
  Very stable
  Sustainable
  Very sustainable
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Fragile States Index (formerly the Failed States Index) of the United States think tank Fund for Peace.

A fragile state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; and sharp economic decline.[1] Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy. The list has been cited by journalists and academics in making broad comparative points about countries or regions.[2][3]

This is the list for 2020,[4] with comparisons of each country's current score to previous years' indices.

The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation, including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.

Indicators of a fragile state

The following factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.[5]

Social

Economic

Political

Fragile States Index 2013–2020

Very high alert
Rank Country 2020 score[4] Change from 2019[6] Change from 2018[7] Change from 2017[8] Change from 2016[9] Change from 2015[10] Change from 2014

[11]

Change from 2013[12]
1  Yemen 112.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 4.6 Negative increase 7.3 Negative increase 5.7
2  Somalia 110.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.7
3  South Sudan 110.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 2.8
4  Syria 110.7 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 9.8 Negative increase 14.0


High alert
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
5  Democratic Republic of the Congo 109.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.2
6  Central African Republic 107.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 5.8
7  Chad 106.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.7
8  Sudan 104.8 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.3
9  Afghanistan 102.9 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.3 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.1
Alert
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
10  Zimbabwe 99.2 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.8 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.3 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.9
11  Cameroon 97.9 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.7 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 2.2 Negative increase 1.8
12  Burundi 97.9 Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 0.2
13  Haiti 97.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.8
14  Nigeria 97.3 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 2.5 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 0.8
15  Guinea 97.2 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.3
16  Mali 96.0 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 3.8 Negative increase 4.3
17  Iraq 95.9 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Steady Positive decrease 1.7
18  Eritrea 95.8 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 2.2
19  Niger 95.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Steady Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.8
20  Libya 95.2 Negative increase 3.0 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 6.8 Negative increase 10.1
21  Ethiopia 94.6 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 1.5 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 0.7
22  Myanmar 94.0 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 1.5
23  Guinea-Bissau 92.9 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.0
24  Uganda 92.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.5
25  Republic of the Congo 92.1 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 3.1
25  Pakistan 92.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 6.7 Positive decrease 6.6
27  Mozambique 91.7 Negative increase 3.0 Steady Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 1.8 Negative increase 2.8 Negative increase 5.9
28  Venezuela 91.2 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 3.3 Negative increase 4.6 Negative increase 7.6 Negative increase 9.5 Negative increase 10.9
29  Kenya 90.3 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Negative increase 1.0 Positive decrease 0.9 Steady Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.2
30  North Korea 90.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.9
31  Liberia 90.0 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.5
High warning
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
32  Cote d'Ivoire 89.7 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 7.1 Positive decrease 8.9
33  Mauritania 88.7 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.5
34  Angola 87.3 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 1.3 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 2.3
35  Egypt 86.0 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.9
35  Rwanda 86.0 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Steady
37  Burkina Faso 85.9 Negative increase 2.0 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.7
38  Togo 85.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 1.3 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.6
39  Bangladesh 85.7 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.6 Negative increase 1.2 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.2
40  Lebanon 84.7 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 0.5
41  Zambia 84.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 0.9 Negative increase 2.0 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.6
42  Sierra Leone 84.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.
43  Malawi 84.0 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 3.7
44  Iran 83.4 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 5.4
45  Equatorial Guinea 83.0 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.7
45  Eswatini 83.0 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 1.9
47  Timor-Leste 82.7 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.2
47  Djibouti 82.7 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Steady Negative increase 1.6
49    Nepal 82.6 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.9
50  Papua New Guinea 82.3 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.1
51  Gambia 82.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 1.7 Negative increase 4.0 Negative increase 5.3
52  Sri Lanka 81.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 5.7 Positive decrease 7.7 Positive decrease 8.0
53  Comoros 81.2 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.4
54  Philippines 81.0 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 2.7
55  Cambodia 80.3 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 4.0
Elevated warning
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
56  Solomon Islands 79.7 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 2.1
57  Guatemala 79.2 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.4 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 1.1
58  Madagascar 79.5 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.6 Steady Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 0.9
59  Turkey 79.1 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 4.9 Negative increase 7.7 Negative increase 8.1 Negative increase 6.3
60  Lesotho 78.3 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 0.2 Negative increase 1.5 Negative increase 0.7
61  Tanzania 78.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7
62  Nicaragua 77.1 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 2.8 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.9
63  Laos 76.9 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 3.0
64  Honduras 76.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.0
65  Colombia 76.6 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.9 Positive decrease 6.5 Positive decrease 7.2
66  Tajikistan 75.5 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 5.7
67  Jordan 75.4 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.1 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 1.1
68  India 75.3 Negative increase 0.9 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.2
69  Israel/ West Bank
(weighted average)
75.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.3
70  Bolivia 75.0 Negative increase 2.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 5.6
71  Algeria 74.6 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 2.9
71  Senegal 74.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 1.8
73  Kyrgyzstan 73.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 7.1
74  Uzbekistan 73.1 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.3 Positive decrease 7.2 Positive decrease 7.8
75  Brazil 73.0 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 3.1 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 3.4 Negative increase 6.1 Negative increase 7.3 Negative increase 6.6
76  Russia 72.6 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.1
77  Benin 72.5 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.2
78  Azerbaijan 71.3 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.6
79  Georgia 71.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 8.7 Positive decrease 10.2
79  Morocco 71.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.3
79  Micronesia 71.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.7 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 0.2 Negative increase 1.5
82  Thailand 70.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.1
83  São Tomé and Príncipe 70.3 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.0 Steady Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 2.5
84  Bosnia and Herzegovina 70.2 Positive decrease 1.1 Steady Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 6.1 Positive decrease 4.6 Positive decrease 5.2
85  South Africa 70.1 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 5.9 Negative increase 6.3 Negative increase 5.3
Warning
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
86  Fiji 69.9 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 6.3
86  China 69.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 8.5
88  Bhutan 69.5 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 7.5
89  Ecuador 69.4 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 4.4
90  Turkmenistan 69.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 4.1
90  Gabon 69.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.3 Negative increase 0.5 Negative increase 1.2 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 0.4
93  Ukraine 69.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 3.7 Negative increase 5.4 Negative increase 6.7
93  El Salvador 68.9 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.0
94  Saudi Arabia 68.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 2.5
95  Tunisia 68.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 4.4
96  Indonesia 67.8 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 5.9
97  Peru 67.6 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.2
98  Mexico 67.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Negative increase 1.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 1.6
99  Maldives 66.2 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 3.0
100  Serbia 66.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 5.7 Positive decrease 3.9 Positive decrease 6.3
101  Guyana 66.0 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.4
101  Moldova 66.0 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 7.0
103  Belarus 65.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 6.2
104  Paraguay 65.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.0
105  Namibia 65.1 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 1.6
106  Cape Verde 64.8 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.5 Positive decrease 6.1 Positive decrease 5.7
107  Dominican Republic 64.4 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.0 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 4.0
108  Armenia 64.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.8
108  Ghana 64.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.0
110  Vietnam 63.9 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 4.3 Positive decrease 4.7
110  Bahrain 63.9 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.3 Negative increase 1.5
112  Samoa 63.3 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 3.2
113  North Macedonia 62.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.2 Negative increase 0.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.2
114  Belize 60.8 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 3.5
115  Suriname 60.1 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.4 Positive decrease 6.6 Positive decrease 7.2
116  Jamaica 60.0 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5
Stable
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
117  Kazakhstan 59.8 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 4.9 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 6.4
118  Cuba 59.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 4.5 Positive decrease 7.9 Positive decrease 9.9
119  Albania 58.8 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.1
120  Malaysia 57.6 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.5
121  Botswana 57.1 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.0
122  Brunei 56.6 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 3.4
123  Cyprus 56.1 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 5.9 Positive decrease 7.6 Positive decrease 6.7
124  Montenegro 55.5 Negative increase 0.2 Steady Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 1.1 Positive decrease 0.4 Negative increase 0.9
125  Grenada 55.2 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 4.7
126  Seychelles 54.7 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 6.9 Positive decrease 7.2
127  Greece 52.1 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 2.7 Negative increase 3.2 Negative increase 4.7
127  Antigua and Barbuda 52.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.2 Negative increase 0.8 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 2.4
129  Trinidad and Tobago 51.9 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 6.7 Positive decrease 8.0
129  Mongolia 51.9 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 2.9
131  Kuwait 50.9 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.7
More stable
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
132  Bahamas 49.9 Negative increase 1.1 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 4.7
133  Bulgaria 49.2 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 3.3
134  Oman 48.0 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.6 Negative increase 0.1 Negative increase 1.0 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.5 Negative increase 0.6
135  Hungary 47.6 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.5 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 2.6
136  Romania 46.7 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 4.8 Positive decrease 7.5 Positive decrease 8.0
137  Barbados 46.4 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 2.6
138  Croatia 46.1 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 5.4
139  Argentina 46.1 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Steady
140  Panama 46.0 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 5.1 Positive decrease 6.2 Positive decrease 6.3
141  Qatar 43.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.7 Negative increase 4.1 Negative increase 3.0 Negative increase 1.8 Positive decrease 0.8 Negative increase 1.0
142  Chile 42.5 Negative increase 3.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.6
143  Italy 42.4 Positive decrease 1.4 Steady Positive decrease 1.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.6 Negative increase 0.4 Positive decrease 0.8
144  Latvia 42.3 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.7 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 3.0
145  Poland 41.0 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 1.4 Negative increase 0.7 Negative increase 0.8 Negative increase 1.7 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 0.6
146  Spain 40.4 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 3.5 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 0.5 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.0
147  Costa Rica 40.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.3 Positive decrease 5.5
Very stable
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
148  Estonia 38.5 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.3
149  United Kingdom 38.3 Negative increase 1.6 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 1.1 Negative increase 1.9 Negative increase 0.9 Steady Negative increase 1.1
149  United States 38.3 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 0.3 Negative increase 2.1 Negative increase 3.7 Negative increase 2.4 Negative increase 2.3 Negative increase 4.2
151  Slovakia 38.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.8
152  United Arab Emirates 38.1 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 4.8 Positive decrease 4.5
153  Mauritius 37.2 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.7 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 4.0
154  Lithuania 36.5 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 3.6
155  Czech Republic 35.7 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 1.6 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.9
156  Malta 33.6 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 3.4 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 6.8 Positive decrease 6.2
157  Uruguay 33.4 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.0
158  Japan 32.3 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 1.6
159  South Korea 32.0 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 0.7 Negative increase 0.3
160  France 30.5 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 0.2 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 0.4
Sustainable
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
161  Belgium 27.1 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.1 Negative increase 0.7 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.2
162  Singapore 26.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 5.5 Positive decrease 3.6
163  Slovenia 25.8 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 3.6 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.0
164  Austria 24.1 Positive decrease 0.9 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.3 Negative increase 0.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 0.7
165  Portugal 23.5 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 5.8 Positive decrease 5.3
166  Germany 23.2 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 2.8 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.8 Positive decrease 3.9
167  Netherlands 22.9 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 1.2 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.6 Positive decrease 2.4 Positive decrease 0.7
Very sustainable
Rank Country 2020 score Change from 2019 Change from 2018 Change from 2017 Change from 2016 Change from 2015 Change from 2014 Change from 2013
168  Ireland 19.9 Positive decrease 0.7 Positive decrease 0.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 4.0 Positive decrease 5.4 Positive decrease 4.1
169  Australia 19.7 Steady Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.5 Positive decrease 5.5 Positive decrease 4.6
170  Luxembourg 18.8 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.3 Positive decrease 1.4 Positive decrease 3.8 Positive decrease 2.5
171  Canada 18.7 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.5 Positive decrease 1.1 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 4.2 Positive decrease 5.9 Positive decrease 4.5
172  Sweden 18.2 Positive decrease 2.1 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.3 Positive decrease 1.8 Negative increase 0.6 Positive decrease 0.6 Negative increase 1.1
173  New Zealand 17.9 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 0.4 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.2 Positive decrease 1.8
174  Iceland 17.8 Positive decrease 2.0 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 5.6 Positive decrease 4.4
175  Denmark 17.2 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 1.7 Positive decrease 3.0 Positive decrease 2.1
176   Switzerland 17.1 Positive decrease 1.6 Positive decrease 0.5 Positive decrease 1.9 Positive decrease 2.6 Positive decrease 3.1 Positive decrease 4.1 Positive decrease 2.3
177  Norway 16.2 Positive decrease 1.8 Positive decrease 0.3 Positive decrease 2.2 Positive decrease 2.9 Positive decrease 2.5 Positive decrease 4.7 Positive decrease 3.2
178  Finland 14.6 Positive decrease 2.3 Positive decrease 1.0 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.9 Negative increase 0.1 Positive decrease 0.8 Positive decrease 0.1

Most improved and worsened countries

Following are the most improved and worsened countries in FSI 2019.[6] As per J.J. Messner, the executive director of the Fund for peace, countries improve at different paces and eventually face setbacks. However on average, world has been becoming less fragile every year.

Most improved countries in 2019
Rank Country 2019 score Change from 2018
1  Ethiopia 94.2 Positive decrease 5.4
2  Kenya 93.5 Positive decrease 3.8
3  Uzbekistan 75.7 Positive decrease 3.4
4    Nepal 84.7 Positive decrease 3.2
5  Gambia 83.9 Positive decrease 3.2
6  Iraq 99.1 Positive decrease 3.1
7  Ecuador 71.2 Positive decrease 3.0
8  Dominican Republic 66.2 Positive decrease 3.0
9  Malaysia 60.5 Positive decrease 3.0
10  Zimbabwe 99.5 Positive decrease 2.8
11  Timor-Leste 85.5 Positive decrease 2.8
12  Fiji 71.7 Positive decrease 2.8
13  Armenia 66.7 Positive decrease 2.8
Most worsened countries in 2019
Rank Country 2019 score Change from 2018
1  Venezuela 89.3 Negative increase 3.1
2  Brazil 71.8 Negative increase 3.1
3  Nicaragua 78.1 Negative increase 2.8
4  United Kingdom 36.7 Negative increase 2.4
5  Togo 87.4 Negative increase 2.3
6  Cameroon 97.0 Negative increase 1.7
7  Poland 42.8 Negative increase 1.4
8  Mali 94.1 Negative increase 1.0
9  Yemen 113.5 Negative increase 0.8
10  Tanzania 80.1 Negative increase 0.8
11  Honduras 77.8 Negative increase 0.5
12  United States 38.0 Negative increase 0.3

Following summarizes biggest long term improvements & losses by countries between 2009 and 2019. Former Soviet states have continued to dominate the list of most improved countries. Notably, among most improved countries, some continue to be restrictive and autocratic.

Most improved countries (2009–19)
Rank Country 2019 score Change from 2009
1  Georgia 72.0 Positive decrease 19.8
2  Cuba 60.8 Positive decrease 19.8
3  Moldova 67.1 Positive decrease 18.0
4  Uzbekistan 75.7 Positive decrease 17.1
5  Bhutan 72.0 Positive decrease 15.3
6  Zimbabwe 99.5 Positive decrease 14.5
7  Malta 34.5 Positive decrease 14.3
8  Belarus 68.2 Positive decrease 14.1
9  Trinidad and Tobago 53.0 Positive decrease 13.7
10  Indonesia 70.4 Positive decrease 13.7
11  Romania 47.8 Positive decrease 13.5
12  Colombia 75.7 Positive decrease 13.5
13  China 71.1 Positive decrease 13.5
14  Bolivia 72.9 Positive decrease 13.4
15  Turkmenistan 71.4 Positive decrease 12.9
16  Kyrgyzstan 76.2 Positive decrease 12.9
17  Sri Lanka 84.0 Positive decrease 12.7
18  Panama 47.0 Positive decrease 12.7
19  Croatia 47.5 Positive decrease 12.6
20  Tajikistan 77.7 Positive decrease 12.6
Most worsened countries (2009–19)
Rank Country 2019 score Change from 2009
1  Libya 92.2 Negative increase 22.8
2  Syria 111.5 Negative increase 21.7
3  Mali 94.1 Negative increase 15.8
4  Yemen 113.5 Negative increase 15.4
5  Venezuela 89.3 Negative increase 9.8
6  Mozambique 88.7 Negative increase 8.0
7  Greece 53.9 Negative increase 7.8
8  Eritrea 96.4 Negative increase 6.1
9  Gambia 83.9 Negative increase 4.9
10  Bahrain 63.8 Negative increase 4.8
11  Djibouti 85.1 Negative increase 4.5
12  United States 38.0 Negative increase 4.0
13  South Africa 71.1 Negative increase 3.7
14  Central African Republic 108.9 Negative increase 3.5
15  United Kingdom 36.7 Negative increase 3.1
16  Japan 34.3 Negative increase 3.1
17  Senegal 77.2 Negative increase 3.0
18  Eswatini 85.3 Negative increase 2.9
19  Angola 87.8 Negative increase 2.8
20  Oman 50.0 Negative increase 2.8

References

  1. ^ "What Does "State Fragility" Mean?". Fund for Peace. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Failing States: SOS". The Economist. June 19, 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  3. ^ Bloom, David E. (May 5, 2011). "Africa's Daunting Challenges". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Fragile States Index 2020". The Fund for Peace. 11 May 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  5. ^ "Fragile States Index and CAST Framework Methodology". The Fund for Peace.
  6. ^ a b "Fragile States Index 2019". The Fund for Peace. 10 April 2019. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  7. ^ "Fragile States Index 2018: Issues of Fragility Touch the World's Richest and Most Developed Countries in 2018". The Fund for Peace. 19 April 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  8. ^ Fragile State Index 2017.The Fund for Peace
  9. ^ Fragile State Index 2016.The Fund for Peace
  10. ^ Fragile State Index 2015.The Fund for Peace
  11. ^ Fragile State Index 2014.The Fund for Peace
  12. ^ Fragile State Index 2013.The Fund for Peace