List of coats of arms of governors-general of Canada

Viceregal consort of Canada Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis

The following is a list of the personal coats of arms born by the governors-general of Canada.

Arms of the governors-general of Canada

Arms Name of governor-general and blazon
Monck arms.svg Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck, Governor-General of Canada, 1867-1868.

Arms: Gules a chevron between three lions' heads erased Argent[1]

Crest (shown above the coronet of a Viscount): A dragon passant wings elevated Sable

Supporters: Dexter, a dragon; sinister, a lion, both Argent and holding in the forepaw a branch of laurel resting on the shoulder fructed proper

Arms of Young baronets of Bailieborough.svg John Young, 1st Baron Lisgar, Governor-General of Canada, 1869-1872.

Arms: Argent three piles Sable, each charged with a trefoil slipped Or, on a chief Sable, three annulets Or,and in canton the augmentation of a baronet being an inescutcheon, a dexter hand erect couped at the wrist and appaumé Gules

Crest (shown above the coronet of a Baron): On a wreath Argent and Sable, a demi-lion rampant Gules, charged on the shoulder with a trefoil slipped Or, holding in the dexter paw a sprig of three maple leaves all proper

One of the depictions of the crest is placed above Lord Lisgar's motto, PRUDENTIA. Lisgar did not use supporters.

Arms of Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Marquess of Dufferin and Ava.svg Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Earl of Dufferin, Governor-General of Canada, 1872-1878.

Arms: Quarterly, 1 and 4 Azure a fess Or, in chief a crescent Argent between two mullets Or and in base a mascle Argent; 2nd quarterly, 1 and 4 Or an eagle displayed Sable, 2 and 3 Argent two bars Sable, each charged with three martlets Or; 3rd Gules three cinquefoils pierced Ermine, on a chief Or a lion passant Gules; overall the augmentation of a baronet being an inescutcheon Argent charged with a sinister hand erect couped at the wrist and appaumé Gules

Crest: 1) On a cap of maintenance Gules turned up Ermine, a crescent Argent; 2) (shown above the cornet of a Marquess), On a ducal coronet, a martlet Or; 3) A demi-antelope affronté Ermine attired and unguled Or holding between the hoofs a heart Gules

Supporters: Dexter, a lion Gules armed and langued Azure gorged with a tressure flory-counter-flory Or; sinister, an heraldic tiger Ermine gorged with a like tressure Gules; each supporter supporting a flag-staff proper therefrom flowing a banner Or charged with a peacock in his pride also proper

Marquess of Lorne Shield.png John Campbell, Marquis of Lorne, Governor General of Canada, 1878-1883.

Arms: Quarterly, 1 and 4 gyronny of eight Or and Sable; 2 and 3 Argent a galley or lymphad Sable, sails furled, flag and pennons flying and oars in action proper Crest (shown above the coronet of a Duke): On a wreath Or and Sable, a boar's head fessewise erased Or, armed Argent

One depiction of the crest is shown above the two insignia of office that are generally shown crossed in saltire behind the arms of the Duke of Argyll: A baton Gules powdered with thistles Or, ensigned with an imperial crown proper, thereon the crest of Scotland (for the office of Hereditary Great Master of the Household in Scotland); and: A sword proper hilt and pommel Or (for the office of Lord Justice General of Scotland).

Supporters: Two lions rampant guardant Gules

Note: The heraldic elements here represent Lorne later in his life, when he succeeded to the title of Duke of Argyll. When he was Governor General, Lorne used these arms with a three-point label, and with a Marquess's coronet.

Marquess of Lansdowne.svg Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Governor-general of Canada, 1883-1888.

Arms: Quarterly, 1 and 4 Ermine on a bend Azure a magnetic needle pointing to a polar star Or, 2 and 3 Argent a saltire Gules, a chief Ermine Crest: 1) On a wreath Argent and Azure, a beehive beset with bees diversely volant proper; 2) (Shown above the coronet of a Marquess:) On a wreath Argent and Gules, a Sagittarius proper, the part from the waist Argent

Supporters: Two pegasi Ermine bridled, crined, winged and unguled Or, each charged on the shoulder with a fleur-de-lis Or

Stanley arms.svg Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, Governor-General of Canada, 1888-1893.

Arms: Argent on a bend Azure, three stags' heads caboshed Or, a crescent azure for difference

Crest (shown above the coronet of an Earl): A cap of maintenance Gules, turned up Ermine, an eagle wings extended Or, preying on an infant in its cradle proper swaddled Gules, the cradle laced Or

Supporters: Dexter, a griffin wings elevated; sinister, a stag, each Or and ducally gorged with a line reflexed over the back and charged on the shoulder with a crescent Azure

Note: The heraldic elements here represent Stanley as Earl of Derby, a title he inherited from his older brother shortly before the end of his term as Governor General.

Arms of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair.svg John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, Governor-General of Canada, 1893-1898.

Arms: Azure, three boars' heads couped Or armed proper langued Gules, within a tressure flowered and counterflowered interchangeably with thistles, roses and fleurs-de-lis Or

Crest (shown above the coronet of a Marquess): On a wreath Azure, Or and Gules, two arms holding a bow and arrow straight upwards in a shooting posture and at full draught all proper

Motto (above the crest): Fortuna Sequatur

Supporters: Dexter, an earl in his robes; sinister, a doctor of law in his robes both proper

Note: The coronet in the crest represents Lord Aberdeen after 1916, when he was made a marquess following his service as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

Earl of Minto COA.svg Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Governor-General of Canada, 1893-1904.

Arms: 1 and 4, grand quarters, quarterly 1 and 4 Argent a hunting horn Sable stringed Gules, in dexter chief point a crescent also gules, on a chief wavy Azure, three mullets Argent; 2 and 3 Azure a chevron Argent between three fleurs-de-lis Or; 2 and 3, grand quarters Gules on a bend engrailed Or, a baton Azure, within a bordure Vair; over all, a chief of augmentation Argent charged with a Moor's head couped in profile proper

Crest (shown above the coronet of an Earl): On a wreath Argent and Azure, issuant from clouds a dexter arm embowed throwing a dart all proper

Motto (above the crest): Non eget arcu

Supporters: Dexter, an Indian sheep; sinister, a fawn, both proper

Arms of Grey, Earl Grey.svg Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey, Governor-General of Canada, 1904-1911.

Arms: Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed argent, in dexter chief point a mullet or[2]

Crest (shown above the coronet of an Earl): On a wreath Argent and Gules, a scaling ladder Or, hooked and pointed Azure

Supporters: Dexter, a lion guardant Purpure ducally crowned Or; sinister, a tiger guardant proper

Arms of Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, until 1917.svg Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor-General of Canada, 1911-1916.

Arms: The royal arms of general purpose with an inescutcheon of Saxony and differenced with a label of three points Argent, with 1st and 3rd charged with a fleur-de-lis Azure, the 2nd charged with a cross Gules

Crest: On the coronet of a Royal Duke, a lion statant guardant Or, wearing a like coronet charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms

Supporters: Dexter, a lion rampant guardant Or wearing the coronet of a Royal Duke and charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms; sinister, a unicorn Argent, armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or and charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms

Cavendish arms.svg Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, Governor-General of Canada, 1916-1921.

Arms: Sable three bucks' heads caboshed Argent

Crest (shown above the coronet of a Duke): On a wreath Argent and Sable, a serpent nowed proper

Supporters: Two bucks proper each wreathed round the neck with a chaplet of roses alternately Argent and Azure

Arms of Byng, Viscount Byng of Vimy.svg Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Governor-General of Canada, 1921-1926.

Arms: Quarterly sable and argent in the first quarter a lion rampant of the second, over all in bend sinister a representation of the colours of the 31st Regiment, a crescent gules for difference

Crest: 1) Out of a mural crown, a dexter arm embowed grasping the colours of the 31st Regiment and pendent from the wrist by a ribbon the gold cross presented by command for Lord Stafford's gallant achievement, all proper, and on a scroll the word "Mouguerre"; 2) A heraldic antelope statant Ermine attired Or

Supporters: Dexter, a heraldic antelope Ermine attired Or; sinister, a lion Or, each charged on the shoulder with a rose Gules

Arms of Freeman-Thomas, Marquess of Willingdon.svg Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, Governor-General of Canada, 1926-1931

Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Argent three lions rampant gules a chief azure (Thomas); 2nd and 3rd: Ermine two pallets in pale azure over all three fusils conjoined in fess or (Freeman)

Crests: 1st: A Demi Lion rampant Gules charged on the shoulder with an Ermine Spot Argent (Freeman); 2nd: Issuant out of an Antique Crown Azure a Boar's Head proper (Thomas)

Supporters: On either side a Freeman armed cap à pie in English armour of the 17th century proper

Motto: "Honesty Is the Best Policy"

Arms of Ponsonby.svg Vere Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough, Governor-General of Canada, 1931-1935

Arms: Gules a Chevron between three Combs Argent

Crest: Out of a Ducal Coronet Azure three Arrows one in pale and two in saltire points downward entwined by a Snake proper

Supporters: On either side a Lion reguardant proper

Motto: Pro Rege, Lege, Grege[3]

Baron Tweedsmuir Escutcheon.png John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Governor-General of Canada, 1935-1940

Arms: Azure a Fess between three Lions' Heads erased Argent

Crest: A Sunflower proper

Supporters: Dexter: a Stag proper attired Or collared Gules; Sinister: a Falcon proper jessed belled and beaked Or armed and collared Gules

Motto: Non Inferiora Secutus ("Not following meaner things")

Earl of Athlone Arms.svg Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of Canada, 1940-1946

Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters, The Royal Arms as borne by King George III, differenced by a Label of three points Argent, the centre point charged with the St George's Cross and each of the other points with two Hearts in pale Gules; 2nd and 3rd grand quarters, Or three Stag's Attires fesswise in pale, the points of each attire to the sinister Sable, impaling Or three Lions passant in pale Sable langued Gules the dexter Forepaws of the last, over all an Inescutcheon paly bendy sinister Sable and Or, over all at the fess point a Crescent Sable

Crest: A Dog's Head and Neck paly bendy Sable and Or langued Gules, a Crescent Argent for difference

Supporters: Dexter: A Lion Sable the dexter Forepaw Gules; Sinister: A Stag proper, each supporter differenced on the shoulder by a Crescent Argent

Motto: Fearless and Faithful[4]

Arms of Alexander of Caledon.svg Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Governor-General of Canada, 1946-1952

Arms: Per pale Argent and Sable a Chevron and in base a Crescent all counterchanged on a Canton Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent

Crest: An Arm in armour embowed the hand holding a Sword all proper

Supporters: On the dexter side a Piper of the Irish Guards, holding under the interior arm a Bagpipe, and on the sinister side a Sepoy of the 3/2nd Punjabi Regiment, holding in the exterior hand a Rifle proper, each charged on the shoulder with an Escutcheon barry nebuly of six Argent and Azure

Motto: Per Mare, Per Terras, Per Astra[5]

Vincent Massey escutcheon.svg Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada, 1952-1959

Arms: Argent on a chevron between three lozenges Sable each charged with a fleur-de-lis Argent, three stags heads erased Or

(After his viceregal term, Massey was granted an honourable augmentation to his shield in 1963 that is blazoned as: A canton Azure charged with the Crest of the Royal Arms of Canada (on a wreath Argent and Gules a lion passant guardant Or wearing the Royal Crown proper and holding in the dexter paw a maple leaf Gules))[6]

Crest: Issuant from an antique crown Or a bull’s head Sable armed Or charged on the neck with a lozenge Argent thereon a fleur-de-lis Sable

Motto: Dum Terar Prosum[7][8]

Georges Vanier escutcheon.svg Georges Vanier, Governor-General of Canada, 1959-1967

Arms: Or on a chevron paly Azure and Gules two swords chevron wise points upwards also Or in chief an oak tree couped proper between a fleur-de-lys also Azure and a trefoil Vert and in base a representation of the gate of the Citadel of Quebec flying thereon the flag of the Governor General of Canada proper

Crest: A representation of the tower and steeple of the church of St. Catherine at Honfleur in France Or

Motto: Fiat Voluntas Dei [9][10]

Roland Michener escutcheon.svg Roland Michener, Governor-General of Canada, 1967-1974

Arms: Azure four bendlets interlaced in saltire between in chief a representation of the Royal Crown of England and in base a Fleur de Lis Or

Crest: In front of a demi-lion supporting a representation of the Mace of the House of Commons of Canada Or a Plate charged with a Maple Leaf Gules

Supporter: On the dexter side a Deer Gules attired and unguled Or charged on the shoulder with a Plate thereon a Rose Gules barbed and seeded proper and on the sinister side a Deer Argent attired and unguled Or charged on the shoulder with a Torteau thereon a Square Buckle Argent

Motto: Libre Et Ordonné[11]

Jules Léger Escutcheon.svg Jules Léger, Governor-General of Canada, 1974-1979

Note: These arms were granted after his death upon petition by his wife to be used by his heirs and to be used on memorials. They were based on an emblem he used on his Privy Seal during his lifetime

Arms: Blue Céleste in chief an owl affronty hovering Argent in base a maple leaf ensigned by the Royal Crown both Or[12][6]

Edward Schreyer escutcheon.svg Edward Schreyer, Governor-General of Canada, 1979-1984

Note: These arms were officially granted by the Canadian Heraldic Authority in 1990 after his viceregal term, and were based on a design made in 1980 (during his viceregal term)[6]

Arms: Per pale Or and Vert a pale wavy of four Azure and Argent in chief a plate displaying a cross Gules charged with the Royal Crown proper; in dexter base a pomeis charged with a garb Or and in sinister base a bezant charged with a fir tree Vert

Crest: A mound of ice proper thereon a polar bear statant Argent supporting beneath its dexter paw a plate charged with a maple leaf Gules

Supporters: Dexter a Bison proper charged on the shoulder with a lozenge Or bearing a prairie crocus flower slipped and leaved proper sinister a moose proper charged on the shoulder with a hurt displaying a fleur de lys Or the whole set upon a compartment party per pale a wheatfield Or and a forest Vert

Motto: Freedom Egalité Justice · Arbeit Знання Dignità[13][14]

Jeanne Sauvé escutcheon.svg Jeanne Sauvé, Governor-General of Canada, 1984-1990

Arms: Azure the Mace of the House of Commons of Canada Or in bend between in chief an Eagle displayed Or bearing in its beak a bolt of lightning Gules and in base a Lion passant guardant Or imperially crowned proper holding in the dexter paw a Maple Leaf Gules fimbriated Or

Crest: Alighting within a circlet composed alternately of Maple Leaves Gules and Fleurs-de-Lys Or a Dove wings elevated and addorsed holding in its beak a sprig of Olive both proper

Supporters: On either side a Doe proper each gorged with a collar Argent pendant therefrom a Roundel barry wavy Argent and Vert

Motto: Vis Et Tolerantia[15]

Ray Hnatyshyn escutcheon.svg Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada, 1990-1995

Arms: Per fess Bleu Celeste and Or, in chief a lion passant guardant Or royally crowned Proper, holding in its dexter paw a Maple Leaf Gules fimbriated Or, in base a lion passant guardant Bleu Celeste holding in its dexter paw a heart Gules

Crest: A demi-lion rampant Gules charged on either shoulder with a Maple Leaf Argent and grasping in its dexter paw a scale of justice Gules

Supporters: Dexter a white tailed deer per fess Bleu Céleste and Or armed and gorged with a collar all Or pendant therefrom a bezant charged with a representation of the badge of the House of Commons of Canada proper, sinister a bull per fess Bleu Céleste and Or gorged with a collar Vert fimbriated Argent pendant therefrom a prairie lily flower proper charged with the Tryzub of the Ukraine Blue Céleste the whole set upon a compartment party per pale of trees of the boreal forest Vert and a wheat field Or rising above barry wavy Azure and Argent

Motto: Moderatio In Omnibus[16][17]

Roméo LeBlanc escutcheon.svg Roméo LeBlanc, Governor-General of Canada, 1995-1999

Arms: Argent on a pile Gules the Star of Acadia ensigned by a representation of the Royal Crown Or

Crest: Four eagle feathers Argent quilled Or encircled with a band of Micmac porcupine quill decoration Gules embellished with a barrulet dancetty Argent

Supporters: Rising from a mount Argent semé of maple leaves Gules between waves of the sea Azure crested Argent two dolphins Argent finned and tailed and gorged with a garland of fleurs-de-lys Or and maple leaves Gules pendant therefrom a hurt charged dexter with a steam locomotive wheel and sinister with a closed book Or clasped Gules

Motto: Semper Admissos Meminisse Decet[18]

Adrienne Clarkson escutcheon.svg Adrienne Clarkson, Governor-General of Canada, 1999-2005

Arms: Gules a Chinese phoenix regarding a lightning flash and rising from flames issuant from a maple leaf the whole ensigned by a representation of the Royal Crown all Or

Crest: A loon (Gavia immer) calling proper naiant within a circlet of trillium flowers Argent seeded Or

Supporters: Two tigers Or and Argent embellished Sable each gorged with a ribbon Gules, pendant therefrom a plate surmounted by a cross Gules the whole upon rocks set with four wind-swept jack pines proper

Motto: Verum Solum Dicatur · Verum Solum Accipiatur[19]

Michaëlle Jean escutcheon.svg Michaëlle Jean, Governor-General of Canada, 2005-2010

Arms: Sable a sand dollar ensigned by the Royal Crown Or

Crest: A sea shell Or entoured by a chain its ends broken Sable

Supporters: Two Simbis Or queued and crined Sable each sounding a sea shell Or and issuant from barry wavy Or and Sable set before a rocky mound proper growing thereon to the dexter a palm tree and to the sinister a pine tree Or

Motto: Briser Les Solitudes[20]

Johnston Escutcheon.png David Johnston, Governor-General of Canada, 2010–2017.

Arms: Argent fretty Sable, on a chief Gules the Royal Crown between two open books Or

Crest: A candle Argent inflamed and within a stand Or flanked by four closed books their spines palewise, two Gules and two Or, all set on a closed book bound Or its edge fesswise Argent

Supporters: Two unicorns Gules, armed, maned, tufted, unguled, each charged on the shoulder with an astrolabe, and standing on a grassy mount Or set with two feet Gules winged Sable and in base a bar wavy Sable inscribed with zeros and ones Or

Motto: Contemplare Meliora[21]

Julie Payette escutcheon.svg Julie Payette, Governor-General of Canada, 2017-present.

Arms: Per pale Azure and Sable a wing and in the canton the Royal Crown Argent

Crest: A musical stave bearing the first notes of the second movement of Alessandro Marcello’s Oboe Concerto in D minor Sable

Supporters: Two lynx Sable embellished Argent, each wearing a collar set with laurel leaves Or and mullets Argent, standing on the planet Earth Azure, its atmosphere Argent, charged with the Greek letter sigma (Σ) Argent

Motto: Per Aspera Ad Astra[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ Borrow-Longain, FRSA, FRNS, MRI, Paul E.L.T. (September 2014). "His Excellency The Right Honourable Charles Stanley Monck, 4th Viscount Monck, GCMG, PC Governor General & Commander-in-Chief of Canada" (PDF). Hogtown Heraldry. 24 (3). The Toronto Branch of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada. p. 7. Retrieved 24 August 2017.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, ed. (1914). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (76th ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 903.
  3. ^ "Bessborough, Earl of (I, 1739)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  4. ^ "Athlone, Earl of (UK, 1917 -1957)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  5. ^ "Alexander of Tunis, Earl (UK, 1952)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "Arms & Badges - Arms of Past and Present Canadian Governors General". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  7. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Massey, Charles Vincent [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  8. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Massey". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  9. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Vanier". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  10. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Vanier College [Civil Institution]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  11. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Michener". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  12. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Léger, Jules [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  13. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Schreyer". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  14. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Schreyer, Edward Richard [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  15. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Sauvé". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  16. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Hnatyshyn". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  17. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Hnatyshyn, Ramon John [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  18. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: LeBlanc". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  19. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Clarkson, Adrienne [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  20. ^ "RHSC Roll of Arms: Jean". www.heraldry.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  21. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Johnston, David Lloyd [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.
  22. ^ General, The Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Payette, Julie [Individual]". reg.gg.ca. Retrieved Aug 15, 2019.