List of European countries by area

Kosovo Adriatic Sea United Kingdom

Below is a list of most states in Europe, in order of geographical area. Europe's total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres.[1]

Some states (marked *) are only partially located in Europe. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states. Therefore, for example the United Kingdom is included in place of the four individual home nations.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

European states by area (top 12).[citation needed]

  Russia (39.0%)
  Ukraine (5.9%)
  France (5.4%)
  Spain (4.9%)
  Sweden (4.4%)
  Norway (3.8%)
  Germany (3.5%)
  Finland (3.3%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy (3.0%)
  United Kingdom (2.4%)
  Romania (2.3%)
  Other (19%)
Rank State Total area (km²) Total area (sq mi) Notes
1  Russia* 3,995,200 1,542,600[2] 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi) including Siberia[3]
2  Ukraine 603,628 233,062[4]
3  France* 551,695 213,011 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) when the overseas departments are included.
4  Spain* 498,511 192,476 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included.[5]
5  Sweden 450,295 173,860
6  Norway 385,178 148,718 This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen.[6]
7  Germany 357,386 137,988[7]
8  Finland 338,145 130,559
9  Poland 312,685 120,728
10  Italy 301,338 116,347
11  United Kingdom* 242,495 93,628 Not including British Overseas Territories.
12  Romania 238,397 92,046
13  Belarus 207,600 80,200
14  Kazakhstan* 148,000 57,000 (est.)[citation needed] (Territory West of Ural River is counted as Europe) 2,724,902 km2 (1,052,091 sq mi) including most Asian part
15  Greece 131,940 50,940
16  Bulgaria 110,994 42,855
17  Iceland 102,775 39,682
18  Hungary 93,030 35,920
19  Portugal 91,568 35,355 This includes the Azores Islands and the Madeira Archipelago
20  Austria 83,858 32,378
21  Czechia 78,866 30,450
22  Serbia 77,453 29,905 88,361 km2 (34,116 sq mi) including Kosovo
23  Ireland 70,273 27,133
24  Lithuania 65,300 25,200
25  Latvia 64,589 24,938[8]
26  Croatia 56,594 21,851
27  Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 19,741
28  Slovakia 49,036 18,933
29  Estonia 45,339 17,505
30  Denmark* 44,493 17,179 This includes Faroe Islands; 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi) including Greenland
31  Switzerland 41,290 15,940
32  Netherlands* 41,198 15,907 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten.
33  Moldova 33,846 13,068
34  Belgium 30,510 11,780
35  Armenia* 29,843 11,522 Sometimes considered part of Asia
36  Albania 28,748 11,100
37  North Macedonia 25,713 9,928
38  Turkey* 23,764 9,175 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) including Asian part
39  Slovenia 20,273 7,827
40  Montenegro 13,812 5,333
41  Kosovo 10,887 4,203 Partially recognised state
42  Cyprus 9,251 3,572 A Mediterranean island near Turkey in the Middle East, it is a member of the EU[9]
43  Azerbaijan* 6,960 2,690 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) including Asian part
44  Luxembourg 2,586 998
45  Georgia* 2,428 937 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) including Asian part
46  Andorra 468 181
47  Malta 316 122
48  Liechtenstein 160 62
49  San Marino 61 24
50  Monaco 2.02 0.78
51  Vatican City 0.44 0.17

Definition

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other and thus the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions rather than geographical.

Clickable map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries[10]

Legend: blue = Contiguous transcontinental states; green = Sometimes considered European but geographically outside Europe's boundaries.

Range

The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude:

A bar graph with logarithmic scale, showing the sizes in three categories: Purple = Russia, Green = countries with European area bigger than 10,000 km², Red = countries with European area smaller than 10,000 km²

See also

References

  1. ^ "Map and Details of all 7 Continents". WorldAtlas. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  2. ^ Including the disputed territory of Crimea.
  3. ^ "The World Factbook - Central Asia - Russia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Ukraine". United Nations in Ukraine. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  5. ^ "Entorno físico y medio ambiente" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. p. 10. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  7. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung". www.statistikportal.de (in German).
  8. ^ "Latvia country profile". 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-28 – via www.bbc.com.
  9. ^ "Europe :: Cyprus — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  10. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.