List of Senate of Canada appointments by prime minister
This is a list of Canadian Senate appointments during a prime minister's tenure. Members of the Senate of Canada are appointed by the Governor General of Canada on the recommendation of his or her prime minister. This list is broken-down by party, and further sorted into three categories: senators appointed who sat in the government caucus, senators appointed who sat in opposition caucuses, and senators appointed who sat in neither.
Only Prime Ministers Sir John A. Macdonald, John Thompson, Pierre Trudeau, and Paul Martin recommended with any frequency the appointment of senators belonging to opposition parties; all together, only six opposition senators have been appointed on the recommendation of other prime ministers. Of those six, only four have been from the party forming the Official Opposition. Of those four, three were appointed on the recommendation of Prime Minister Robert Borden, who was trying to create a cross-party coalition National Government during World War I. The other appointment was made on the recommendation of Louis St. Laurent, upon the advice of his strategists, as the PC Party was in danger of losing official party status in the Senate by dropping below five seats. No other prime minister advised the appointment of opposition senators, and one, Kim Campbell, recommended none.
|Royal Proclamation||October 23, 1867||73||27[b]||37[c]||8||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||45||61.6||27||36.9||1||1.2|
|Macdonald||July 1, 1867||November 5, 1873||91||9||53[d]||25||—||—||—||1||1||1||—||—||78[d]||85.7||9||9.8||3||3.3|
|October 17, 1878||June 6, 1891|
|Mackenzie||November 7, 1873||October 8, 1878||16||16[e]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||16[e]||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Abbott||June 16, 1891||November 24, 1892||6||—||5||1||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||6||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Thompson||December 5, 1892||December 12, 1894||5||1||4||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||4||80.0||1||20.0||0||0.0|
|Bowell||December 21, 1894||April 27, 1896||13||—||9||4||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||13||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Tupper||May 1, 1896||July 8, 1896||1||—||1||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||1||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Laurier||July 11, 1896||October 6, 1911||81||80||—||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||—||80||98.8||0||0.0||1||1.2|
|Borden||October 10, 1911||July 10, 1920||62||3||57||—||1||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||58[f]||93.6||3||4.8||0||0.0|
|Meighen||July 10, 1920||December 29, 1921||15||—||13||—||1||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||14[f]||93.3||0||0.0||1||6.7|
|June 29, 1926||September 25, 1926|
|King||December 29, 1921||June 28, 1926||103||102||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||—||—||103[g]||99.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|September 25, 1926||August 7, 1930|
|October 23, 1935||November 15, 1948|
|Bennett||August 7, 1930||October 23, 1935||33||—||32||—||—||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||32||97.0||0||0.0||1||3.0|
|St. Laurent||November 15, 1948||June 21, 1957||55||51||1||—||—||—||—||2||—||1||—||—||51||92.7||1||1.8||3||5.5|
|Diefenbaker||June 21, 1957||April 22, 1963||37||—||36||—||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||36||97.3||0||0.0||1||2.7|
|Pearson||April 22, 1963||April 20, 1968||39||38||—||—||—||—||—||1||—||—||—||—||38||97.4||0||0.0||1||2.6|
|P. E. Trudeau||April 20, 1968||June 4, 1979||81||70||7||—||—||—||—||—||—||3||—||1||70||86.4||8[h]||9.9||3||3.7|
|March 3, 1980||June 30, 1984|
|Clark||June 4, 1979||March 3, 1980||11||—||11||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||11||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Turner||June 30, 1984||September 17, 1984||3||3||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||3||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|Mulroney||September 17, 1984||June 25, 1993||57||—||55||—||—||—||—||—||—||1||1[i]||—||55||96.4||1||1.8||1||1.8|
|Campbell||June 25, 1993||November 4, 1993||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Chrétien||November 4, 1993||December 12, 2003||75||72||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||3||—||—||72||96.0||0||0.0||3||4.0|
|Martin||December 12, 2003||February 6, 2006||17||12||2||—||—||1[j]||—||—||2[k]||—||—||—||12||70.6||5||29.4||0||0.0|
|Harper||February 6, 2006||November 4, 2015||59||—||59[l][m]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||59||100.0||0||0.0||0||0.0|
|J. Trudeau||November 4, 2015||—||52||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||52||—||—||—||—||—||—||52||100.0|
- The Cons. column includes appointees who are members of the historical Conservative party (prior to 1942), the Progressive Conservative Party (1942-2003), and the Conservative Party of Canada (since 2003).
- Includes Charles Cormier and Luc Letellier de St-Just, who sat as Nationalist Liberals. Also includes William Todd, who declined appointment.
- Includes Narcisse-Fortunat Belleau and Edward Barron Chandler, who declined appointment.
- Includes former Conservative MP Joseph Bolduc, who sat in the Senate as a Nationalist Conservative.
- Includes the former Liberal MPs William Henry Brouse, who sat as a Reformer, and Christian Henry Pozer, who sat as a Nationalist, as well as Hector Fabre, who also sat in the Senate as a Nationalist.
- Includes the Liberal-Unionist senator
- Includes Liberal-Progressive Robert Forke
- Includes Social Credit Senator Ernest Manning
- Stanley Waters, who had been elected in the 1989 Alberta Senate nominee election.
- Lillian Dyck, who was not recognized as a New Democratic Party senator by the New Democratic Party. She joined the Liberal caucus in January 2009.
- Includes Nancy Ruth and Elaine McCoy who were appointed as senators for the defunct Progressive Conservatives. Nancy Ruth subsequently joined the Conservatives.
- Two senators, Bert Brown and Betty Unger, had been elected in the 2004 Alberta Senate nominee election.
- Scott Tannas was appointed on March 25th, 2013, having been elected in the 2012 Alberta Senate nominee election.
- Payton, Laura (January 25, 2013). "PM Harper appoints 5 new senators". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Tasker, John Paul (April 12, 2016). "7 new senators sworn in, opposition jumps on their independence". Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- Tasker, John Paul (November 4, 2016). "Meet the 21 new Trudeau-appointed senators". CBC News. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
- "Prime Minister announces the appointment of two new Senators". pm.gc.ca (Press release). PMO. December 4, 2017.