Minister of Veterans Affairs (Canada)
|Minister of Veterans Affairs
Ministre des Anciens Combattants
|Veterans Affairs Canada|
|Appointer||Monarch (represented by the governor general);|
on the advice of the prime minister
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Ian Alistair Mackenzie|
|Formation||18 October 1944|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The minister of veterans affairs (French: ministre des anciens combattants) is the minister of the Crown responsible for the Veterans Affairs Canada, the department of the Government of Canada responsible for administering benefits for members and veterans of the Canadian Armed Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and their family members and caregivers.
The position was created in the Canadian Cabinet in 1944. The Department of Veterans Affairs was created out of the Department of Pensions and National Health, and was given the responsibility of administering benefits for war veterans. Its first responsibility was assisting in the reintegration of demobilised soldiers into civilian life and assisting them with health care, education, employment, income support, and pensions.
The department is largely responsible for medical care, rehabilitation, and disability pensions and awards for Veterans. Appeals from departmental decisions on disability pensions and awards are presented by Veterans to the Veterans Review and Appeal Board; Veterans Affairs Canada provides Veterans appearing before the Board with the assistance of lawyers from the semi-autonomous Bureau of Pensions Advocates free of charge.
Prior to 1944, the responsibilities of the current Veterans Affairs portfolio were part of the now-defunct post of Minister of Pensions and National Health.
|No.||Name||Term of office||Political party||Ministry|
|1||Ian Alistair Mackenzie||October 18, 1944||January 18, 1948||Liberal||16 (King)|
|2||Milton Gregg||January 19, 1948||November 15, 1948||Liberal|
|November 15, 1948||August 6, 1950||17 (St. Laurent)|
|3||Hugues Lapointe||August 7, 1950||June 20, 1957||Liberal|
|4||Alfred Johnson Brooks||June 21, 1957||October 10, 1960||Progressive Conservative||18 (Diefenbaker)|
|5||Gordon Churchill||October 11, 1960||February 11, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|6||Marcel Lambert||February 12, 1963||April 21, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|7||Roger Teillet||April 22, 1963||April 19, 1968||Liberal||19 (Pearson)|
|April 20, 1968||July 5, 1968||20 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|8||Jean-Eudes Dubé||July 6, 1968||January 27, 1972||Liberal|
|9||Arthur Laing||January 28, 1972||November 26, 1972||Liberal|
|10||Daniel J. MacDonald||November 27, 1972||June 3, 1979||Liberal|
|11||Allan McKinnon||June 4, 1979||March 2, 1980||Progressive Conservative||21 (Clark)|
|(10)||Daniel J. MacDonald (2nd time)||March 3, 1980||September 30, 1980||Liberal||22 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|–||Gilles Lamontagne (acting)||October 1, 1980||September 21, 1981||Liberal|
|12||W. Bennett Campbell||September 22, 1981||June 29, 1984||Liberal|
|June 30, 1984||September 16, 1984||23 (Turner)|
|13||George Hees||September 17, 1984||September 14, 1988||Progressive Conservative||24 (Mulroney)|
|14||Gerald Merrithew||September 18, 1988||January 3, 1993||Progressive Conservative|
|15||Kim Campbell||January 4, 1993||June 24, 1993||Progressive Conservative|
|16||Peter McCreath||June 25, 1993||November 3, 1993||Progressive Conservative||25 (Campbell)|
|17||David Collenette||November 4, 1993||October 4, 1996||Liberal||26 (Chrétien)|
|18||Doug Young||October 5, 1996||June 10, 1997||Liberal|
|19||Fred Mifflin||June 11, 1997||August 2, 1999||Liberal|
|20||George Baker||August 3, 1999||October 17, 2000||Liberal|
|21||Ron Duhamel||October 18, 2000||January 14, 2002||Liberal|
|22||Rey Pagtakhan||January 15, 2002||December 11, 2003||Liberal|
|23||John McCallum||December 12, 2003||July 19, 2004||Liberal||27 (Martin)|
|24||Albina Guarnieri||July 20, 2004||February 5, 2006||Liberal|
|25||Greg Thompson||February 6, 2006||January 16, 2010||Conservative||28 (Harper)|
|26||Jean-Pierre Blackburn||January 19, 2010||May 18, 2011||Conservative|
|27||Steven Blaney||May 18, 2011||July 15, 2013||Conservative|
|28||Julian Fantino||July 15, 2013||January 5, 2015||Conservative|
|29||Erin O'Toole||January 5, 2015||November 4, 2015||Conservative|
|30||Kent Hehr||November 4, 2015||August 28, 2017||Liberal||29 (J. Trudeau)|
|31||Seamus O'Regan||August 28, 2017||January 14, 2019||Liberal|
|32||Jody Wilson-Raybould||January 14, 2019||February 12, 2019||Liberal|
|–||Harjit Sajjan (acting)||February 12, 2019||March 1, 2019||Liberal|
|33||Lawrence MacAulay||March 1, 2019||Incumbent||Liberal|
Many ministers, all of whom were officers, have had prior military experience. The posting does not, however, require prior military service.
|Name||Branch||Notable units||Rank||Service period|
|Milton Fowler Gregg||Canadian Army||Royal Canadian Regiment, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada||Brigadier||World War I, World War II|
|Hugues Lapointe||Canadian Army||Régiment de la Chaudière||Lieutenant colonel||World War II|
|Gordon Churchill||Canadian Army||1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment||Lieutenant colonel||World War I, World War II|
|Marcel Lambert||Canadian Army||King's Own Calgary Regiment||Lieutenant colonel||World War II|
|Roger Teillet||Royal Canadian Air Force||No. 35 Squadron RAF||Flight lieutenant||World War II|
|Daniel J. MacDonald||Canadian Army -||The Prince Edward Island Highlanders, Cape Breton Highlanders||Lieutenant colonel||World War II|
|Allan McKinnon||Canadian Army||Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry||Major||World War II|
|Gilles Lamontagne||Royal Canadian Air Force||425 Bomber Squadron||Flight lieutenant||World War II|
|George Hees||Canadian Army||5th Canadian Infantry Brigade||Brigade major||World War II|
|Gerald Merrithew||Canadian Army||Royal New Brunswick Regiment||Lieutenant colonel||Militia pre-1970s|
|Fred Mifflin||Royal Canadian Navy||HMCS Saguenay, HMCS Skeena, deputy commander – Maritime Command||Rear admiral||Cold War 1954–1987|
|Erin O'Toole||Royal Canadian Air Force||423 Maritime Helicopter Squadron, 406 Maritime Operational Training Squadron||Captain||1991-2000s|
|Harjit Sajjan (acting)||Canadian Army||The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)||Lieutenant-colonel||1989–2015|
- "The Canadian Parliamentary system - Our Procedure - House of Commons". www.ourcommons.ca. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Review of the Responsibilities and Accountabilities of Ministers and Senior Officials" (PDF).
- "Constitutional Duties". The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "House of Commons Procedure and Practice - 1. Parliamentary Institutions - Canadian Parliamentary Institutions". www.ourcommons.ca. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
- "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Library of Parliament. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on June 1, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.