Lira, Uganda

Lira District Lira University Lira Airport
Lira Uganda 2010 01 04.JPG
Lira is located in Uganda
Location in Uganda
Coordinates: 02°14′50″N 32°54′00″E / 2.24722°N 32.90000°E / 2.24722; 32.90000
CountryFlag of Uganda.svg Uganda
RegionNorthern Region of Uganda
Sub-regionLango sub-region
DistrictLira District
Town Council1962
 • MayorMike Ogwang Olwa Veve[2]
3,488 ft (1,063 m)
 (2014 Census)
 • Total99,059[1]

Lira is a city in the Northern Region of Uganda. It is the main municipal, administrative, and commercial centre of Lira District.[3]


Lira was one of the last towns in Uganda held by loyalists of Idi Amin during the Uganda–Tanzania War (1978–1979). A force consisting of the Tanzania People's Defence Force's 201st Brigade and the Uganda National Liberation Front's Kikosi Maalum attacked Lira on 15 May 1979, ousting the Amin loyalists after a short battle. The clash at Lira was the last important battle of the Uganda–Tanzania War, as the remnants of Amin's army completely disintegrated thereafter.[4]


Lira is approximately 101 kilometres (63 mi), by road, southeast of Gulu, the largest city in the Northern Region of Uganda, along the highway between Gulu and Mbale.[5] This is approximately 342 kilometres (213 mi), by road, north of the city of Kampala, the capital and largest city in that country.[6] Lira is approximately 125 kilometres (78 mi) northwest of Soroti, the nearest large town to the south.[7] The coordinates of Lira are 2°14'50.0"N 32°54'00.0"E (Latitude:02.2472; Longitude:32.9000).[8] The city lies at an average elevation of 1,063 metres (3,488 ft), above sea level.[9]


The 2002 national census estimated the population of Lira at 80,900. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 105,100. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population at 108,600.[10] In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 99,059.[1]

A man selling jackfruit along the road in Lira, Uganda


Lira is served by a railway station of the Uganda Railways network.[11] The city is also served by a public civilian airport, Lira Airport, administered by the Civil Aviation Authority of Uganda.

Power line

An 80 kilometres (50 mi) 132 kilovolt electricity line from the Karuma Power Station is under construction to a substation in Lira, under the supervision of Intec Gopa International Energy Consultants GmbH of Germany.[12]

Points of interest

The following additional points of interest lie within the town limits or close to the edges of the city:

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  2. ^ Denis Ogwal (July 20, 2017). "Lira Municipal Development Forum Elects New Executive". New Vision. Retrieved June 9, 2018. ...among the development programs that the committee is mandated to monitor is the implementation of Uganda Support Municipal Infrastructural Development (USMID) program.
  3. ^ Draku, Franklin (22 May 2019). "Cabinet Elevates 15 Municipalities To Cities". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  4. ^ Cooper & Fontanellaz 2015, pp. 37, 39.
  5. ^ (2 November 2019). "Distance Between Gulu, Uganda And Lira, Uganda". Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  6. ^ (2 November 2019). "Distance Between Posta Uganda, Kampala City Centre, Kampala, Uganda And Posta Uganda, Agwata-Lira, Ireda, Lira, Uganda". Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  7. ^ (2 November 2019). "Distance Between Lira, Uganda And Soroti, Uganda". Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  8. ^ Google (2 November 2019). "Location of Lira At Google Maps" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  9. ^ (2018). "Elevation of Lira, Uganda". Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  10. ^ UBOS. "Estimated Population of Lira In 2002, 2010 And 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  11. ^ Cissy Makumbi, Cissy (28 October 2013). "Museveni Opens Gulu Railway Line". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  12. ^ Odyek, John (13 August 2015). "UETCL Signs €5.2 Million (USh20.5 Billion) Deal With German Company". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  13. ^ Schlein, Lisa (14 December 2014). "Ugandan Entrepreneur Creates Education Opportunity for Girls". Washington, DC: Voice of America. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  14. ^ Angoda Emmanuel. "School Report Cards System: What Works In Lira Town College & Northern Uganda". Lira, Uganda: Retrieved 23 May 2019.