|Olympic medal record|
|1968 Mexico City||Flyweight|
Leo Rwabwogo (3 June 1949 – 14 January 2009) was a Ugandan boxer, who won two Olympic medals during his career as an amateur in the flyweight division (up to 51 kg). He won a bronze medal at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City before winning a silver medal at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. He is the only Ugandan athlete to have won more than one Olympic medal. He also won a silver medal at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh.
Rwabwogo had claimed the African flyweight title in the 1960s and was selected as part of the Ugandan boxing team for the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. He was drawn against South Korean Seo Sang-yeong in his debut fight in the Olympics, winning a unanimous 5–0 decision. Further decision victories over American David Vasquez and Hungarian Tibor Badari followed, winning both 3–2, advanced Rwabwogo to the semi-final. Rwabwogo met Polish fighter Artur Olech who had won the silver medal in the event four years earlier at the 1964 Summer Olympics. The experienced Olech proved too strong for Rwabwogo, winning the fight in a 4–1 decision. Despite his defeat, Rwabwogo won the bronze medal in the event. He became the second athlete to win an Olympic medal in the nation's history, his teammate Eridadi Mukwanga had also guaranteed himself a medal two days earlier in the bantamweight division. Rwabwogo was however the first to receive his medal as Mukwanga had advanced in his weight class. Mukwanga went on to win the silver medal after losing the final.
At the 1970 British Commonwealth Games, Rwabwogo won the silver medal after losing to Englishman Dave Needham. He was chosen to represent Uganda again at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, winning his first round bout over Uruguayan Jorge Acuña by a 5–0 decision. He recorded his first TKO victory in an Olympic event in the second round, stopping British fighter Maurice O'Sullivan. He recorded a decision victory over Thailand's Chawalit On-Chim before recording a second TKO victory of the tournament by stopping Irishman Neil McLaughlin in the quarter-final.
Having lost in the semi-finals four years earlier, Rwabwogo went one better in the 1972 games by defeating Cuban fighter Douglas Rodriguez in a 3–2 decision victory to reach the flyweight final. Rwabwogo met Bulgarian Georgi Kostadinov in the gold medal match on 10 September. Kostadinov was the stronger in the first two rounds but, in the third, Rwabwogo mounted a "heavy counter-offensive" in an attempt to recover. However, Kostadinov held out to win the gold, with Rwabwogo claiming silver. Rwabwogo's trainer would later claim that an injured right hand had impeded his fight and denied him victory.
By winning silver, Rwabwogo became the only Ugandan athlete to win more than one Olympic medal in the nation's history. He is also one of only three fighters to have won more than one medal at flyweight in Olympic history, alongside Artur Olech of Poland and Bulat Zhumadilov of Kazakhstan. His silver medal victory briefly tied him with Mukwanga for Uganda's highest placed finish at an Olympic event until hurdler John Akii-Bua claimed the nation's first ever gold medal days later.
Rwabwogo was offered the chance to turn professional in the United States following the 1972 games but was persuaded to remain in Uganda by officials from that nation. After retiring from fighting, he took up other roles within boxing, coaching other fighters and becoming a referee.
He remained in Kilembe, taking up a role as a sports officer at Kilembe Mines, the same club he had boxed at as a teenager. In 1981, Rwabwogo was a campaigner for Crispus Kiyonga and became a member of the National Resistance Movement. He ended his life working as a peasant farmer in relative poverty. He died while tending his garden in the village of Rugongo in the Kabarole District at the age of 59 in 2008, leaving behind 12 children. The poverty stricken nature of Rwabwogo's death caused shock in Uganda. A fundraising drive raised sh1.1m and included the donation of 50 metal sheets and two acres of land to construct a home for Rwabwogo's family.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Leo Rwabwogo". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 11 October 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Grasso, John; Mallon, Bill; Heijmans, Jeroen (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement. Scarecrow Press. p. 200. ISBN 9780810865242.
- Bakama, James (15 January 2009). "Boxing Hero Leo Rwabwogo Is Dead". New Vision. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Eridadi Mukwanga". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 10 October 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- "Boxing 51kg – Edinburgh 1970". The Commonwealth Games Federation. Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- "Ring of confidence for the Cubans". The Times. 11 September 1972. p. 6. Retrieved 31 December 2019 – via The Times Digital Archive.
- Bakama, James (8 July 2012). "Leo Lwabwogo: Unsung Hero". New Vision. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Bakama, James (15 January 2009). "Boxing hero Leo Rwabwogo is dead". New Vision. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Katende, Norman (15 February 2009). "Rwabwogo revelation shocks". New Vision. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.