Legislature XVI of Italy

The People of Freedom Italy of Values Union of the Centre (2002)
Legislature XVI of Italy

XVI legislatura della Repubblica Italiana
16th legislature
Type
Type
HousesChamber of Deputies
Senate of the Republic
History
Founded29 April 2008 (2008-04-29)
Disbanded14 March 2013 (2013-03-14) (4 years, 319 days)
Preceded byXV Legislature
Succeeded byXVII Legislature
Leadership
Renato Schifani, PdL
since 29 April 2008
Gianfranco Fini, FLI
since 30 April 2008
Structure
SeatsC: 630
S: 319 (315 + 4)
Italian Chamber of Deputies groups leg 16.svg
Chamber of Deputies political groups
  •      PD (203)
  •      PdL (202)
  •      LN (58)
  •      UdC (36)
  •      FLI (24)
  •      PT (21)
  •      IdV (14)
  •      Mixed (71)
Italian Senate groups leg 16.svg
Senate political groups
  •      PdL (113)
  •      PD (104)
  •      LN (22)
  •      UdCSVP-Aut. (16)
  •      ApIFLICD (13)
  •      CN (12)
  •      FdI (11)
  •      IdV (10)
  •      Mixed (18)
Elections
Porcellum
Porcellum
Last general election
13–14 April 2008
Meeting place
Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome (C)
Palazzo Madama, Rome (S)
Website
leg16.camera.it
www.senato.it/Leg16/home
Constitution
Constitution of Italy

The Legislature XVI of Italy (Italian: XVI Legislatura della Repubblica Italiana) started on 29 April 2008 and ended on 14 March 2013.[1][2] Its composition resulted from the snap election of 13–14 April 2008, called after President Giorgio Napolitano dissolved the houses on 6 February 2008.[3] The dissolution of the Parliament was a consequence of the defeat of the incumbent government led by Romano Prodi during a vote of confidence in the Senate.[4]

The legislature was dissolved by President Napolitano on 22 December 2012, a few months before the end of its natural five-year term.[5]

Government

The outgoing Prodi Cabinet remained in charge until 8 May 2008, to handle the "current affairs".

Composition

Chamber of Deputies

The number of elected deputies is 630.

Parliamentary groups in the Chamber of Deputies
Initial composition[6] Final composition[7]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
People of Freedom 275 People of Freedom 202 Decrease 73
Democratic Party 217 Democratic Party 203 Decrease 14
Lega Nord Padania 60 Lega Nord Padania 58 Decrease 2
Union of the Centre 35 Union of the Centre for the Third Pole 36 Increase 1
Italy of Values 29 Italy of Values 15 Decrease 14
Future and Freedom for the Third Pole 24 Increase 24
People and Territory (We the South–Freedom and Autonomy, The Populars of Italy Tomorrow-PID, Movement of National Responsibility-MRN, Popular Action, Alliance of the Centre-AdC, Popular Agreement) 21 Increase 21
Mixed 14 Mixed 71 Increase 57
Movement for Autonomy 8 Movement for the Autonomies – Allied for the South 4 Decrease 4
Linguistic Minorities 3 Linguistic Minorities 3 Steady
Great South – PPA 10 Increase 10
Free Italy – Italian Populars – Populars for Europe – Liberals for Italy – Italian Liberal Party 10 Increase 10
Rights and Freedom 5 Increase 5
Democratic Centre 4 Increase 4
FareItalia for the Popular Constituent 4 Increase 4
Italian Republican Party – Actionists 4 Increase 4
Liberal DemocratsMAIE 3 Increase 3
Southern Autonomy – Lega Sud Ausonia – Souvereign Peoples of Europe 3 Increase 3
Liberal Initiative 3 Increase 3
Non inscrits 3 Non inscrits 18 Increase 15
Total seats 630 Total seats 630 Steady

Senate

The number of elected senators was 315. At the start of the legislature there were seven life senators (Francesco Cossiga, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro and Carlo Azeglio Ciampi as former Presidents, as well as nominated life senators Giulio Andreotti, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Emilio Colombo and Sergio Pininfarina), making the total number of senators 322. At the end of the legislature, after the deaths of Cossiga, Scalfaro, Levi-Montalcini and Pininfarina, and the nomination of a new life senator (Mario Monti) the total number of senators went down to 319.

Parliamentary groups in the Senate of the Republic
Initial composition[8] Final composition[9]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
The People of Freedom 146 The People of Freedom 113 Decrease 33
Democratic Party 119 Democratic Party 104 Decrease 15
Lega Nord Padania 26 Lega Nord Padania 22 Decrease 4
Italy of Values 14 Italy of Values 10 Decrease 4
UdC, SVP and Autonomies 11 Union of the Centre, SVP and Autonomies (Union Valdôtaine, MAIE, Towards North, European Republicans Movement, Italian Liberal Party, Italian Socialist Party) 16 Increase 5
For the Third Pole (ApIFLIDemocratic Centre) 13 Increase 13
National Cohesion (Great South – Yes Mayors – Populars of Italy Tomorrow – The Good Government – Fare Italia) 12 Increase 12
Brothers of Italy – National Centre-right 11 Increase 11
Mixed 6 Mixed 18 Increase 12
MPA – Movement for Autonomy 2 MPA – Movement for the Autonomies – Allied for the South 3 Increase 1
WE ARE THE COMMON PEOPLE Territorial Movement 2 Increase 2
Democratic Participation 2 Increase 2
Italian Republican Party 1 Increase 1
Movement of Autonomist Socialists 1 Increase 1
Rights and Freedom 1 Increase 1
Pensioners' Party 1 Increase 1
Democratic Union for Consumers 1 Increase 1
Non inscrits 4 Non inscrits 6 Increase 2
Total seats 322 Total seats 319 Decrease 3

References

  1. ^ "Camera.it - Home Page". camera.it. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  2. ^ "senato.it - Senato della Repubblica". www.senato.it. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  3. ^ Cottone, Nicoletta (6 February 2008). "Oggi Napolitano scioglie le camere" [Today Napolitano dissolves the houses]. Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Prodi sconfitto in Senato: cade il governo. Il premier al Quirinale: si è dimesso" [Prodi defeated in the Senate: the government falls. The Prime Minister at the Quirinal Palace: he resigned]. Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Rome. 24 January 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Napolitano scioglie le Camere: "Strada era segnata". Elezioni 24-25 febbraio" [Napolitano dissolves the houses: "The path was clear". Election on 24-25 February]. Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 22 December 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Modifiche ai gruppi parlamentari". camera.it. Chamber of Deputies. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Camera.it - XVI Legislatura - Deputati e Organi Parlamentari - Composizione gruppi Parlamentari". camera.it. Chamber of Deputies. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  8. ^ "senato.it - Composizione dei gruppi parlamentari nella XVI Legislatura". senato.it. Senate of the Republic. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  9. ^ "senato.it - Variazioni nei Gruppi parlamentari". senato.it. Senate of the Republic. Retrieved 1 March 2019.