Legislature XIV of Italy

The Olive Tree (Italy) Forza Italia Lega Nord

Legislature XIV of Italy

XIV legislatura della Repubblica Italiana
14th legislature
Type
Type
HousesChamber of Deputies
Senate of the Republic
History
Founded30 May 2001 (2001-05-30)
Disbanded27 April 2006 (2006-04-27) (4 years, 332 days)
Preceded byXIII Legislature
Succeeded byXV Legislature
Leadership
Marcello Pera, Forza Italia
since 30 May 2001
Pier Ferdinando Casini, UDC
since 31 May 2001
Structure
SeatsC: 610
S: 315 + 5
Italian Chamber of Deputies groups leg 14.svg
Chamber of Deputies political groups
Italian Senate groups leg 14.svg
Senate political groups
Elections
Scorporo
Scorporo
Last general election
13 May 2001
Meeting place
Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome (C)
Palazzo Madama, Rome (S)
Website
leg14.camera.it
www.senato.it/Leg14/home
Constitution
Constitution of Italy

The Legislature XIV of Italy (Italian: XIV Legislatura della Repubblica Italiana) started on 30 May 2001 and ended on 27 April 2006.[1][2] Its composition resulted from the general election of 13 May 2001. The election was called by President Ciampi, after he dissolved the houses of Parliament on 8 March 2001.[3] The legislature ended after its natural course of five years, soon after the houses were dissolved again by Ciampi on 11 February 2006.[4]

The election leading to the composition of this legislature was characterized by the use of decoy lists ("liste civetta") by both major coalitions (the House of Freedoms and the Olive Tree), in order to "de facto" turn the additional member system implemented by the electoral law into a parallel voting system.[5] In the case of the House of Freedoms, this tactic was so effective that Forza Italia did not have enough candidates for the seats that had won, missing out on 12 seats.[6]

Government

Composition

Chamber of Deputies

The number of elected deputies was 613. Although the total number of seats was of 630, at the start of the legislation it was not possible to assign the remaining 17 seats (distributed between the House of Freedoms and The Daisy) because of missing candidates in the electoral lists. Some of these seats were assigned later during the legislature.[7]

Parliamentary groups in the Chamber of Deputies
Initial composition[8] Final composition[8]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Forza Italia 178 Forza Italia 167 Decrease 11
Democrats of the LeftThe Olive Tree 137 Democrats of the LeftThe Olive Tree 129 Decrease 8
National Alliance 99 National Alliance 94 Decrease 5
The Daisy – DLThe Olive Tree 80 The Daisy – DLThe Olive Tree 80 Steady
CCDCDU White Flower 40 UDC Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (CCDCDU) 38 Decrease 2
Lega Nord Padania 30 Lega Nord Padania Federation 26 Decrease 4
Communist Refoundation 12 Increase 12
Mixed 49 Mixed 64 Increase 15
Italian Communists 9 Italian Communists 10 Increase 1
Linguistic Minorities 5 Linguistic Minorities 5 Steady
Communist Refoundation 11 Decrease 11
New PSI 3 Decrease 3
Populars – UDEUR 11 Increase 11
The Rose in the Fist 11 Increase 11
GreensThe Union 7 Increase 7
Liberal Democrats – RepublicansNew PSI 6 Increase 6
Democratic Ecologists 4 Increase 4
MRE – European Republicans Movement 3 Increase 3
Non inscrits 21 Non inscrits 7 Decrease 14
Total seats 613 Total seats 610 Decrease 3

Senate

The number of elected senators was 315. At the beginning of the legislature there were nine life senators (Giovanni Leone, Francesco Cossiga and Oscar Luigi Scalfaro as former Presidents, and the nominated life senators Carlo Bo, Norberto Bobbio, Gianni Agnelli, Giulio Andreotti, Francesco De Martino and Paolo Emilio Taviani). After the death of Leone, Bo, Bobbio, Agnelli, De Martino and Taviani, and the nomination of the new life senators Rita Levi-Montalcini, Emilio Colombo, Mario Luzi (who died in February 2005), Giorgio Napolitano and Sergio Pininfarina, the total number of senators at the end of the legislature was of 320.

Parliamentary groups in the Senate of the Republic
Initial composition[9] Final composition[10]
Parliamentary group Seats Parliamentary group Seats Change
Forza Italia 82 Forza Italia 76 Decrease 6
Democrats of the LeftThe Olive Tree 65 Democrats of the LeftThe Olive Tree 64 Decrease 1
National Alliance 45 National Alliance 46 Increase 1
Daisy 43 Daisy – DLThe Olive Tree 35 Decrease 8
CCDCDU: White Flower 29 Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (CCDCDU) 30 Increase 1
Lega Nord Padania 17 Lega Padana 17 Steady
For the Autonomies 10 For the Autonomies 10 Steady
GreensThe Olive Tree 10 GreensThe Union 10 Steady
Mixed 23 Mixed 34 Increase 11
Italian Democratic Socialists 6 Rose in the Fist 6 Steady
Communist Refoundation 4 Communist Refoundation 4 Steady
Party of Italian Communists 2 Party of Italian Communists 2 Steady
Freedom and Justice for the Olive Tree 1 Il Cantiere 2 Increase 1
Lega Autonomia Lombarda 1 Lega Autonomia Lombarda 1 Steady
New PSI 1 New PSI 1 Steady
Italian Republican Party 1 Italian Republican Party 1 Steady
MS – Tricolour Flame 1 MSI – Tricolour Flame 1 Steady
Lombard Territory Movement 1 Decrease 1
Populars – UDEUR 5 Increase 5
Italy of Values 2 Increase 2
House of Freedoms 1 Increase 1
Christian Democracy for the Autonomies 1 Increase 1
Non inscrits 5 Non inscrits 7 Increase 2
Total seats 324 Total seats 320 Decrease 4

References

  1. ^ "Senato della Repubblica". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ "La Camera dei Deputati - XIV Legislatura - Home page". leg14.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ "la Repubblica/politica: Il presidente Ciampi scioglie le Camere". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Repubblica.it » politica » Ciampi ha sciolto le Camere "Il confronto sia leale e corretto"". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  5. ^ Giancarlo, Mola. "la Repubblica/politica: L'abc delle liste civetta Cosa sono, come funzionano". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Rome. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Sistema elettorale – La questione dei seggi vacanti". leg15.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Relazione della Giunta delle Elezioni". leg14.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Camera dei Deputati - XIV legislatura - Organi Parlamentari- Gruppi Parlamentari- Composizione". camera.it. Chamber of Deputies. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  9. ^ "senato.it - Composizione dei gruppi parlamentari nella XIV Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  10. ^ "senato.it - Senatori cessati dal mandato nel corso della XIV Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.