Legislature XIV of Italy
Legislature XIV of Italy
XIV legislatura della Repubblica Italiana
|Houses||Chamber of Deputies|
Senate of the Republic
|Founded||30 May 2001|
|Disbanded||27 April 2006(4 years, 332 days)|
|Preceded by||XIII Legislature|
|Succeeded by||XV Legislature|
S: 315 + 5
Chamber of Deputies political groups
Senate political groups
Last general election
|13 May 2001|
|Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome (C)|
|Palazzo Madama, Rome (S)|
|Constitution of Italy|
The Legislature XIV of Italy (Italian: XIV Legislatura della Repubblica Italiana) started on 30 May 2001 and ended on 27 April 2006. Its composition resulted from the general election of 13 May 2001. The election was called by President Ciampi, after he dissolved the houses of Parliament on 8 March 2001. The legislature ended after its natural course of five years, soon after the houses were dissolved again by Ciampi on 11 February 2006.
The election leading to the composition of this legislature was characterized by the use of decoy lists ("liste civetta") by both major coalitions (the House of Freedoms and the Olive Tree), in order to "de facto" turn the additional member system implemented by the electoral law into a parallel voting system. In the case of the House of Freedoms, this tactic was so effective that Forza Italia did not have enough candidates for the seats that had won, missing out on 12 seats.
- Berlusconi II Cabinet (11 June 2001 – 23 April 2005)
- Berlusconi III Cabinet (23 April 2005 – 2 May 2006)
Chamber of Deputies
The number of elected deputies was 613. Although the total number of seats was of 630, at the start of the legislation it was not possible to assign the remaining 17 seats (distributed between the House of Freedoms and The Daisy) because of missing candidates in the electoral lists. Some of these seats were assigned later during the legislature.
- President: Pier Ferdinando Casini (UDC), elected on 31 May 2001
- Vice Presidents: Alfredo Biondi (FI), Publio Fiori (Mixed), Fabio Mussi (DS – L'Ulivo), Clemente Mastella (Mixed – UDEUR)
|Initial composition||Final composition|
|Parliamentary group||Seats||Parliamentary group||Seats||Change|
|Forza Italia||178||Forza Italia||167||11|
|Democrats of the Left – The Olive Tree||137||Democrats of the Left – The Olive Tree||129||8|
|National Alliance||99||National Alliance||94||5|
|The Daisy – DL – The Olive Tree||80||The Daisy – DL – The Olive Tree||80|
|CCD – CDU White Flower||40||UDC Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (CCD – CDU)||38||2|
|Lega Nord Padania||30||Lega Nord Padania Federation||26||4|
|Italian Communists||9||Italian Communists||10||1|
|Linguistic Minorities||5||Linguistic Minorities||5|
|Populars – UDEUR||11||11|
|The Rose in the Fist||11||11|
|Greens – The Union||7||7|
|Liberal Democrats – Republicans – New PSI||6||6|
|MRE – European Republicans Movement||3||3|
|Non inscrits||21||Non inscrits||7||14|
|Total seats||613||Total seats||610||3|
The number of elected senators was 315. At the beginning of the legislature there were nine life senators (Giovanni Leone, Francesco Cossiga and Oscar Luigi Scalfaro as former Presidents, and the nominated life senators Carlo Bo, Norberto Bobbio, Gianni Agnelli, Giulio Andreotti, Francesco De Martino and Paolo Emilio Taviani). After the death of Leone, Bo, Bobbio, Agnelli, De Martino and Taviani, and the nomination of the new life senators Rita Levi-Montalcini, Emilio Colombo, Mario Luzi (who died in February 2005), Giorgio Napolitano and Sergio Pininfarina, the total number of senators at the end of the legislature was of 320.
- President: Marcello Pera (FI), elected on 30 May 2001
- Vice Presidents: Roberto Calderoli (LN) until 20 July 2004, Domenico Fisichella (AN, then Mixed), Cesare Salvi (DS – L'Ulivo), Lamberto Dini (The Daisy), Francesco Moro (LN) from 29 September 2004
- "Senato della Repubblica". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "La Camera dei Deputati - XIV Legislatura - Home page". leg14.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "la Repubblica/politica: Il presidente Ciampi scioglie le Camere". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Repubblica.it » politica » Ciampi ha sciolto le Camere "Il confronto sia leale e corretto"". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- Giancarlo, Mola. "la Repubblica/politica: L'abc delle liste civetta Cosa sono, come funzionano". www.repubblica.it (in Italian). Rome. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Sistema elettorale – La questione dei seggi vacanti". leg15.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Relazione della Giunta delle Elezioni". leg14.camera.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Camera dei Deputati - XIV legislatura - Organi Parlamentari- Gruppi Parlamentari- Composizione". camera.it. Chamber of Deputies. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "senato.it - Composizione dei gruppi parlamentari nella XIV Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "senato.it - Senatori cessati dal mandato nel corso della XIV Legislatura". www.senato.it (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2019.