Legislative Assembly of Samoa
Legislative Assembly of Samoa
Fono Aoao Faitulafono o Samoa
since 16 March 2016
Length of term
|4 March 2016|
|Maota, Tiafau, Apia|
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politics and government of
In the Samoan language, the Legislative Assembly of Samoa is sometimes referred to as the Samoan Fono while the government of the country is referred to as the Malo.
The word fono is a Samoan and Polynesian term for councils or meetings great and small and applies to national assemblies and legislatures, as well as local village councils.
The Samoan Fono is descended from the Western Samoa Legislative Assembly established under New Zealand rule in the early 1900s. On the country's political independence in 1962, the 5th Legislative Assembly became the 1st Samoan Parliament.
Members of Parliament
The Samoan Fono has 49 Members of Parliament. 47 members are matai (traditional heads of families), elected in six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. The other 2 Members are elected by, and represent, individual voters, i.e. "Samoan citizens descended from non-Samoans". An extra Member of Parliament was added after the 2016 election in order to meet the quota of 10% female MPs.
Members of Parliament in Samoa are directly elected by universal suffrage, and serve a five-year term.
Head of State
The Head of State or O le Ao o le Malo is elected for a five-year term by the Fono.
Elections are held under a simple plurality system. Samoan electors are divided into six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. In addition, two seats are reserved for "individual voters", non-indigenous citizens who may not hold a chiefly title or any customary interest in Samoan land.
Last election results
|Human Rights Protection Party||45,816||57.30||35||+6|
|Tautua Samoa Party||6,432||8.04||2||–11|
The Fono is responsible for electing the O le Ao o le Malo, the Samoan head of state.
Terms of the Fono
The Fono is currently in its 16th term.
The Fono is housed in a bee-hive shaped building based on the traditional Samoan fale.
- Electoral Constituencies of Samoa
- List of Speakers of the Legislative Assembly of Samoa
- Politics of Samoa
- List of legislatures by country
- Fana'afi Le Tagaloa, Aiono (1986). Western Samoa the Sacred Covenant. Land rights of Pacific women. University of the South Pacific;Institute of Pacific Studies. p. 103. ISBN 982-02-0012-1. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Parliament of Samoa: general information Archived June 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Samoa PM accused of racism over anti-Chinese remark". RNZ. 21 January 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
- "Fa'aulusau Rosa Duffy-Stowers secures 5th Parliamentary seat for women". Talamua Online. 11 March 2016. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- Electoral Act 1963, s16 Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Electoral Act 1963, s5 Archived October 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine