Lega Nord Alto Adige – Südtirol

Lega Nord Die Freiheitlichen Category:CS1 maint: archived copy as title
Infinite Construction - STEAM
Northern League Alto Adige – South Tyrol

Lega Nord Alto Adige – Südtirol
SecretaryMaurizio Bosatra
(federal commissioner)
Presidentvacant
Founded1991
IdeologyPopulism
Federalism
Regionalism[1]
National affiliationLega Nord
Provincial Council
4 / 35
Website
www.leganordaltoadigesuedtirol.org

Lega Nord Alto Adige – Südtirol (German: Nordliga Südtirol - Südtirol, NSS, English: Northern League Alto Adige – South Tyrol, LNST) is a regionalist[1] political party, the "national" (hence, provincial) section of Lega Nord in South Tyrol, Italy.

Like the Greens, the LNST is an inter-ethnic party.[2]

History

Foundation and early years

The party was founded in Bolzano in 1992, obtaining 3.6% in that year's general election. Its first and founding national secretary was Umberto Montefiori, who was elected to the Provincial Council in the 1993 regional election, when the party obtained 3.0% of the vote. Montefiori, a retired official of the Carabinieri[3] and close ally of Irene Pivetti, disagreed with Lega Nord's separatist turn after the 1996 general election and left the party, along with Pivetti, shortly after.[4]

In 1997 the party, deprived of its most recognisable leader and only provincial councillor, was trying to join forces with "Alliance 98", formed by Christian Waldner after his ejection from Die Freiheitlichen (dF) in 1994, when Waldner was shot dead by Peter Paul Reiner, a former political ally who had remained a leading member of dF.[5][3] The event brought down the only chance that LNST had at the time to flourish again.[3] In the 1998 provincial election the party thus obtained a mere 0.9% of the vote. The result of 2003 was even worse: 0.5% of the vote. This was enough for Lega Nord's federal leadership to find ways in order to enlarge the party toward the 2008 provincial election.[3]

Enlarging the party's tent

In the 2008 provincial election, the LNST fielded a heterogenous list with both Italian- and German-speaking candidates. In the run-up to the election the party was joined by Roland Atz, former Vice President of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Region and leading member of the South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), Elena Artioli, another SVP splinter and one of the few multilingual members of that party before it restricted its membership to German- and Ladin-speakers, and Paolo Bassani, a centrist politician who had been previously member of the Italian Liberal Party, Forza Italia and finally the Italian Republican Party.[6][7] This strategy, designed by Roberto Calderoli,[8][9] prompted Kurt Pancheri to resign from national secretary.[6][10] In the election the LNST won the 2.1% of the vote and Artioli was elected to the Provincial Council.[11]

In January 2013 Artioli was elected national secretary of the party, ending five years of transitional leadership provided by the federal party.[12] In May she announced that the party would run in the 2013 provincial election as part of the Team Autonomies/Team Artioli (Team A), a larger autonomist and inter-ethnic electoral list inspired to the Austrian Team Stronach.[13] Later, in September, the Team A was integrated into the "Forza Alto Adige–Lega Nord–Team Autonomies" list, along with The People of Freedom.[14][15] In the October election the list took 2.5% of the vote.[16] Artioli was the only candidate elected.[17] In January 2014, at the very beginning of the Council term, Artioli voted in favour of SVP's Arno Kompatscher in a vote of confidence,[18] consequently left Lega Nord[19] and joined the Democratic Party.[20]

Recent history

In the run-up of the 2014 European Parliament election Lega Nord formed a pact with Die Freiheitlichen (dF), according to which the dF's symbol and candidates were included in the party's slates.[21][22] In the 2015 municipal election in Bolzano, for mayor, the LNST supported Carlo Vettori, who had joined the party just two years before and styled himself as a strong supporter of the party's "inter-ethnic" identity,[23] and gained 11.0% of the vote.[24] In Laives LNST's Christian Bianchi was elected mayor with the support of the SVP and the Five Star Movement (M5S).[25][26] The new course and, especially, Artioli's exit brought Pancheri back into the party's fold.[27] Bolzano returned to vote in 2016: the LNST, that tried to forge an alliance with the SVP[28] and finally supported a joint centre-right candidate, was reduced to 9.0%.[29]

In the 2018 general election the party won 9.6%, as part of a general surge of the federal party.

In the 2018 provincial election the party won 11.1%, its best result ever in the province. After the election, it joined forces with the SVP as junior partner in the provincial government. Giuliano Vettorato and Massimo Bessone were appointed vice president and minister, respectively.[30][31]

Ideology

LNST presents itself as a party "inspired by the principles of Christianity", representing South Tyroleans, regardless their language or ethnicity, including multilingual people. In fact, according to its program, the main goals of the party is to enhance the collaboration and the interaction of the three language groups (Italian, German and Ladin) and to legally recognize the reality of multilingual people (i.e. citizens who identify with two linguistic identities). The party professes also a libertarian credo and one of its slogans is "less Province, more private", while emphasizing family, education and health-care issues.[32][33]

Popular support

The party is a tiny one compared to other "national sections" of Lega Nord. Its results in the Province of Bolzano are shown in the tables below.

1992 general 1993 provincial 1994 general 1996 general 1998 provincial 1999 European 2001 general 2003 provincial 2004 European 2006 general 2008 general 2008 provincial 2009 European
3.6 3.0 2.4 4.3 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 2.0 2.1 4.8
2013 general 2013 provincial 2014 European 2018 general 2018 provincial
0.9 2.5[a] 6.0[b] 9.6 11.1
  1. ^ Joint list with Forza Alto Adige.
  2. ^ Joint list with Die Freiheitlichen.

Leadership

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "South Tyrol/Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ "Archivio Corriere della Sera". archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Giù la maschera!". 10 December 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Pivetti Fondera' un Suo Movmento". La Repubblica. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  5. ^ "L' omicida e' l' ideologo degli Schuetzen" (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. 22 February 1997.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2008-09-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Di lista in lista I navigatori della politica - Alto Adige". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  8. ^ Redazione - Sab, 09/08/2008 - 02:08. "La "Südtiroler" annusa laria" (in Italian). Il Giornale. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  9. ^ http://espresso.repubblica.it/dettaglio-local/%C2%ABNoi-ci-siamo-ma-l-Svp-ora-si-smarchi%C2%BB/2036877[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ http://espresso.repubblica.it/dettaglio-local/La-Lega-targata-S%C3%BCdtirol/2043254/6[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ http://www.siag.it/. "Referendum consultivo provinciale 2016 - Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige". elezioni.provincia.bz.it. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Elena Artioli eletta segretario provinciale della Lega Nord". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Provinciali, nasce il "Team Artioli"". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  14. ^ "Patto con la Biancofiore: la Artioli si candida capolista con Forza Italia". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Biancofiore candida l'Artioli capolista". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  16. ^ http://www.siag.it/. "Referendum consultivo provinciale 2016 - Provincia autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige". elezioni.provincia.bz.it. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2014-11-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "È bufera sulla Artioli "Lo ha fatto per un posto"". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Elena Artioli lascia la Lega Fugatti torna commissario". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  20. ^ "Elena Artioli migra al Pd e diventa coordinatrice liberal: oggi l'ok da Renzi". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  21. ^ Europee: la Lega con un nuovo simbolo e la scritta Autonomie | L'Indipendenza Archived 2014-04-07 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Freiheitlichen altoatesini con Lega Nord - Trentino-Alto Adige/Suedtirol". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  23. ^ ""La sicurezza è una cosa seria. Io lo so"". Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Comune di Bolzano/Bozen - Trentino-Alto Adige - Ballottaggio - Elezioni Comunali - 10 maggio 2015". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  25. ^ "In Alto Adige la prima alleanza in un Comune tra M5S e centrodestra". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  26. ^ ""Accordo Lega-Cinque stelle" la voce che scuote la politica" (in Italian). Ilgiornale.it. 2015-06-20. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  27. ^ "La Lega sceglie Vettori: serve più sicurezza". Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  28. ^ "Salvini: "Pronti a governare con la Svp"". Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Comune di Bolzano/Bozen - Trentino-Alto Adige - Ballottaggio - Elezioni Comunali - Risultati - 8 maggio 2016". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  30. ^ https://www.rainews.it/tgr/trento/articoli/2019/01/tnt-giunta-provinciale-bolzano-lista-assessori-Kompatscher.-779f1e3a-ee3e-4a2a-9a96-4d1d62be2ef5.html
  31. ^ http://www.ladige.it/news/politica/2019/01/18/kompatscher-bis-ecco-giunta-svp-lega
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2008-10-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2008-10-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)