Historical relations between Spain and Latvia began during the first period of independence, and were re-established in October 1991.
Since Latvia's entry into the EU and NATO, relations with Spain have seen positive developments, including the opening of the Spanish Embassy in Riga in 2004, and Latvia's Diplomatic Representation in Madrid.
In 2009 Latvian representatives visited the State of the Kings of Spain, which culminated this first stage of bilateral approach.
While Latvia is not subject to Official Spanish Development Assistance, cooperation in the cultural and educational field is growing. Several Spanish universities have signed agreements with counterparts in Latvia, and the number of Erasmus students in Spain continues to grow. The AECID finances two lectorates in each University of Riga.
Spanish artists travel to Riga to participate in major dance or music festivals, as part of Latvia's cultural programming.
The Latvian Academy of Culture teaches a degree of specialization in Spanish language and culture. The University of Latvia teaches a master's degree in Romanesque Studies, both with the support of the AECID's lecturer program.
- TURESPAÑA (23 April 2007). "Embajada de Letonia en España". Spain.info (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- Lista de Consulados extranjeros en España Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Ficha de Letonia Oficina de Imformación Diplomática. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación. Sección: Datos de Representación.
- Ficha de Letonia Oficina de Imformación Diplomática. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación. Sección: Relaciones diplomáticas.
- Ficha de Letonia Oficina de Imformación Diplomática. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación. Sección: Cooperación.