The Landscape Institute (LI) is a British professional body for landscape practitioners, including landscape architects, landscape planners, landscape managers and urban designers. Founded in 1929 as the Institute of Landscape Architects (ILA), it was granted a Royal Charter in 1997. The Institute aims to promote landscape architecture, and to regulate the profession with a code of conduct that members must abide by. In 2019 the total membership of the LI was 5,613 .
Development of the profession
The growth of landscape architecture has been led by government legislation since the 1940s, such as the New Towns Act (1946) which required landscape master plans to be prepared, and the European Environmental Impact Assessment Directive EIA Directive (85/337/EEC) (1985) which has led to the increase in environmental impact assessments. From the 1950s to the 1980s, the public sector, particularly local authorities, were the largest employers of landscape architects, with a minority working in private practice. Today the private sector is the larger employer, although the largest single employer of landscape architects in the UK are the charitable Groundwork Trusts.
Thomas Mawson was the first President of the Institute of Landscape Architects (ILA) in 1929, and also one of the first professionals in the UK (along with Patrick Geddes) to use 'landscape architect' as a professional title. Before becoming President of the ILA, Mawson had been a President of the Town Planning Institute. His own career had developed from garden design to urban design.
The Affiliate membership category is an open category with minimal requirements. To become a professional member, however, candidates must first have completed an LI-accredited university course or alternatively be assessed as a special case for admission as a Associate. Following this they proceed along the Pathway to Chartership (P2C), a mentored and supervised programme of learning which culminates in an interview with two examiners who are senior members of the profession, once the candidate has attained an agreed level of competency. This process was formerly known as 'Part IV' of the Landscape Institute's own design examination. Parts I to III were replaced by the system of accredited degree courses in the mid 1980s.
Only fully qualified members of the LI are permitted to use the protected title 'Chartered Member of the Landscape Institute' and the designation 'CMLI'. Chartered membership of the LI is accepted throughout Europe, The USA, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. while many countries who lack their own chartered professional body for Landscape Architects recognized as a badge of excellence.
In 2008, the LI, supported by CABE launched a campaign, projected to run for five years, to increase the number of Landscape Architects in the UK. Entitled I want to be a Landscape Architect, it focused on increasing the number of postgraduate and undergraduate students taking LI accredited courses.
As of July 2018, the I want to be a Landscape Architect initiative was replaced by a brand new careers campaign entitled #ChooseLandscape, which aims to raise awareness of landscape as a profession; improve and increase access to landscape education; and inspire young people to choose landscape as a career. This new campaign includes other landscape-related professions such as landscape management, landscape planning, landscape science and urban design.
The LI is one of the steering group partners of Neighbourhoods Green, a partnership initiative which works with social landlords and housing associations to highlight the importance of, and raise the overall quality of design and management for, open and green space in social housing. It is also represented on the Board of The Parks Alliance and Building with Nature and has Memoranda of Understanding with the Institute of Place Management (IPM) and NAAONB.
Like most professional membership bodies the activities of the LI including maintaining a membership database, member communications including newsletters and the Journal, CPD, professional examinations, enforcing a Code of Conduct, policy and technical outputs, and advocacy. In 2018 major projects were undertaken to develop a new CRM and a new competency framework.
The LI's more significant publications include: Guidance for Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment 3rd Ed. (jointly with IEMA), Visualisation of Development and BIM for Landscape
Library and archive
The Institute of Landscape Architects, which was the Landscape Institute's previous name, built up a collection of library books and archives relating to the practice of design and management with the purpose of creating a national landscape collection. The book library was formally established in the 1960s. The archive collections began in the 1990s as landscape architects died and their collections were bequeathed, donated, or actively collected by the Institute. In 2013 the Landscape Institute Archive and Library was gifted to the Museum of English Rural Life (MERL) at the University of Reading and is available to both Institute members and other researchers . It receives some financial support from the Landscape Institute. The Friends of the Landscape Library and Archive at Reading (FOLAR) promotes the archive and encourages its use .
Presidents of the Landscape Institute are elected by LI members for a two-year term. Past Presidents of the Institute of Landscape Architects/Landscape Institute
- 2020-22 Jane Findlay
- 2018-20 Adam White
- 2016-18 Merrick Denton-Thompson
- 2014-16 Noel Farrer
- 2012-14 Sue Illman
- 2010-12 Jo Watkins
- 2008-10 Neil Williamson
- 2006-08 Nigel Thorne
- 2004-06 Kathryn Moore
- 2002-04 Rod Edwards
- 2000-02 David Jarvis
- 1999-2000 Tim Gale
- 1997-99 Richard Burden
- 1995-97 Alan Tate
- 1993-95 Michael Ellison
- 1991-93 Hugh Clamp
- 1989-91 Andrew Bannister
- 1987-89 Cedric Lisney
- 1985-87 John Whalley
- 1983-85 David Randall
- 1981-83 Brian Clouston
- 1979-81 Hal Moggridge
- 1977-79 Arnold Weddle
- 1975-77 William Gillespie
- 1973-75 Cliff Tandy
- 1971-73 Derek Lovejoy
- 1971 Cliff Tandy
- 1969-71 John St Bodfan Gruffyd
- 1967-69 Brian Hackett
- 1965-67 Peter Shepheard
- 1963-65 Leslie Milner-White
- 1961-63 Peter Youngman
- 1959-61 Frank Clark
- 1957-59 Sylvia Crowe
- 1955-57 Richard Sudell
- 1953-55 James Adams
- 1951-53 Brenda Colvin
- 1949-51 Thomas Sharp
- 1939-49 Geoffrey Jellicoe
- 1937-39 Thomas Adams
- 1935-37 Gilbert Jenkins
- 1930-31 Edward Prentice-Mawson
- 1931-33 Edward White
- 1930-31 Thomas Mawson
- Landscape architecture
- Landscape planning
- Schools of landscape architecture
- Environmental impact assessment
- Garden designer
- History of gardening
- Geoffrey Jellicoe
- Construction Industry Council
- Landscape Institute Performance Report 2018/2019 (in members section of Landscape Institute website)
- "Journal Issue | Landscape Institute". Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "Landscape Institute · IFLA World". Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "Join the LI | Landscape Institute Members". Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- International Recognition Archived 2009-07-01 at the Wayback Machine, Landscape Institute.
- Gosling, Ben. "#ChooseLandscape launches next month – here's how to get involved | Landscape Institute". Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "Choose Your Career – Chooselandscape". Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "Homepage : Neighbourhoods Green". www.neighbourhoodsgreen.org.uk. Retrieved 2019-01-31.
- "MERL". www.reading.ac.uk/merl/collections/Archives_A_to_Z/merl-SR_LI.aspx/. Retrieved 2020-09-03.
- "FOLAR". www.folar.uk/. Retrieved 2020-09-03.