Sir Lamberto Dini
|51st Prime Minister of Italy|
17 January 1995 – 17 May 1996
|President||Oscar Luigi Scalfaro|
|Preceded by||Silvio Berlusconi|
|Succeeded by||Romano Prodi|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
17 May 1996 – 11 June 2001
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi |
|Preceded by||Susanna Agnelli|
|Succeeded by||Renato Ruggiero|
|Minister of Justice|
19 October 1995 – 16 February 1996
|Preceded by||Filippo Mancuso|
|Succeeded by||Vincenzo Caianiello|
|Minister of the Treasury|
10 May 1994 – 17 May 1996
|Prime Minister||Silvio Berlusconi |
|Preceded by||Piero Barucci|
|Succeeded by||Carlo Azeglio Ciampi|
|Director General of the Bank of Italy|
8 October 1979 – 11 May 1994
|Deputy||Mario Sarcinelli |
Alfredo Persiani Acerbo
|Preceded by||Carlo Azeglio Ciampi|
|Succeeded by||Vincenzo Desario|
|Member of the Senate|
30 May 2001 – 14 March 2013
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
9 March 1996 – 29 May 2001
1 March 1931
Florence, Tuscany, Kingdom of Italy
|Political party||Italian Renewal|
The People of Freedom
|Height||1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Spouse(s)||Donatella Pasquali Zingone|
|Residence||Rome, Lazio, Italy|
|Alma mater||University of Florence|
University of Minnesota
University of Michigan
Early life and career
After studying Economics in his native city of Florence, Dini took up a post at the International Monetary Fund in 1959, where he worked his way up until he served as Executive Director for Italy, Greece, Portugal and Malta between 1976 and 1979. Then, in October 1979, he moved to the Banca d'Italia, where he served as executive until May 1994. When the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, with whom Dini had developed a rivalry, was called upon to serve as Prime Minister in April 1993, Dini was widely tipped to succeed him, but was passed over (allegedly on Ciampi's instigation) in favour of Antonio Fazio.
Dini scored a comeback, though, when Silvio Berlusconi formed the Berlusconi I Cabinet in May 1994, in which Dini served as Treasury Minister. Due to a split between Berlusconi and his coalition partner Umberto Bossi, the Lega Nord leader, Berlusconi's government collapsed in December 1994, after a mere seven months in power. In January 1995, Dini was appointed as Prime Minister by President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro. Dini also took the portfolio for treasury in the cabinet and was a non-elected prime minister and minister. Though he was not noted as a left-winger, he was given the confidence vote of the left-wing parties (apart from the Communist Refoundation Party) and by Lega Nord, whereas his erstwhile partners in the right-wing government chose to abstain whilst citing benevolence. His cabinet was a technocratic one.
The Olive Tree
In April 1996 a general election was called, in which Berlusconi's House of Freedoms coalition, minus the Lega Nord, was pitted against that of Romano Prodi, The Olive Tree. Relations between Dini and Berlusconi had seriously soured by then, and Dini chose to join The Olive Tree with his own centrist party, Italian Renewal. Dini was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies, and served for the entire term as Minister of Foreign Affairs in four successive centre-left governments, under Prodi, Massimo D'Alema in two separate, successive cabinets, and finally Giuliano Amato.
His party has merged into The Daisy, a larger party formed out of several centrist parties belonging to the centre-left coalition. The May 2001 the general election was won by Berlusconi and his allies (including, once again, Lega Nord), which led to Berlusconi forming his second government in June. Dini was elected to the Italian Senate, and, in this capacity, served as a delegate to the Convention in charge of drafting the European Constitution (February 2002 – July 2003).
The People of Freedom
In September 2007, a month before Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy merged with the Democrats of the Left to form the new big tent centre-left Democratic Party, Dini broke away from The Daisy to form the Liberal Democrats, a new incarnation of Italian Renewal. As protagonist of the defeat of the government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi in a January 2008 Senate vote, in view of the 2008 Italian general election Dini joined The People of Freedom, the newly created Italian liberal-conservative party led by Silvio Berlusconi.
On 29 April 2009, the Japanese government announced that it awarded Dini the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun; the honour was presented to him by the Emperor and the Japanese Prime Minister in a formal ceremony in May 2009.
- Profile of Lamberto Dini
- Maria Green Cowles (2001). Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change. Cornell University Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-8014-8671-5. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- Bohlen, Celestine (14 January 1995). "Italy Names Banker With No Party Ties New Prime Minister". The New York Times. p. 1.
- Barry, Colleen (13 December 2012). "Europe shrugs at Berlusconi's political ambitions". Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 December 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Japan Today Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine