View of La Malbaie, Quebec
In Fide Plantati et Radicati
Location within Charlevoix-Est RCM
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||December 1, 1999|
|• Mayor||Michel Couturier|
|• Federal riding||Beauport—Côte-de-Beaupré—Île d'Orléans—Charlevoix|
|• Prov. riding||Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré|
|• Total||695.90 km2 (268.69 sq mi)|
|• Land||459.24 km2 (177.31 sq mi)|
|• Density||18.0/km2 (47/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2011–2016||6.7%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
|Highways|| Route 138 |
La Malbaie is a municipality in the Charlevoix-Est Regional County Municipality in the province of Quebec, Canada, situated on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River, at the mouth of the Malbaie River. It was formerly known as Murray Bay.
The development of tourism in this area is said to date back to 1760, when the Scottish feudal lords John Nairne and Malcolm Fraser began receiving visitors to the region at their estates. The Manoir Richelieu (currently serving as a hotel) and Casino de Charlevoix are both located in the neighbourhood and former municipality of Pointe-au-Pic.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain visited the area. He could not find suitable anchorage for his ship in the bay and therefore named it Malle Baye (archaic French for "bad bay"), a name further justified when during low tide the bay dried up and his ships ran aground.
In 1761, two Scottish officers of the British Army were attracted to the beauty of the place, and they each sought to obtain a concession. John Nairne (1731–1802) received the western shores of the Malbaie River, that he thereafter called the Seignory of Murray Bay that included the settlement of La Malbaie. Malcolm Fraser (1733–1815) was granted the eastern part that became the Seignory of Mount Murray. They also renamed the bay, the settlement, and river after James Murray (1721–1794), British General and successor of Wolfe. Although this name never received official approval, in the 18th and 19th centuries Murray Bay had become the internationally accepted toponym, but La Malbaie remained in local use.
In 1774, the Parish of Saint-Étienne was formed. In 1845, the place was first incorporated as the Municipality of La Malbaie, but it was abolished in 1847.
It was reestablished in 1855 as the Parish Municipality of Saint-Étienne-de-Murray-Bay. In 1896, the village itself separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of La Malbaie.
Murray Bay is the site of the summer home of the Taft family, including U.S. President William Howard Taft. The residents of Murray Bay were very demonstrative in their affection for Taft, referring to him as "le petit juge," lifting their caps to him as he drove by, and performing burlesque sketches during the winter months in which he was played by the largest villager. They burned a candle at the time of his death, and spat upon hearing of his betrayal by Theodore Roosevelt.
In 1957, Saint-Étienne-de-Murray-Bay was renamed to Saint-Etienne-de-la-Malbaie. A year later, the Village Municipality of La Malbaie changed status and became the Town of La Malbaie, that annexed the parish municipality in 1965.
On February 15, 1995, the Town of La Malbaie and the Village Municipality of Pointe-au-Pic merged to form the Town of La Malbaie–Pointe-au-Pic. On December 1, 1999, the Municipalities of Rivière-Malbaie and Saint-Fidèle, the Village Municipality of Cap-à-l'Aigle, the Parish Municipality of Sainte-Agnès, and the Town of La Malbaie–Pointe-au-Pic were amalgamated to form the new Town of La Malbaie.
La Malbaie is located in the Charlevoix Seismic Zone, which is the most active seismic zone in Eastern Canada. La Malbaie is notable for having an extremely high seismic risk, although a significant earthquake has not occurred in the region recently.
- Mother tongue:
- English as first language: 0.4%
- French as first language: 98.0%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 1.6%
List of Mayors
The following is a list of Mayors of La Malbaie.
- Joseph Couturier, 1905–1906
- Alphonse Guay, 1907–1914
- Joseph-Arthur Lapointe, 1915–1916; 1921–1924
- Joseph-Edouard Cauchon, 1917–1920
- Rolland Warren, 1920
- Joseph T. Tremblay, 1925–1930
- Ernest Carré, 1930–1939
- Ludovic Couturier, 1939–1941
- Jean-Charles Rochette, 1941–1948
- Alcide Harvey, 1948–1951
- Henri-Paul Couturier, 1951
- Boris Maltais, 1951–1958
- Martial Asselin, 1958–1963
- Louis-Philippe Dufour, 1964–1965
- Paul X. Laberge, 1966–1970
- Lucien Harvey, 1970–1986
- Claudette B. Bergeron, 1986–1989
- Jules Maltais, 1989–1995
- Jean Lajoie, 1995
- Louis Bergeron, 1995–2002
- Jean-Luc Simard, 2002–2009
- Lise Lapointe, 2009-2013
- Michel Couturier, 2013–present
Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu
The Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu is a hotel under the Fairmont Hotels and Resorts banner. The first hotel was built in 1899; the current building was completed in 1929 to replace the first building destroyed by a fire.
- Laure Conan (1845–1924), pen name of Marie-Louise-Félicité Angers, French-Canadian novelist
- Charlevoix-Est Regional County Municipality
- Cap-à-l'Aigle, a sector of La Malbaie
- 1925 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake
- Charlevoix tourist train
- Malbaie River
- Comporté River
- Jacob River (Quebec)
- Port au Saumon River
- Mailloux River
- Rivière Jean-Noël Nord-Est
- Rivière de Chicago
- Hautes-Gorges-de-la-Rivière-Malbaie National Park
- List of cities in Quebec
- "La Malbaie (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire – Répertoire des municipalités: La Malbaie Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "(Code 2415013) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- Vignola, Louis. "LE PRÉSIDENT TAFT DE RETOUR À LA MALBAIE". ChioFM Charlevoix. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
- Pringle, Henry (1939). The Life and Times of William Howard Taft. 1. New York: Farrar and Rinehart. pp. 123-4.
- Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
- "Earthquake zones in Eastern Canada". Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "Liste des conseils municipaux" (in French). Ville de La Malbaie. Archived from the original on 2009-09-23. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- "Hotels in Charlevoix: Le Manoir Richelieu Luxury Hotel in Quebec". Fairmont.com. Retrieved 2016-09-17.