Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis, Quebec

La Haute-Gaspésie Regional County Municipality Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine Quebec
Infinite Construction - STEAM
Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis
Mont-Louis-2003 automne.jpg
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Saint-Maxime- du-Mont-Louis is located in Eastern Quebec
Saint-Maxime- du-Mont-Louis
Saint-Maxime-
du-Mont-Louis
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 49°14′N 65°44′W / 49.233°N 65.733°W / 49.233; -65.733Coordinates: 49°14′N 65°44′W / 49.233°N 65.733°W / 49.233; -65.733[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionGaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCMLa Haute-Gaspésie
ConstitutedJune 10, 1884
Government
 • MayorGuy Bernatchez
 • Federal ridingHaute-Gaspésie—La
Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
 • Prov. ridingGaspé
Area
 • Total229.50 km2 (88.61 sq mi)
 • Land231.60 km2 (89.42 sq mi)
 There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
Elevation15.20 m (49.87 ft)
Population
 • Total1,118
 • Density4.8/km2 (12/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 6.4%
 • Dwellings
598
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Route 198
Websitewww.st-maxime.qc.ca

Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis is a municipality in Quebec, Canada. Located in the administrative region of Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine and the regional county municipality of La Haute-Gaspésie, the municipality comprises the communities of Mont-Louis, Ruisseau-des-Olives, L'Anse-Pleureuse, Les Côtes-du-Portage and Gros-Morne.

The municipality had a population of 1,118 as of the Canada 2011 Census.[3]

The eponymous Mount Louis is one of two prominent hills that line the Bay of Mont-Louis (the other being Mount Saint-Pierre). The 465-metre-high (1,526 ft) hill was named after King Louis XIV of France.[1][5]

History

Gros-Morne circa 1930

The place was first inhabited by twelve families in 1697 and fifty-three in 1699, but was abandoned by 1702. Later that century, fishing businesses set up in the Mont-Louis Bay, east of the mouth of the Mont-Louis River. It was considered at that time as the best location on the Saint Lawrence River for cod fishing. In 1758, the post was destroyed by General James Wolfe during his Gulf of St. Lawrence Campaign.[1]

By 1863, Mont-Louis had grown to 200 inhabitants, and four years later, the Parish of Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis was founded, which was named after Maxime Tardif (1821–1850), a secretary to Bishop Pierre-Flavien Turgeon. In 1884, the municipality was established, taking its name from the parish.[1]

Demographics

Population

Historical Census Data - Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis, Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
1991 1,582—    
1996 1,499−5.2%
YearPop.±%
2001 1,288−14.1%
2006 1,194−7.3%
YearPop.±%
2011 1,118−6.4%

Climate

The locality has a humid continental climate in spite of its marine position with quite cold and snowy winters combined with warm but relatively short summers. Due to its seasonal lag, September is quite some way above the 10 °C (50 °F) threshold for continental above subarctic, but the fifth-warmest month May is some way cooler than that. However, the lag is not as intense as in other eastern Canadian localities, with July being significantly warmer than August.

Climate data for Mont-Louis
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12
(54)
15.6
(60.1)
20
(68)
30
(86)
31
(88)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
35.6
(96.1)
32.2
(90.0)
26.7
(80.1)
21.7
(71.1)
17.8
(64.0)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −7.2
(19.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
5.7
(42.3)
12.8
(55.0)
19.1
(66.4)
22.1
(71.8)
20.9
(69.6)
15.8
(60.4)
9.3
(48.7)
3
(37)
−3.6
(25.5)
7.6
(45.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−10.6
(12.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
1.8
(35.2)
8.1
(46.6)
14
(57)
17.3
(63.1)
16.3
(61.3)
11.4
(52.5)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−7.4
(18.7)
3.3
(37.9)
Average low °C (°F) −16.1
(3.0)
−15.1
(4.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−2.1
(28.2)
3.3
(37.9)
8.9
(48.0)
12.5
(54.5)
11.7
(53.1)
7
(45)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.2
(11.8)
−1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−30
(−22)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−17
(1)
−10
(14)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.1
(34.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−9.4
(15.1)
−20
(−4)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−35
(−31)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.1
(2.52)
47.6
(1.87)
64.8
(2.55)
62.1
(2.44)
66.7
(2.63)
76
(3.0)
84.7
(3.33)
91.6
(3.61)
83.5
(3.29)
94.1
(3.70)
70
(2.8)
79.8
(3.14)
885
(34.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.3
(0.17)
1.8
(0.07)
12.4
(0.49)
35.9
(1.41)
64.2
(2.53)
76
(3.0)
84.7
(3.33)
91.6
(3.61)
83.5
(3.29)
91.6
(3.61)
37.4
(1.47)
13.3
(0.52)
596.5
(23.48)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 59.9
(23.6)
45.9
(18.1)
52.3
(20.6)
26.2
(10.3)
2.5
(1.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.5
(1.0)
32.6
(12.8)
66.6
(26.2)
288.5
(113.6)
Source: Environment Canada[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  2. ^ a b "Saint-Maxime-du-Mont-Louis". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  3. ^ a b c d "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  4. ^ a b Environment Canada, Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 2011-12-15
  5. ^ "Mont Louis". Peakery. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census