Kingdom of Butua

Enlarge History of Zimbabwe Rozwi Empire

Kingdom of Butua

1450–c. 1683
Common languagesiKalanga
Belief in Mwari
• Abandonment of Zimbabwe
• Conquest by Rozwi Empire
c. 1683
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Zimbabwe
Rozwi Empire
Part of a series on the
History of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe Bird
Ancient history
Leopard's Kopje c.900–1075
Mapungubwe Kingdom c.1075–1220
Zimbabwe Kingdom c.1220–1450
Butua Kingdom c.1450–1683
Mutapa Kingdom c.1450–1760
White settlement pre-1923
Rozvi Empire c.1684–1834
Mthwakazi 1838–1894
Rudd Concession 1888
BSA Company rule 1890–1923
First Matabele War 1893–1894
Second Matabele War 1896–1897
World War I involvement 1914–1918
Colony of Southern Rhodesia 1923–1980
World War II involvement 1939–1945
Malayan Emergency
Federation with Northern
Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Rhodesian Bush War 1964–1979
Rhodesia under UDI 1965–1979
Zimbabwe-Rhodesia June–Dec 1979
Dec 1979
British Dependency 1979–1980
Zimbabwe 1980–present
Gukurahundi 1982–1987
Second Congo War 1998–2003
Coup d'état 2017
The ruins of Khami, capital of the Butua Kingdom.
Steps leading into the ancient city of Khami.
The outer wall of Khami

The Kingdom of Butua[pronunciation?] or Butwa (c. 1450 - 1683) was a pre-colonial African state located in what is now southwestern Zimbabwe. Butua was renowned as the source of gold for Arab and Portuguese traders. The region was first mentioned in Portuguese records in 1512.

The kingdom was governed by the Torwa dynasty until 1683 from its capital at Khami. Its people were ancestors of the Bakalanga. In 1683, the kingdom was conquered by the Rozwi Empire.

The foundations of the Khami Ruins show a striking resemblance to the pattern of masonry at the base of the Zimbabwe Ruins. Hence the Kalanga are thought to have built Khami, Lusvingo, Mapungugwe and other ruins scattered across western Zimbabwe and east Botswana.


See also