Karina Gould

Maryam Monsef Justin Trudeau Dominic LeBlanc

Karina Gould

Karina Gould, LPC MPP for Burlington, Minister Of Democratic Institutions.jpg
Minister of International Development
Assumed office
November 20, 2019
Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Preceded byMaryam Monsef
Minister of Democratic Institutions
In office
January 10, 2017 – November 20, 2019
Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Preceded byMaryam Monsef
President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
In office
January 10, 2017 – July 18, 2018
Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Preceded byMaryam Monsef
Succeeded byDominic LeBlanc
Parliamentary secretary to the Minister of International Development
In office
December 2, 2015 – January 10, 2017
MinisterMarie-Claude Bibeau
Preceded byLois Brown
Succeeded byCelina Caesar-Chavannes
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Burlington
Assumed office
October 19, 2015
Preceded byMike Wallace
Personal details
Born (1987-06-28) June 28, 1987 (age 33)
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Alberto Gerones
ResidenceBurlington, Ontario
Alma mater

Karina Gould PC MP (born June 28, 1987) is a Canadian Liberal politician who was elected as a member of parliament in the House of Commons of Canada to represent the federal electoral district Burlington during the 2015 and 2019 federal elections.[1] On January 10, 2017, she was appointed Minister of Democratic Institutions in the 29th Canadian Ministry, headed by Justin Trudeau, becoming the youngest female cabinet minister in Canadian history.

Early life and career

Gould was born in 1987,[2] and grew up in Burlington, Ontario in a family with three brothers.[3] At sixteen, she participated in the Forum for Young Canadians, spending a week in Ottawa learning about the federal government, which she credits as the impetus for her goal of a career in Parliament. After she graduated from M.M. Robinson High School in 2005,[4] she spent the next year volunteering at an orphanage in Mexico, where she met her husband, Alberto Gerones.[5]

Upon her return to Canada in 2006, Gould attended McGill University, earning a joint honours degree in political science as well as Latin American and Caribbean studies. Writing her honours thesis on the Canadian Electoral System, she graduated first class honours with distinction in 2010. During her time as an undergraduate student she served as President of the Arts Undergraduate Society (AUS) and helped organize fundraising for humanitarian aid for Haiti in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake.[6][3]

In 2010, Gould took a job with the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C., working as a consultant in the Migration and Development Program.[3] She is cited as contributing to the 2011 report, International Migration in the Americas: First Report of the Continuous Reporting System on International Migration in the Americas (SICREMI).[7]

She subsequently completed a master's degree in international relations at Oxford University.[8] Upon completion of her graduate studies at Oxford, Gould decided to move back to her hometown of Burlington, Ontario. She took a job working as a Trade and Investment Specialist for the Mexican Trade Commission "ProMexico" in Toronto.[3] Gould held this position for less than a year before announcing her candidacy in the 2015 election at the age of twenty-eight.

Political career

2015 Canadian Federal Election

During the election campaign, she attracted minor attention for deleting a three-year-old tweet expressing opposition to the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipelines – eventually not approved by the Trudeau government – and to the development of the Alberta tar sands in general.[3][9] She defeated Conservative incumbent Mike Wallace, who had represented the riding since the 2006 federal election, by winning 46% of the vote to his 42.5%.[8][10]

Parliamentary Secretary

On December 2, 2015, Gould was named the parliamentary secretary to the Minister of International Development and La Francophonie within the Liberal government.[3][11] During her time in this role she chaired a foreign-aid strategy session at the Health Systems Research Conference in Vancouver (2016) where stated that it was important to empower women and girls within a feminist approach to foreign-aid.[12] During Barack Obama's July 2016 state visit to Ottawa, he gave a shoutout to Burlington, where his brother in law lives, during his address to Parliament, prompting Gould to wave for the cameras, in what Macleans called her most high-profile moment.[3]

Minister of Democratic Institutions

On January 10, 2017, she was named Minister of Democratic Institutions, succeeding Maryam Monsef.[13] She also became the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada.[14] These appointments made her the youngest female cabinet minister in Canadian history.[8]

Despite electoral reforms being a pledged mandate of Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau's 2015 campaign, with this appointment such electoral reforms were no longer part of the Minister of Democratic Institutions mandate.[15][16] Instead, Gould's mandate included commitments to strengthen Canada's democratic institutions and improve Canada's democratic process by addressing and cyber threats like online meddling and the spread of disinformation from social media giants and combating foreign interference.[16][17][18] Gould has been credited as being instrumental in not both passing and defending Bill C-76 or Elections Modernization Act, which made significant amendments to the Canadian Elections Act, including numerous accommodations for voter accessibility, restrictions on third-party interference on election campaigns, and a prohibition on spending by foreign entities during elections.[19]

2019 Canadian Federal Election

Running as the incumbent in the 2019 Canadian federal election, Gould was re-elected as the Member of Parliament representing the Burlington, Ontario riding.[20] Gould's hometown support proved to only be growing as her 2019 results surpassed that of 2015, winning 48.6% of the vote to Conservative Jane Michael's 33.2%[21] Winning just 157 seats as opposed to the 177 held prior, Gould's growing support in this key Southern Ontario riding enabled her party to obtain a minority government in the 2019 Canadian federal election.[22]

Minister for International Development

It came to light on 18 May that Gould, as the Minister for International Development (MID) in the second Trudeau ministry, was formally in charge of the Canadian government's sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO). As MID she is entrusted the discussions with DGWHO Tedros Adhanom. She had a "good and frank conversation" with him via electronic means the week before the 73rd World Health Assembly.[23]

Personal Life

Gould married her husband, Alberto Gerones, in 2011.[24] She gave birth to her first child Oliver on March 8, 2018, making her the first sitting federal cabinet minister to give birth while in office.[25] Her breastfeeding her then three-month-old son during question period in the House of Commons attracted media attention during June 2018.[26]

Gould has been outspoken about the obstacles facing women in politics, stating in a 2019 interview, "In 2015, I'd say the No. 1 thing people asked me at the door was how old I was and why I thought I could jump into politics at such a young age... And I know, for a fact, that they wouldn't ask a man of the age those questions."[27]

Electoral Record

2019 Canadian federal election: Burlington, Ontario
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Karina Gould 34,989 48.61 +2.63
Conservative Jane Michael 23,930 33.24 -9.24
New Democratic Lenaee Dupuis 7,372 10.24 +1.14
Green Gareth Williams 4,750 6.60 +4.16
People's Peter Smetana 944 1.31 +1.31
Total valid votes 71,985 100.00  
Total rejected ballots 600 0.82  
Turnout 72,585 72.60  
Eligible voters 99,972    
Liberal gain from Liberal Swing +2.63
Source: Elections Canada[28]


  1. ^ Carville, Olivia (20 October 2015). "Liberal candidate Karina Gould wins Burlington". Toronto Star. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  2. ^ "GOULD, The Hon. Karina, P.C." Library of Parliament. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Proudfoot, Shannon (January 10, 2017). "Who is Karina Gould, Trudeau's newest and youngest minister?". Macleans. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  4. ^ "Meet Hon. Karina Gould". Liberal Party of Canada. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  5. ^ Proudfoot, Shannon. "Karina Gould's trial by fire". Macleans. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  6. ^ Le Cannellier, Clara. "From McGill to Parliament Hill". McGill University. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  7. ^ "SICREMI Report 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Sienkiewicz, Alexander (January 12, 2017). "Meet the 29-year-old who is the youngest ever female Canadian cabinet member". CBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  9. ^ Joanna Smith, Liberal candidate Karina Gould deletes ‘tar sands’ tweet, The Toronto Star, August 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Voter Information Service - Past Results: Burlington (Ontario)". Elections Canada. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  11. ^ http://pm.gc.ca/sites/pm/files/docs/parliamentary_secretaries_e.pdf, Privy Council of Canada. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  12. ^ "2016 CMAJ Report" (PDF). Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  13. ^ Tasker, John Paul (10 January 2017). "The 3 new faces of Justin Trudeau's Liberal cabinet". cbc.ca. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  14. ^ "GOULD, The Hon. Karina, P.C." Library of Parliament. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  15. ^ Geddes, John. "Can Justin Trudeau fix the vote with electoral reform?". Macleans. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Minister of Democratic Institutions Mandate Letter". Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  17. ^ Thompson, Elizabeth. "'More needs to be done,' Gould says after some online election meddling detected". CBC News. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  18. ^ Lum, Zi-Ann. "Gould 'Not Feeling Great' About Social Media Giants' Response To Election Meddling Fears". Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  19. ^ Vigliotti, Marco. "Elections bill gets Royal Assent after fractious path through Parliament". iPolitics. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  20. ^ Cilliers, Roland. "'This victory is not mine, it's for all of you': Liberal Karina Gould takes Burlington riding in a landslide". The Star. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  21. ^ "Voter Information Service - Who are the candidates in my electoral district?". www.elections.ca. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  22. ^ "Canada election 2019: Results from the federal election". Global News. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  23. ^ Haws, Emily (18 May 2020). "Not WHO's place to be skeptical of China, says international development minister". CBC.
  24. ^ Gable, Blair. "Karina Gould hopes becoming Canada's first federal cabinet minister to give birth while in office will set precedent". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  25. ^ Dehaas, Josh (2018-03-09). "Minister Karina Gould makes history with birth of baby boy". CTVNews. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  26. ^ "Karina Gould applauded for breastfeeding son in House of Commons". CTV News. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  27. ^ Gibson, Victoria. "'This is not a place for me': female politicians reveal frustrations on the campaign trail". iPolitics. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  28. ^ "Voter Information Service - Who are the candidates in my electoral district?". www.elections.ca. Retrieved 2 November 2019.

External links

29th Ministry – Cabinet of Justin Trudeau
Cabinet posts (3)
Predecessor Office Successor
Maryam Monsef Minister of International Development
November 20, 2019 – present
Maryam Monsef President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
January 10, 2017 – July 18, 2018
Dominic LeBlanc
Maryam Monsef Minister of Democratic Institutions
January 10, 2017 – November 20, 2019
Dominic LeBlanc[1]
  1. ^ folded into the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada file