Karim Massimov

Nursultan Nazarbayev Daniyal Akhmetov Serik Akhmetov

Karim Massimov
Кәрім Мәсімов
Karim Masimov.jpg
Acting State Secretary of Kazakhstan
In office
21 January 2014 – 2 April 2014
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byMarat Tazhin
Succeeded byAdilbek Zhaksybekov
Head of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan
In office
24 September 2012 – 2 April 2014
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byAslan Musin
Succeeded byNurlan Nigmatulin
13th Chairman of the National Security Committee
Assumed office
8 September 2016
PresidentKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byVladimir Zhumakanov
7th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
2 April 2014 – 8 September 2016
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
First DeputyBakhytzhan Sagintayev
Preceded bySerik Akhmetov
Succeeded byBakhytzhan Sagintayev
In office
10 January 2007 – 24 September 2012
First DeputyUmirzak Shukeyev
(2009–2011)
Serik Akhmetov
(2012)
Krymbek Kusherbayev
(2012–2013)
Preceded byDaniyal Akhmetov
Succeeded bySerik Akhmetov
Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
18 January 2006 – 10 January 2007
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
In office
27 November 2001 – June 2003
Prime MinisterKassym-Jomart Tokayev
(2001–2002)
Imangali Tasmagambetov
(2002–2003)
Minister of Economy and Budget Planning
In office
20 April 2006 – 13 October 2006
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
Preceded byKairat Kelimbetov
Succeeded byAslan Musin
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
7 August 2000 – 27 November 2001
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
Preceded bySerik Burkitbaev
Succeeded byAbilay Mirzahmetov
Personal details
Born (1965-06-15) 15 June 1965 (age 55)
Tselinograd (now Nur-Sultan), Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
NationalityKazakh
Political partyNur Otan
Alma materPeoples' Friendship University

Karim Qajymqanuly Massimov (Kazakh: Kárim Qajymqanuly Másimov, [kæɾɪm qɑʑəmqɑˈnʊlə mæsɪmof]; born 15 June 1965)[1] is a Kazakh politician who served as a Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 10 January 2007[2] to 24 September 2012 and again from 2 April 2014 to 8 September 2016.[3]

Massimov served as Deputy Prime Minister from 19 January 2006 to 9 January 2007[4] and as Minister of Economy and Budget Planning, Minister of Transport and Communications in 2001.[5] President Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev nominated Massimov to succeed Daniyal Akhmetov as Prime Minister on 9 January 2007.[1] The Nur Otan party endorsed Massimov's candidacy and Parliament confirmed the nomination on 10 January.

On 24 September 2012, Massimov's Premiership ended when President Nazarbayev dismissed him as from the position,[6] appointing him chief of staff of the presidential office in order to readjust the power balance between various factions within the government.[7] Since September 2016, he has been the incumbent was the head of Kazakhstan's National Security Committee.[8]

Early life and career

Born in Tselinograd (now Nur-Sultan) in Kazakh SSR to the parents of Eleanor Azhibekova and Kazhimkan Massimov.[1] His father held various managerial positions such as being the director of the Burundai Production Association of Wall Materials, deputy chief of the Glavtopsnab under the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR, director of the Massimov Health Center LLP. In addition, he was president organizations of the National Agro-Industrial Chamber of Kazakhstan and the Kazakhstan Yoga Association.

Education

In 1982, Massimov graduated from the Republican Physics and Mathematics Boarding School in Alma-Ata.[9]

From 1985 to 1988, he studied at the People's Friendship University of Russia where he learned Arabic, then the Alma-Ata Institute of National Economy.[9]

From 1988 to 1989, Massimov studied Chinese at the Beijing Institute of Language, taught at Wuhan University School of Law from 1989 to 1991, and then the Columbia University in New York City. In 1998, he graduated from the graduate school of Kazakh State Academy of Management, and in 1999, Massimov earned a doctoral degree from the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management named after K.G. Razumovskiy.[9]

That same year, he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic "Problems of the formation of industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan and ways to solve them (theory and practice)."

Business career

From 1992 to 1995, Massimov worked at Kazakhstan's commercial structures in China and Hong Kong. From 1995 to 1997 he was the chairman of the Board of the Almaty Trade and Financial Bank. While serving that post, Massimov became an acting chairman of the Board of Turanbank in 1996. From 1997 to 2000, he served as the chairman of the Board of the People's Savings Bank of Kazakhstan.[9]

Political career

In 1991, Massimov became the head of the Department of the Ministry of Labour.[9]

On 7 August 2000, he was appointed as the Minister of Transport and Communications.[10] On 27 November 2001, he became the Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan.[11] Massimov served the post until June 2003, he was appointed as an assistant to the President of Kazakhstan.

Massimov again became the Deputy PM on 18 January 2006, and was simultaneously as the Minister of Economy from 19 April to 13 October 2006.[12][13]

Foreign policy

China

Massimov is considered a China expert.[14] China has become an important strategic partner for Kazakhstan in recent years and the two countries are working closely together to develop Kazakhstan's energy resources. Massimov visited Beijing, China with Finance Minister Natalya Korzhova, Transport and Communications Minister Serik Akhmetov, and Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Baktykozha Izmukhambetov from 16–17 November 2006. Massimov co-chaired the third meeting of the China-Kazakhstan Cooperation Committee with Chinese Vice Premier Wu Yi. Several accords between agencies of the two governments were signed.[15] Massimov later met with Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao.[16] Meanwhile, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev met with Liu Qi, secretary of the Beijing Party Committee, in Astana. Secretary Liu said was "very nice for me to visit your beautiful country at Otan's invitation. The goal of the visit is to deepen cooperation and mutual understanding between our countries."[17]

Iran

On 28 March 2002 in an article in Izvestia, Massimov announced that the Government of Kazakhstan planned to increase wheat exports to Iran from 100,000 to two million tons.[18]

Israel

Massimov with President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev on 5 July 2010
Massimov with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador Ricardo Patiño on 4 July 2014

Massimov and Israeli Vice Premier Shimon Peres announced from Jerusalem on 29 October 2006 that the state-owned National Innovation Fund of Kazakhstan would begin investing in the Peace Valley project and other projects in the Middle East. Massimov said, "I came to Israel with a clear message to the nation in Zion from the president, that Kazakhstan is a moderate Muslim state which is interested in being involved in the Middle East. Kazakhstan intends to found political and economic ties with Israel and its neighbors." Massimov mentioned the Dead Sea canal and expressed desire to create a free trade zone. Vice Premier Peres and Massimov agreed to establish an agriculture-school in each country. The NIF has given US$10 million to Israeli VC fund Vertex.[19]

Massimov also met with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who praised Kazakhstan for showing a "beautiful face of Islam. Contemporary, ever-developing Kazakhstan is a perfect example of both economic development and interethnic accord that should be followed by more Muslim states."[20]

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2007–2012, 2012–2014)

Nomination for Prime Minister

President Nazarbayev nominated Massimov to succeed Daniyal Akhmetov as Prime Minister on 9 January 2007.[1] Akhmetov resigned on 8 January without explanation. Analysts attributed Akhmetov's political downfall to the President's criticism of his administrative oversight of the economy.[1][21] The Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of the nomination on 10 January with 37 out of 39 Senators and 66 of 77 Assemblymen from the Majilis voting for Massimov. Akhmetov became the Defense Minister, replacing Mukhtar Altynbayev.[22]

Tenure

Massimov served as a PM until becoming the Head of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan on 24 September 2012.[23][7]

He was reappointed again as the PM after on 2 April 2014 and served that post until he was succeeded by Bakhytzhan Sagintayev.[24][3]

Post-Premiership

After being relieved from his post as the PM, Massimov, while serving as the Head of the Presidential Administration, was also the Acting State Secretary of Kazakhstan from 21 January 2014 to 2 April 2014.[25]

On 8 September 2016, he became the chairman of National Security Committee.[8]

Personal life

Karim Massimov is ethnically Kazakh and is a born citizen of Kazakhstan.[26] He is fluent in Kazakh, Russian, Chinese, English and Arabic.[22] At the same time, he is thought to be well connected within the Kremlin.[27]

Massimov is married and has three kids. His hobbies are books, Muay Thai, skiing, rock climbing[28] and golf.

Martial arts

Massimov was the President of Federation of Amateur Muaythai of Asia (FAMA) in 2010. The FAMA and the Continental Federation of International Federation of Muaythai Amateurs (IFMA) in Asia is the first Continental Federation since 1991, supporting the work and efforts of the IFMA.[29] He then was nominated and went on to assume the position of Vice President of the IFMA, President of Muaythai federation in Kazakhstan and Vice-President of World Muaythai Council (WMC).[30]

In 2012, Massimov was unanimously re-elected for another four-year term to head the Asian federation, which is recognised by the Olympic Council of Asia.[31] He showed his support for the sport in an interview in which he stated that the sport "brings together athletes from across the world to train and compete with honour and in the spirit of cultural exchange and understanding."

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Kazakhstan moves to name new PM United Press International
  2. ^ "Kazakhstan appoints new PM". Television New Zealand. Reuters. 10 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  3. ^ a b Diplomat, Catherine Putz, The. "To Tweet or Not to Tweet: How Did Kazakhstan's PM Lose His Job?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  4. ^ Kazakhstan CIA The World Factbook
  5. ^ Kazakh delegation in Uzbekistan to discuss transport, telecommunications UzbekWorld
  6. ^ "Kazakh PM Demoted After Social-Media Blitz". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b Gordeyeva, Mariya. "Kazakh PM Karim Masimov resigns: presidential press service". Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  8. ^ a b Gizitdinov, Nariman (8 September 2016). "Kazakh Premier Shifted to Security Chief as Economy Falters". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Масимов Карим Кажимканович ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Указ Президента Республики Казахстан, 8 августа 2000 года". www.neweurasia.info (in Russian). Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  11. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 2001 год (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2009. pp. 138, 303. ISBN 978-601-7259-15-0.
  12. ^ Жихорь, Юлиана (20 January 2016). "НП.kz События". www.np.kz. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Указом Главы государства Масимов Карим Кажимканович назначен Заместителем Премьер-Министра Республики Казахстан - Министром экономики и бюджетного планирования с освобождением от ранее занимаемой должности. — Официальный сайт Президента Республики Казахстан". Akorda.kz (in Russian). 19 April 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Background on Karim Massimov". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  15. ^ China-Kazakh Cooperation Committee Meets Kazakhstan Today
  16. ^ Astana, Beijing Sign Partnership Agreement RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  17. ^ China, Kazakhstan strengthen ties Kazinform
  18. ^ Kazakhstan to increase wheat exports to Iran
  19. ^ Kazakhstan oil fund to invest millions in Israel Globes
  20. ^ Kazakhs seek stronger ties with Israel Archived 11 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine Jerusalem Post
  21. ^ Oil-rich Kazakhstan's prime minister resigns USA Today
  22. ^ a b Kazakh Parliament approves new Prime Minister RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  23. ^ Gorst, Isabel (24 September 2012). "Kazakhstan's musical chairs". www.ft.com. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  24. ^ "Kazakhstan: Massimov Returns as Prime Minister". Stratfor. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  25. ^ "Усть-Каменогорск Врио госсекретаря Казахстана назначен Карим Масимов". yk.kz (in Russian). 21 January 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  26. ^ Who Will Run Post-Nazarbayev Kazakhstan? Diplomat
  27. ^ Kazakhstan: Massimov May Signal New Reform Priorities
  28. ^ Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov discovers mountain climbing
  29. ^ http://www.ifmamuaythai.org/support-for-ifma/personalities/he-karim-massimov/
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ http://www.ifmamuaythai.org/tag/karim-massimov/