Jody Williams

International Committee of the Red Cross Nobel Peace Prize International Campaign to Ban Landmines

Jody Williams
Jody Williams 2001.jpg
Williams in 2001
Born (1950-10-09) October 9, 1950 (age 69)
Rutland, Vermont, United States
NationalityUnited States
Education
Known for1997 Nobel Peace Prize

Jody Williams (born October 9, 1950) is an American political activist known for her work in banning anti-personnel landmines, her defense of human rights (especially those of women), and her efforts to promote new understandings of security in today's world. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997[1] for her work toward the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.

Education

Williams earned a Master in International Relations from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (a division of Johns Hopkins University) in Washington, D.C. (1984), an MA in teaching Spanish and English as a second language from the School for International Training (now SIT Graduate Institute) in Brattleboro, Vermont (1976), and a BA from the University of Vermont (1972).

Advocacy

Williams served as the founding coordinator of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) from early 1992 until February 1998. Before that work, she spent eleven years on various projects related to the wars in Nicaragua and El Salvador, where, according to the Encyclopedia of Human Rights, she "spent the 1980s performing life-threatening human rights work."[2]

In an unprecedented cooperative effort with governments, UN bodies and the International Committee of the Red Cross, Williams served as a chief strategist and spokesperson for the ICBL, which she developed from two non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with a staff of one – herself – to an international powerhouse of 1,300 NGOs in ninety countries.

From its small beginning and official launch in 1992, Williams and the ICBL dramatically achieved the campaign's goal of an international treaty banning antipersonnel landmines during a diplomatic conference held in Oslo in September 1997. The Ottawa Treaty that banned land-mines is credited to her and the ICBL.[1] Three weeks later, she and the ICBL were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. At that time, she became the tenth woman – and third American woman – in its almost hundred-year history to receive the Prize.

In November 2004, after discussions with Iranian Peace Laureates Dr. Shirin Ebadi and Professor Wangari Maathai of Kenya, Williams established the Nobel Women’s Initiative which was launched in January 2006. Williams has since served as its Chair. This initiative brought together six of the female Peace Laureates, the women seek to use their influence to promote the work of women working for peace with justice and equality.[3] (Aung San Suu Kyi is an honorary member.)

In 2020, Williams called upon Chevron corporation to pay cleanup costs to the residents of the Lago Agrio oil field which were awarded in 2011 and have been in litigation ever since.[4]

Williams is quoted as saying, "The image of peace with a dove flying over a rainbow and people holding hands singing kumbaya ends up infantilizing people who believe that sustainable peace is possible. If you think that singing and looking at a rainbow will suddenly make peace appear then you're not capable of meaningful thought, or understanding the difficulties of the world."[5][6]

Academic career

Since 2007, Williams has been the Sam and Cele Keeper Professor in Peace and Social Justice in the Graduate College of Social Work at the University of Houston. Before that she had been a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Global Justice at the College since 2003.

Recognition

Williams continues to be recognized for her contributions to human rights and global security. She is the recipient of fifteen honorary degrees. In 2004, in its first such listing, she was named by Forbes magazine as one of the 100 most powerful women in the world. She is one of the female Nobel Prize laureates to be recognized as a "Woman of the Year" by Glamour magazine – which has also honoured Hillary Clinton, Katie Couric and Barbara Walters.

Publications

Williams work includes articles for magazines and newspapers like for example the Wall Street Journal, International Herald Tribune, The Independent (UK), The Irish Times, The Toronto Globe and Mail, The LA Times, La Jornada (Mexico), The Review of the International Red Cross, Columbia University's Journal of Politics and Society).

She added several chapters to numerous books:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The Nobel Peace Prize 1997". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  2. ^ Ken Rutherford, "Landmines," Encyclopedia of Human Rights: Vol. 1. David P. Forsythe, ed. Oxford University Press, 2009; p. 395 ISBN 0195334027
  3. ^ "Nobel Women's Initiative". Nobel Women's Initiative. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  4. ^ Weyler, Rex (2020). "How did a lawyer who took on big oil and won end up under house arrest?". Mother Jones. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  5. ^ an interview with Real Leaders magazine in 2015
  6. ^ "Jody Williams Admits, "I'm No Mother Theresa."". Real Leaders.
  7. ^ Allison, Jay; Gediman, Dan (October 3, 2006). This I Believe: The Personal Philosophies of Remarkable Men and Women. Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 978-1-4299-1845-9.
  8. ^ "A Memory, a Monologue, a Rant, and a Prayer". Harvard Graduate School of Education. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  9. ^ Times, The New York (June 26, 2019). "The 50 Best Memoirs of the Past 50 Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  10. ^ Cornish, Paul (October 1, 1996). "After the guns fall silent: the enduring legacy of landmines". International Affairs. 72 (4): 801. doi:10.2307/2624144. ISSN 0020-5850. JSTOR 2624144.
  11. ^ Banning Landmines: Disarmament, Citizen Diplomacy, and Human Security.
  12. ^ My Name Is Jody Williams.