Jining

Shandong Prefecture-level city Zoucheng

Jining

济宁市

Tsining
Jining Railway Station
Jining Railway Station
ChinaShandongJining.png
Coordinates (Jining municipal government): 35°24′54″N 116°35′14″E / 35.4151°N 116.5871°E / 35.4151; 116.5871Coordinates: 35°24′54″N 116°35′14″E / 35.4151°N 116.5871°E / 35.4151; 116.5871
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
County-level divisions12
Municipal seatShizhong District
Government
 • MayorFu Mingxian (傅明先)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city11,186.97 km2 (4,319.31 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,534.2 km2 (592.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
884 km2 (341 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city8,081,905
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,859,406
 • Urban density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,241,012
 • Metro density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0537
ISO 3166 codeCN-SD-08
License Plate Prefix鲁H

Jining (simplified Chinese: 济宁; traditional Chinese: 濟寧 / 濟寗; pinyin: Jǐníng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province. It borders Heze to the southwest, Zaozhuang to the southeast, Tai'an to the northeast, and the provinces of Henan and Jiangsu to the northwest and south respectively. Jining, which is located directly to the north of Lake Nanyang (Chinese: ; pinyin: Nányáng), is today the northernmost city reachable by navigation on the Grand Canal of China making it an important inland port.

Its population was 8,081,905 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,241,012 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Rencheng urban district on 884 km2 (341 sq mi), Yanzhou district not being totally conurbated yet.

History

Taibai Lou, a memorial for Li Bai.

The name Jining was first given to the region in the year 1271 during the Song dynasty, although the exact area and type of administrative district it refers to have varied over the centuries.[1] Jining has several distinctive associations in Chinese history and culture, as in antiquity it was the birthplace and home of Confucius, along with many of his more famous disciples, including Mencius. Temples to a number of these philosophers still exist in various parts of the prefecture. Liangshan, a county of Jining, is also famous as the principal setting of the Chinese literary classic, Water Margin.

COVID-19 outbreak

In 2020, the Shandong government reported that a prison guard at Rencheng jail in Jining had shown COVID-19 symptoms in early February and that subsequently more than 2,000 inmates and staff were tested, with 200 prisoners and seven officers coming back positive.[2][3] The provincial government said Xie Weijun, party secretary for Shandong's department of justice, and seven prison officials had been sacked for mismanagement of the outbreak.[3]

Administration

Map including Jining (labeled as CHI-NING (TSINING) (walled) 濟寗) (AMS, 1954)

The prefecture-level city of Jining administers 11 county-level divisions, including two districts, two county-level cities and seven counties.

Map

Geography

Climate data for Jining (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
8.3
(46.9)
13.9
(57.0)
21.2
(70.2)
26.6
(79.9)
31.2
(88.2)
31.6
(88.9)
30.6
(87.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.4
(70.5)
13.3
(55.9)
6.6
(43.9)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
15.5
(59.9)
21.0
(69.8)
25.6
(78.1)
27.2
(81.0)
26.0
(78.8)
21.5
(70.7)
15.5
(59.9)
7.8
(46.0)
1.5
(34.7)
14.4
(57.8)
Average low °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
3.2
(37.8)
9.8
(49.6)
15.3
(59.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
16.7
(62.1)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
9.6
(49.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.2
(0.28)
10.5
(0.41)
19.0
(0.75)
32.6
(1.28)
58.4
(2.30)
84.9
(3.34)
156.2
(6.15)
162.1
(6.38)
73.7
(2.90)
34.5
(1.36)
20.3
(0.80)
8.5
(0.33)
667.9
(26.28)
Average relative humidity (%) 63 60 58 60 64 64 78 81 75 70 69 67 67
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

Economy

Jining is situated in a coal mining area in the southwest of Shandong. An industrial city, Jining has a coal-fired power station, the Jining Power Plant. The city is served by Jining Airport.

Notable people

Jining Dongdasi Mosque

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ Jining Statistical Almanac, 2011, in Jining Statistical Information Net Archived 5 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Coronavirus Found in China Prisons, as Cases Spike in South Korea". NPR. 21 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Coronavirus cases have not yet peaked, Xi Jinping tells Politburo". SCMP. 21 February 2020.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Fort Smith becomes sister city with Jining, China". Retrieved 10 March 2015.