Jardin des plantes

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Jardin des plantes
Jardin des plantes
Paris 75005 Grande Galerie de l'Evolution 20070804.jpg
The exterior of the Grande galerie de l'Évolution (Gallery of Evolution). Drawing plans by architect Louis-Jules André, 1889, when it still was named Galerie de Zoologie (Gallery of Zoology).
Jardin des plantes is located in Paris
Jardin des plantes
Location within Paris
Established1635 (1635)
LocationParis, France
Coordinates48°50′38″N 2°21′35″E / 48.84396°N 2.35960°E / 48.84396; 2.35960
Typebotanical garden
Public transit accessJussieu Metro-M.svgParis Metro 7.svgParis Metro 10.svg
Austerlitz RER.svg Paris RER C icon.svg
Muséum national d'histoire naturelle network

The Jardin des plantes (French for "Garden of the Plants"), also known as the Jardin des plantes de Paris (French: [ʒaʁdɛ̃ dɛ plɑ̃t də paʁi]) when distinguished from other jardins des plantes in other cities, is the main botanical garden in France. The term Jardin des plantes is the official name in the present day, but it is in fact an elliptical form of Jardin royal des plantes médicinales ("Royal Garden of the Medicinal Plants"), which is related to the original purpose of the garden back in the 17th century.

Headquarters of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (National Museum of Natural History), the Jardin des plantes is situated in the 5th arrondissement, Paris, on the left bank of the river Seine, and covers 28 hectares (280,000 m²). Since 24 March 1993,[2] the entire garden and its contained buildings, archives, libraries, greenhouses, ménagerie (a zoo), works of art, and specimens' collection are classified as a national historical landmark in France (labelled monument historique).

Garden plan

The grounds of the Jardin des plantes include four buildings containing exhibited specimens. These buildings are officially considered as museums following the French law (they are labelled musée de France) and the French Museum of Natural History calls them galeries (French for 'galleries'):

In addition to the gardens and the galleries, there is also a small zoo, the ménagerie du Jardin des plantes, founded in 1795 by Bernardin de Saint-Pierre from animals of the ménagerie royale de Versailles, the menagerie at Versailles, which was dismantled during the French Revolution.[citation needed]

The Jardin des plantes maintains a botanical school, which trains botanists, constructs demonstration gardens, and exchanges seeds to maintain biotic diversity. About 4,500 plants are arranged by family on a one hectare (10,000 m²) plot. Three hectares are devoted to horticultural displays of decorative plants. An Alpine garden has 3,000 species with world-wide representation. Specialized buildings, such as a large Art Deco winter garden, and Mexican and Australian hothouses display regional plants, not native to France. The Rose Garden, created in 1990, has hundreds of species of roses and rose trees.[citation needed]


Founded in 1626, the garden was not planted by Guy de La Brosse, Louis XIII's physician, until 1635 as a medicinal herb garden. It was originally known as the Jardin du Roi. In 1640 it opened to the public. After a period of decline, Jean-Baptiste Colbert took administrative control of the gardens. Dr. Guy-Crescent Fagon was appointed in 1693, and he surrounded himself with a team of experienced botanists, including Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Antoine de Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu and his son Adrien-Henri.

The holdings include 6,963 specimens of the herbarium collection of Joseph Tournefort, donated on his death to the Jardin du Roi.[3]

The Comte de Buffon became the curator in 1739 and he expanded the gardens greatly, adding a maze, the labyrinth, which remains today. In 1792 the Royal Menagerie was moved to the gardens from Versailles.[citation needed]


Located near the Métro stationsQuai de la RapéeJussieuPlace Monge and Gare d'Austerlitz.

See also



  1. ^ "Tourism in Paris: Key Figures 2016". Paris Visitors and Convention Bureau. p. 19. Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Jardin des plantes et Muséum national d'histoire naturelle". base Mérimée. Ministry of Culture. PA00088482.
  3. ^ "Herbarium J.P. de Tournefort (1656-1708)". brill.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014.