Internet Memory Foundation
|Industry||Web archiving and preservation|
The Internet Memory Foundation (formerly the European Archive Foundation) was a non-profit foundation whose purpose was archiving content of the World Wide Web. It supported projects and research that included the preservation and protection of digital media content in various forms to form a digital library of cultural content. It is defunct as of August 2018.
The non-profit institution European Archive Foundation was incorporated in 2004 in Amsterdam. An announcement at the opening of the Cross Media Week in Amsterdam during September 2006 included a quote from Brewster Kahle, who founded the Internet Archive. Julien Masanès was its first director. Operating from Amsterdam and Paris, it said it would make freely accessible public domain collections and web archives. Masanès, previously at the Bibliothèque nationale de France, edited a book on Web archiving in 2007. The Paris organization is called Internet Memory Research, which operates a service known as ArchiveTheNet.
In December 2010, the Foundation changed its name to Internet Memory Foundation to express its goal of preserving internet content for current and future generations.
The foundation had many partners, including cultural institutions and research institutions, who collaborated on its web archiving projects. These partners included UK National Archives, the Max Planck Institute, Technische Universität Berlin, University of Southampton, and the Institut Mines-Télécom. The foundation was also a member of the International Internet Preservation Consortium.
The foundation was involved in research projects to improve technologies of web crawling, data extraction, text mining, and preservation to support the growth and use of web archives. Their projects were funded by the European Commission through the Seventh Research Framework Program.
- Scalable Preservation Environments (SCAPE, Project No. 270137) ran from February 2011 through July 2014. It was developing an open source, scalable preservation platform.
- Large-scale, Cross-lingual Trend Mining and Summarization of Real-time Media Streams (TrendMiner, Project No. 287863) ran from November 2011 through October 2014. It aimed to develop tools to mine social media, especially across multiple languages.
- Collect-All ARchives to COmmunity MEMories (ARCOMEM, Project No. 270239) ran from January 2011 through December 2013. It studied the preservation of ephemeral web information, such as that used in social network sites.
- Web Archiving in Europe survey ran in December 2010. It assessed the state of web archiving projects across different European institutions.
- Longitudinal Analytics of Web Archive data (LAWA, Project No. 258105) ran from September 2010 through August 2013. The project experimented with large-scale data analytics for use in the Future Internet Research and Experimentation project.
- LivingKnowledge (Project No. 231126) ran from February 2009 through January 2012. The goal was to improve navigation and search in large multimodal datasets.
- Living Web Archives (LiWA, Project No. 216267) ran from February 2008 through January 2011. LiWA developed web archiving methods and tools that aimed to capture a more accurate, "living" archive of the web.
Audio and video
Before focusing on web archiving, the European Archive Foundation had collected one of the largest online free classical music collections (more than 800 pieces, from Mozart to Dvorak) and Public Information Films from the British Government, made in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision and the UK National Archives.
Selective web collection
The foundation archived a snapshot of the Italian web domain, made in collaboration with the National Library of Italy, an archive of political websites of the 25 EU member states captured during the European constitutional debate, and archives (among others):
- The National Archives (United Kingdom)
- National Library of Ireland
- CERN, Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire (Switzerland)
- Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Public Record Office of Northern Ireland
The Web crawler used by the project was Heritrix version 3. Heritrix generates resources stored in a standardised archiving "container" format, the ARC file (.arc). The ARC file was extended to the Web ARChive file format (.warc), which was approved as an international standard in June 2009 (current edition ISO 28500:2017).
- Mia Consalvo; Charles Ess, eds. (2011). The Handbook of Internet Studies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 31. ISBN 9781444342383.
- Masanès, Julian (28 September 2006). "Official Launch of the European Archive Foundation" (Press release).
- "Official Launch of the European Archive Foundation". Press release. 28 September 2006. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Julien Masanès, ed. (2007). Web Archiving. Springer. ISBN 9783540463320.
- "À propos: Internet Memory". Web site for ArchiveThe.net. Retrieved 7 October 2013. (in French)
- "Internet Memory Foundation". International Internet Preservation Consortium. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Diana Maynard; Mark A. Greenwood (16 May 2012). "Large Scale Semantic Annotation, Indexing, and Search at The National Archives" (PDF). International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation.
- Members (International Internet Preservation Consortium)
- "Scalable Preservation Environments". Community Research and Development Information Service web site. European Union. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Large-scale, Cross-lingual Trend Mining and Summarisation of Real-time Media Streams". Community Research and Development Information Service. European Union. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "ARchive COmmunities MEMories". Community Research and Development Information Service web site. European Union. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Web Archiving in Europe: A survey provided by the Internet Memory Foundation, 2010" (PDF). 22 March 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Longitudinal Analytics of Web Archive data". Community Research and Development Information Service web site. European Union. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "LivingKnowledge Facts, Opinions and Bias in Time". Community Research and Development Information Service web site. European Union. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Living Web Archives". Community Research and Development Information Service web site. European Union. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Report on "Technologies for Living Web archives"" (PDF). Deliverable report. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Dimitar Denev, Arturas Mazeika, Marc Spaniol and Gerhard Weikum (April 2011). "The SHARC framework for data quality in Web archiving". The International Journal on Very Large Data Bases. Springer-Verlag. 20 (2): 183–207. doi:10.1007/s00778-011-0219-9.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Adrian Brown (2006). Archiving websites: a practical guide for information management professionals. Facet Publishing. pp. 17–18. ISBN 9781856045537.
- "Iso 28500:2017".