Hämeenlinna

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Hämeenlinna

Tavastehus
City
Hämeenlinnan kaupunki
Tavastehus stad
Aerial view of the city centre of Hämeenlinna.
Aerial view of the city centre of Hämeenlinna.
Coat of arms of Hämeenlinna
Coat of arms
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Coordinates: 60°59′40″N 24°28′00″E / 60.99444°N 24.46667°E / 60.99444; 24.46667Coordinates: 60°59′40″N 24°28′00″E / 60.99444°N 24.46667°E / 60.99444; 24.46667
Country Finland
RegionKanta-Häme.vaakuna.svg Tavastia Proper
Sub-regionHämeenlinna sub-region
Charter1639
Government
 • City managerTimo Kenakkala
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,031.53 km2 (784.38 sq mi)
 • Land1,785.76 km2 (689.49 sq mi)
 • Water245.79 km2 (94.90 sq mi)
Area rank34th largest in Finland
Population
 (2020-07-31)[2]
 • Total67,774
 • Rank14th largest in Finland
 • Density37.95/km2 (98.3/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish97.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others2.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.8%
 • 15 to 6464.7%
 • 65 or older19.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.hameenlinna.fi

Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus; Karelian: Hämienlinna) is a city and municipality of about 68,000 inhabitants[2] in the heart of the historical province of Tavastia (Häme) in the south of Finland. Hämeenlinna is the oldest inland city of Finland and was one of the most important Finnish cities until the 19th century. It still remains an important regional center.

Hämeenlinna is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), and before 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km or 61 mi), Tampere (73 km or 45 mi) and Lahti (72 km or 45 mi), which the last mentioned is the regional center of Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme).

Hämeenlinna: Sibelius House

The medieval Häme Castle (Hämeen linna) is located in the city. The municipalities of Hauho, Kalvola, Lammi, Renko and Tuulos were consolidated with Hämeenlinna on 1 January 2009.

History

View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The Tavastia Castle is visible to the right.

There was a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure Swedish power in central Finland. A village was established near Häme Castle to provide services and goods to its inhabitants.

The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre (0.6 miles) south to the hill on which it still stands. The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterised Hämeenlinna's life throughout history. Finland's first railway line opened between Hämeenlinna and Helsinki in 1862. The current Hämeenlinna railway station (Rautatieasema in Finnish) was built in 1921.

Demographics

People with a foreign background
Country of origin Population (2017)
 Estonia 485 (0.72%)
 Russia 484 (0.72%)
 Iraq 352 (0.53%)
 Poland 278 (0.41%)
 Afghanistan 218 (0.33%)
 Somalia 208 (0.31%)
 Sweden 206 (0.31%)
 Thailand 141 (0.21%)
 Turkey 130 (0.19%)
 DR Congo 106 (0.16%)

Notable natives or residents

Economy

Largest employers (by number of employees) [6]

International relations

October sunset - Hämeenlinna

Twin towns – Sister cities

The castle

Hämeenlinna is twinned with:[7]

Sport

References

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Heinäkuu 2020" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Taskutietoa Hämeenlinnasta, a factbook published by the city of Hämeenlinna (PDF download, in Finnish)
  7. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit" (in Finnish). City of Hämeenlinna. Retrieved 22 August 2019.