|Minister of Public Education|
13 July 1946 – 19 July 1951
|Prime Minister||Alcide De Gasperi|
|Preceded by||Enrico Molè|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Segni|
|Minister of Justice|
16 July 1953 – 17 August 1953
|Prime Minister||Alcide De Gasperi|
|Preceded by||Adone Zoli|
|Succeeded by||Antonio Azara|
19 May 1957 – 21 February 1962
|Prime Minister||Adone Zoli|
|Preceded by||Aldo Moro|
|Succeeded by||Giacinto Bosco|
24 June 1968 – 12 December 1968
|Prime Minister||Giovanni Leone|
|Preceded by||Oronzo Reale|
|Succeeded by||Silvio Gava|
18 February 1972 – 8 July 1973
|Prime Minister||Giulio Andreotti|
|Preceded by||Emilio Colombo (as PM)|
|Succeeded by||Mario Zagari|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
25 June 1945 – 24 May 1972
|Member of the Senate|
24 May 1972 – 19 August 1982
|Born||18 September 1905|
|Died||19 August 1982 (aged 76)|
|Political party||Christian Democracy|
|Alma mater||Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore|
Sapienza University of Rome
|Occupation||Politician, academic, journalist|
Gonella graduated in Philosophy at the Catholic University of Milan and in Law at the Sapienza University of Rome, teaching a few years later Philosophy of law at the University of Bari and at the University of Pavia.
He later became a columnist of L'Osservatore Romano, receiving the task of talking about the foreign affairs by Bishop Giovanni Montini, the future Pope Paul VI. However, Gonella was kept under control by the political police for suspected anti-fascism: several times the fascist hierarchy asked Benito Mussolini to suppress the Vatican newspaper, but L'Osservatore Romano belonged to the Holy See and therefore could not be suppressed by the Italian government.
On 3 September 1939, a few days after the beginning of World War II, Gonella was arrested by the fascists and brought to Regina Coeli, being freed only after the intervention of Pope Pius XII. Though he returned to L'Osservatore Romano, he was forbidden to teach in Universities.
Before the World War II, Gonella began to work with Alcide De Gasperi and took part in the drawing of the Code of Camaldoli, the document planning of economic policy by members of the Italian Catholic forces. In 1943, Gonella joined the new-born party Christian Democracy, with which he was elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1945, to the Chamber of Deputies from 1948 to 1968 and to the Senate from 1972 to 1979.
During the 1978 presidential election, Gonella was the candidate of the Christian Democracy for the office of President of Italy, until the party decided, together with all the left-wing and centre-left parties in Parliament, to support the Socialist candidate Sandro Pertini.
- "La penna di Guido Gonella che firmò la storia d'Italia". larena.it. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- "Dalla Torre, un'autonomia invisa al regime". Avvenire. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- "La lezione di Gonella". larena.it. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- "Codice di Camaldoli". ReportersPress.it. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- "20 Aprile 1946: A Roma il primo congresso nazionale della Democrazia cristiana". Il Messaggero. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- Michele Corsi, Roberto Sani (2004). L'educazione alla democrazia tra passato e presente [Education for democracy between past and present] (in Italian). Milan: Vita e Pensiero. ISBN 9788834311240.
- Giuseppe Dalla Torre (2009). Guido Gonella e le origini della Costituzione [Guido Gonella and the origins of the Constitution] (in Italian). Rome: Aracne editrice. ISBN 9788854827721.
- "Sandro Pertini, 25 anni fa se ne andava il presidente più amato dagli italiani". RaiNews.it. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
- "Uno splendido guardasigilli: Gonella". 30giorni.it. 1 September 2002. Retrieved 8 November 2018.