Green Party (Norway)
|Leader||Une Aina Bastholm|
|Founded||29 October 1988|
|Youth wing||Young Greens of Norway|
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
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The Green Party (Bokmål: Miljøpartiet De Grønne, Nynorsk: Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne, Northern Sami: Birasbellodat Ruonát, literally "Environment Party The Greens") is a green political party in Norway. The party holds one seat in the Parliament of Norway (gaining 2.8% in the 2013 elections) and also has representation in municipal councils and county councils (gaining 4.2% in the 2015 elections). The Green Party advocates green politics, and has been described as centre-left by academics and voters. The party itself claims distance to the two dominant right-wing and left-wing political blocks, jointly denominated as "the fossil block".
The Green Party is a member of the European Green Party and the Global Greens, and was founded with the German Greens as its stated model. It maintains close ties to other Green parties including the German Greens and the Swedish Greens.
The process of forming a new national green party in Norway was initiated in December 1984, with the official launch in 1988. Among the pioneers were the late philosopher Arne Næss, peace researcher Johan Galtung, and the philosopher Sigmund Kvaløy Setreng.
In the local elections between 1991 and 2009 the Green Party had 6 - 8 representatives elected each time. In the national elections the party never exceeded 0.5% support.
Since 2005, the Greens have seen a significant membership rise, with the new members coming from a wide variety of other parties, including the seven established parliamentary parties.
In the municipal elections of 2011, the party saw its first local breakthrough, having garnered close to 22,000 votes on a national basis. Two years later, during the campaign for the 2013 general election, the party saw a significant rise in support in the opinion polls. The Greens were widely expected to gain parliamentary representation to some extent. In the election, the Greens gathered over 79,000 votes, making them the 8th biggest party in the country. This vote count translates to 2.8 percent of the vote. Rasmus Hansson, the party's top candidate from Oslo was elected to parliament, becoming the first ever Green MP.
In the local elections of 2015 the Green Party overtook the 4% nationally for the first time in its history and got the third place in Oslo.
The Green Party is one of the global ecologist and environmentalist political parties and movements. As a member of the pan-European European Green Party, the Norwegian Greens subscribe to social progressivism and social justice. The main focus of the party is environmental protection and ecological sustainability. The party seeks to introduce a tax on wasteful consumption, and to reorganise the food industry. The Greens have also pledged support for a reform in the agrarian industry, increasing the production of organic crops and strengthening the eco-friendly agricultural sector.
- Ove Braaten, 1989–1991
- Olav Benestad, 1991–1992
- Jan Bojer Vindheim, 1993–1994
- Ane Aadland, 1995–1997
- Arne Gravanes, 1996–1997
- Birte Simonsen, 1998–1999
- Brynmor Evans, 1998–1999
- Gunter Schotz, 1999–2000
- Lisa Fröyland, 1999–2002
- Tove Funderud Johansen, 2000–2001
- Birte Simonsen, 2002–2004
- Brynmor Evans, 2004–2005
- Trude Malthe Thomassen, 2004–2007
- Gaute Busch, 2005–2006
- Mats Indrefjord Høllesli, 2006–2007
- Birte Simonsen, 2007–2008
- Sondre Båtstrand, 2008–2011
- Hanna Marcussen, 2008–2014
- Harald August Nissen, 2011–2014
- Hilde Opoku, 2014–2016
- Rasmus Hansson, 2016–2018
- Arild Hermstad, 2018–2020
- Une Bastholm, 2016–2020
- Une Bastholm, 2020–
- Arild Hermstad, 2020–
- Kriss Rokkan Iversen, 2020–
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I mine undersøkelser av partienes landsmøtedelegater (de som vedtar partiets politikk) kommer det frem at partiet i all hovedsak plasserer seg på «venstresiden» i norsk politikk.
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Data fra Norsk medborgerpanel viser at velgerne plasserer partiet til venstre for sentrum.
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