Government of Vietnam

History of Vietnam Nguyễn Phú Trọng Prime Minister of Vietnam

Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Emblem of Vietnam.svg
FormationSeptember 2, 1945 (original)
July 2, 1976 (current form)
Legislative branch
LegislatureNational Assembly
Meeting placeNational Assembly Building, Hanoi
Executive branch
LeaderPrime Minister of Vietnam
AppointerElection by legislature
HeadquartersPresidential Palace
Main organState Council
Judicial branch
CourtSupreme People's Court
Emblem of Vietnam.svg
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The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the executive arm of the Vietnamese state, and the members of the Government are elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam.

Council of Ministers (1980–2001)

The Vietnamese Council of Ministers was entrusted by the 1980 Constitution with managing and implementing the governmental activities of the state. It is described in that document as "the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the highest executive state body of the highest body of state authority." It is accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, and, more directly, to the Vietnamese Council of State when the National Assembly is not in session. Its duties include submitting draft laws, decrees, and other bills to the National Assembly and the Council of State; drafting state plans and budgets and implementing them following the National Assembly's approval; managing the development of the national economy; organising national defence activities and assuring the preparedness of the armed forces; and organising and managing the state's foreign relations. Its membership includes a chairman, vice-chairman, cabinet ministers, and the heads of state committees, whose terms of office coincide with that of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministers includes its own standing committee, which serves to co-ordinate and mobilise the council's activities. In 1986 the standing committee was expanded from ten to thirteen members.

Each ministry is headed by a minister, who is assisted by two to twelve deputy ministers. The number and functions of the ministries are not prescribed in the Constitution, but in 1987 there were twenty-three ministries and a number of other specialised commissions and departments. In an apparent response to the call by the Sixth National Party Congress in 1986 for a streamlined bureaucracy, several ministries were merged. The former ministries of agriculture, food, and food industry were joined in a newly created Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. The ministries of power and mines were merged to form the Ministry of Energy, and a newly created Ministry of Labour, War Invalids, and Social Welfare consolidated the duties of three former ministries. The addition of two new ministerial bodies also resulted from the 6th National Party Congress: a Ministry of Information to replace the Vietnam Radio and Television Commission, and a mission for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to act as a co-ordinating body for foreign aid.

Cabinet members

Portfolio Name Member of Central Committee Politburo
Member Rank
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc Yes Yes 6th
First Deputy Prime Minister Vương Đình Huệ Yes Yes 11th
Trịnh Đình Dũng Yes No  —
Minister of Public Security Tô Lâm Yes Yes 5th
Minister of Justice Lê Thành Long Yes No  —
Minister of Finance Đinh Tiến Dũng Yes No  —
Minister of Industry and Trade Trần Tuấn Anh Yes No  —
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Đào Ngọc Dung Yes No  —
Minister of Transport Trương Quang Nghĩa Yes No  —
Minister of Construction Phạm Hồng Hà Yes No  —
Minister of Information and Communications Nguyễn Mạnh Hùng Yes No  —
Minister of Education and Training Phùng Xuân Nhạ Yes No  —
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyễn Xuân Cường Yes No  —
Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyễn Chí Dũng Yes No  —
Minister of the Interior Lê Vĩnh Tân Yes No  —
Minister of Science and Technology Chu Ngọc Anh Yes No  —
Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Nguyễn Ngọc Thiện Yes No  —
Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Trần Hồng Hà Yes No  —
Minister of Health Nguyễn Thị Kim Tiến (Retired)[1] No No  —
Head of the Office of the Government Mai Tiến Dũng Yes No  —
Inspector-General of the Government Lê Minh Khái Yes No  —
Governor of the State Bank Lê Minh Hưng Yes No  —
Chairman of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs Đỗ Văn Chiến Yes No  —