French America

Ring of Fire Alpide belt Arctic

French America (French: Amérique française), sometimes called Franco-America, in contrast to Anglo-America, is the French-speaking community of people and their diaspora, notably those tracing back origins to New France, the early French colonization of the Americas. The Canadian province of Quebec is the centre of the community and is the point of origin of most of French America. It also includes communities in all provinces of Canada (especially in New Brunswick, where francophones are roughly one third of the population),[1] Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Haiti, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Lucia, Martinique, and Guadeloupe in the Caribbean; French Guiana (overseas region of France) in South America. Also there are minorities of French speakers in part of the United States (New England, Louisiana, Florida, Texas, California, Illinois and New York), Dominica, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago.

The Ordre des francophones d'Amérique is a decoration given in the name of the community to its members. It can also be described as the Francophonie of the Americas.

Because French is a Romance language, French America is sometimes considered to be part of Latin America, but this term more often refers to Hispanic America and Portuguese America, or simply the Americas south of the United States.

Countries, administrative divisions and French possessions

This is a list of countries, administrative divisions and French possessions in the Americas having the French language as an official language or where a French based creole language is commonly spoken. The data of each place are based in the 2012–2013 Census.

Country Population Area (km²)[a] GDP (nominal) GDP (nominal) per capita
Clipperton Island Clipperton Island (France) 0 6
Dominica Dominica 72,660[note 1] 750 $14,166[2] $7,022[2]
French Guiana French Guiana (France) 250,109[3] 83,534 €15,416[4]
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe (France) 405,739[3][note 2] 1,628 €19,810 [4]
Haiti Haiti 9,996,731[5] 27,750 $12.942 billion[6] $758[6]
Martinique Martinique (France) 386,486[3] 1,128 €21,527[4]
New Brunswick New Brunswick (Canada) 747,101[note 3] 72,907 $394,819 million[7] $47,443[8]
Quebec Quebec (Canada) 8,164,361 1,542,056 $394,819 million[7] $47,443[8]
Saint Barthélemy Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,035[9] 25[10]
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 173,765 617 $1.239 billion[11] $7,769[11]
Collectivity of Saint Martin Saint Martin (France)[12] 36,286 53.2
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,080[3][note 2] 242 €26,073[13]
Total 20,248,353[note 4] 1,730,696 $24,340 $36,738

Members and corresponding diasporas

See also

French flags of the Americas


  1. ^ "Ethnic Origin (232), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Responses (3) (2001 Census)". Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  2. ^ a b "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
  3. ^ a b c d INSEE. "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge – Année 2013" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  4. ^ a b c INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012". Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  5. ^ "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Haiti". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Institut de la statistique Quebéc".
  8. ^ a b "Institut de la statistique Quebéc". International Monetary Fund.
  9. ^ INSEE, Government of France. "Populations légales 2011 pour les départements et les collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  10. ^ INSEE. "Actualités : 2008, An 1 de la collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy" (in French). Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  11. ^ a b "Saint Lucia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  12. ^ "Demografia de Chile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2011.
  13. ^ "Evaluation du PIB 2004 de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon – janvier 2007" (PDF). p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.


  1. ^ The number of French speakers is unknown.
  2. ^ a b Figure without the territories of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy detached from Guadeloupe on 22 February 2007.
  3. ^ Only 1/3 of the population are francophone.
  4. ^ Total population of the territories. Actual number of francophones is lower.
  1. ^ Values listed in km².