Frederick William Borden

Charles Gavan Power George Perry Graham Harold Lothrop Borden

Sir Frederick William Borden

Frederick William Borden.jpg
Minister of Militia and Defence
In office
13 July 1896 – 6 October 1911
Prime MinisterSir Wilfrid Laurier
Preceded byDavid Tisdale
Succeeded bySam Hughes
Personal details
Born(1847-05-14)May 14, 1847
Cornwallis Township, Nova Scotia
DiedJanuary 6, 1917(1917-01-06) (aged 69)
Canning, Nova Scotia Canada
NationalityCanadian
Political partyLiberal
ChildrenHarold Lothrop Borden
Alma materUniversity of King's College
Harvard University
ProfessionPhysician

Sir Frederick William Borden, KCMG PC (May 14, 1847 – January 6, 1917) was a Canadian politician. While he was the Minister for Militia and Defence, he was the father of the most famous Canadian casualty of the Second Boer War Harold Lothrop Borden.[1] Historians credit him with creating and financing a modernised Canadian militia with a staff and medical, transport, and signals that proved important for allowing Canadian ground forces to deploy with their own support services as self-contained national contingents, albeit in an imperial framework. In this sense, he helped to create the foundations for the Canadian Expeditionary Force of 1914–1918.[2]

Career

Born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, the son of Dr. Jonathan Borden and Maria Frances Brown. Borden received a Bachelor of Arts degree from University of King's College in Windsor, Nova Scotia in 1866. He joined the militia as a cadet at King’s College and then as an assistant surgeon in the 68th (Kings) Battalion of Infantry in 1869. He earned a M.D. in 1868 from Harvard Medical School and practiced as a physician in Canning, Nova Scotia. Borden soon added business to his medical practice, acting as a bank agent, buying real estate, ships and helping found the successful Cornwallis Valley Railway from Canning to Kentville in 1887. He formed his own company the F. W. Borden Company in 1895, later known as the Nova Scotia Produce and Supply Company, to oversee his various business ventures in agriculture, lumber, shipping and investment.

While Sir Frederick Borden was the Minister of Defence, his only son Harold died at war

He entered politics in 1874 with election as a Liberal member from Kings County, Nova Scotia; aside from an interruption 1882–1887, he represented this constituency until 1911.

Minister of militia and defence

As Minister of militia and defence from 1896–1911, Borden implemented a series of reforms that gave the militia the ability to act as a formed army with its own supply and medical services. He also increased the rate at which Canadian officers attended British and Indian staff colleges at Camberley and Quetta and used these staff-trained graduates to help create professionally-trained staffs at the Royal Military College of Canada, and regional divisional headquarters.

He increased pay and retirement benefits, equipped the militia with modern weapons, established rules regulating tenure of command, and decentralized command and administration. Miller (2010) presents evidence that Borden saved himself from financial ruin by stationing three battalions of soldiers to Halifax in 1900 in order to make a profit for his faltering supply company.

Honours

CFB Borden was named in his honour when the air base was founded in 1916. He is the cousin of the eighth Prime Minister of Canada, Robert Borden.

Following the succession of King Edward VII and the end of the Second Boer War by the Peace of Vereeniging in late May 1902, Borden was created a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26 June 1902.[3][4] He attended the fleet review held at Spithead on 16 August 1902 to mark the coronation, and received the order in an investiture on board the royal yacht Victoria and Albert the previous day.[5] He was appointed a Knight of Grace of the Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem in England (K.St.J.) on 13 August 1902,[6] and granted the honorary rank of Surgeon-General in the British Army in the 1911 Coronation Honours.[7]

Borden died in Canning in 1917, and is buried in nearby Hillaton Cemetery,[8] His two principal houses survive, the former Stadacona House (now the High Commission of Brunei, Ottawa), and Borden Place, in Canning, which is a National Historic Site.[9][10]

References

  1. ^ Canadian Biography Online - Herold Borden
  2. ^ Carmen Miller, A Knight in Politics: A Biography of Sir Frederick Borden (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2010)
  3. ^ "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5.
  4. ^ "No. 27448". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 June 1902. p. 4196.
  5. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36848). London. 16 August 1902. p. 8.
  6. ^ "No. 27465". The London Gazette. 15 August 1902. p. 5327.
  7. ^ "No. 28505". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 June 1911. p. 4597.
  8. ^ GPS location: 45°08'48"N 64°26'37"W
  9. ^ http://www.historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=7865
  10. ^ http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/borden_frederick_william_14E.html