Fort at Salisbury Point

American Civil War Salisbury, Massachusetts Brewster Islands Military Reservation
Fort at Salisbury Point
Salisbury Beach, Salisbury, Massachusetts
Fort at Salisbury Point is located in Massachusetts
Fort at Salisbury Point
Fort at Salisbury Point
Location in Massachusetts
Fort at Salisbury Point is located in the United States
Fort at Salisbury Point
Fort at Salisbury Point
Fort at Salisbury Point (the United States)
Coordinates42°49′8.58″N 70°49′12.49″W / 42.8190500°N 70.8201361°W / 42.8190500; -70.8201361Coordinates: 42°49′8.58″N 70°49′12.49″W / 42.8190500°N 70.8201361°W / 42.8190500; -70.8201361
TypeCoastal defense
Site information
OwnerCommonwealth of Massachusetts
Conditionno remains, beach eroded
Site history
Built1863
Built byMajor Charles E. Blunt, US Army
In use1863–1865
Materialsearthworks
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War
Garrison information
Garrison20th Unattached Company of Massachusetts militia

The Fort at Salisbury Point was a fort in use from 1863 to 1865 in Salisbury, Massachusetts, during the American Civil War. It was also called the Fort at Salisbury Beach.[1] It was a nine-gun earthwork located at the mouth of the Merrimack River at what is now the Salisbury Beach State Reservation, where eventual erosion washed it away.[2] A 1903 reference states it was on the site of the Revolutionary War Fort Nichols, but that site is in doubt, and may have been at the location called Salisbury Point in Amesbury, several miles up the river.[3][4] The Fort at Salisbury Point was sometimes referred to by local civilians as Fort Nichols in the Civil War era.[1] The fort was designed and built under the supervision of Major Charles E. Blunt of the United States Army Corps of Engineers.[5] An armament report dated June 30, 1866 lists nine heavy guns and one 12-pounder field gun. The heavy guns were three 8-inch smoothbore Rodman guns, three 42-pounder rifled guns, and three 32-pounder rifled guns.[1] From November 1864 to June 1865 it was garrisoned by the 20th Unattached Company of Massachusetts militia.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Manuel 2020, pp. 73–74
  2. ^ "Massachusetts". American Forts Network. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  3. ^ Heitman, Francis B. (1903). Historical Register And Dictionary Of The United States Army: 1789-1903, vol. 2. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. pp. 528, 541.
  4. ^ Topographic map of Amesbury, MA at topozone.com
  5. ^ Manuel 2019, p. 49
  6. ^ Unattached Companies Massachusetts Vol Militia at CivilWarArchive.com, from Dyer's Compendium