Foreign relations of Barbados

Barbados Trinidad and Tobago Barbados and CARICOM

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Barbados

This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Barbados.

At the political level, these matters are officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which answers to the Prime Minister. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, since May 2018 is: Senator The Hon. Jerome X. Walcott.

Barbados is a moderate political and economic power in the Caribbean region.

Between independence in 1966 and the 1990s, Barbados has used a pro business and investment policy to expand its influence in the world. Through the usage of its network of international bilateral relations, the country has been able to maintain an independent foreign policy. Barbados' recent policy has been to focus and strengthen ties with nations that country feels will enhance its diplomacy or foreign trade. Barbados has sought to engage in multilateral diplomacy through the United Nations, the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), the group of ACP countries, the Organization of American States, and several other agencies which it is engaged. In 2008 Barbados and the other members of CARICOM signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union and its European Commission.[1] The deal covers CARICOM's membership in the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM). CARIFORUM in turn is a part of the Group of African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) States. The agreement outlines Barbados' future development and trade ties with the European Union, and serves as a blueprint for future relations between both trading blocs under the Cotonou Agreement and the Lomé Convention.[2]

At times Barbados has found itself as a countervailing force to U.S. political and economic influence in the English-speaking Caribbean.

As a small nation, the primary thrust of Barbados' diplomatic activity has been within international organisations. Currently Barbados has established official diplomatic relations with 105 countries around the globe.

History

Maxine McClean is the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Barbados

In 1965, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Guyana, and Trinidad and Tobago established the Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA). Following independence from the United Kingdom in 1966, Barbados went on to become a founding member of many other international organizations.

On 4 July 1973, the founding nations of Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Jamaica signed the original Treaty of Chaguaramas in Trinidad thus establishing the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM). The agreement to establish CARICOM wound up succeeded the CARIFTA organisation. By the following year many of the remaining English-speaking Caribbean states followed suit and also joined CARICOM by May 1974, bring it slowly to the 15 members it has today.

Barbados also is a member of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), established in 1970, with headquarters in Wildey, Saint Michael (Bridgetown). The eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System (RSS), which associates Barbados with six nations of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is also based in Barbados. In July 1994, Barbados joined the newly established Association of Caribbean States (ACS).

In 2002 the United Nations opened a building in the Marine Gardens area of Hastings found in the Parish of Christ Church the facility simply called the United Nations House acts as a regional operations headquarters for several programmes of the United Nations in Barbados and for many of the other islands in the Eastern Caribbean region.[3]

International

Barbados has relations with 105 countries around the world, though principal relations are with the following countries.[4]

Principal relations by region. Americas: Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama, Uruguay, Venezuela

Eurasia: Austria, Australia, China, France, Germany, India, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, South Korea, The United Kingdom

Middle East: Israel, Iran and Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates

Countries with diplomatic relations

Diplomatic relations of Barbados

List of countries by date of diplomatic relations with Barbados:[5]

  1.  Canada – 1966 – 30 November – Americas
  2.  Guyana – 1966 – 30 November – Americas
  3.  India – 1966 – 30 November – Asia
  4.  Jamaica – 1966 – 30 November – Americas
  5.  Trinidad & Tobago – 1966 – 30 November – Americas
  6.  United Kingdom of Great Britain And Northern Ireland – 1966 – 30 November – Europe
  7.  United States – 1966 – 30 November – Americas
  8.  Germany – 1967 – 14 March – Europe
  9.  Israel – 1967 – 29 August – Asia
  10.  Japan – 1967 – 29 August – Asia
  11.  Chile – 1967 – 3 October – Americas
  12.  Austria – 1967 – 27 November – Europe
  13.  Uruguay – 1967 – 6 December – Americas
  14.  Peru – 1968 – 29 February – Americas
  15.  France – 1968 – 3 May – Europe
  16.  Argentina – 1968 – 16 August – Americas
  17.  Venezuela – 1969 – 21 November – Americas
  18.  Netherlands – 1969 – 12 December – Europe
  19.  Belgium – 1970 – 30 October – Europe
  20.  Zambia – 1971 – 1 March – Africa
  21.  Tanzania – 1971 – 8 March – Africa
  22.  Brazil – 1971 – 26 November – Americas
  23.  Colombia – 1972 – 28 January – Americas
  24.  Cyprus – 1972 – 27 February – Europe
  25.  Costa Rica – 1972 – 6 March – Americas
  26.  Haiti – 1972 – 5 August – Americas
  27.  Dominican Republic – 1972 – 8 August – Americas
  28.  Mexico – 1972 – 11 September – Americas
  29.  Turkey – 1972 – 20 September – Europe
  30.  Cuba – 1972 – 8-12 December – Americas[6]
  31.  The Bahamas, Commonwealth of – 1973 – 10 July – Americas
  32.  Australia – 1974 – 7 January – Pacific
  33.  Bangladesh – 1974 – 20 February – Asia
  34.  Grenada – 1974 – 3 March – Americas
  35.  Nigeria – 1974 – 24 April – Africa
  36.  New Zealand – 1974 – 28 August – Pacific
  37.  Mauritius – 1974 – 14 December – Africa
  38.  Panama – 1975 – 28 August – Americas
  39.  Nicaragua – 1975 – 8 November – Americas
  40.  Senegal – 1976 – 18 March – Africa
  41.  Sweden – 1976 – 19 March – Europe
  42.  Norway – 1976 – 23 March – Europe
  43.  Luxembourg – 1977 – 5 May – Europe
  44.  China – 1977 – 30 May – Asia
  45.  Italy – 1977 – 23 August – Europe
  46.  Romania – 1977 – 11 September – Europe
  47.  Finland – 1977 – 1 December – Europe
  48.  Korea – 1977 – 15 November – Asia
  49.  North Korea – 1977 – 5 December – Asia
  50.  Iran – 1978 – 1 March – Asia
  51.  Hungary – 1978 – 8 March – Europe
  52.  Suriname – 1978 – 8 March – Americas
  53.  Ecuador – 1978 – 23 June – Americas
  54.  Dominica, Commonwealth of – 1978 – 3 November – Americas
  55.  St. Lucia – 1979 – 22 February – Americas
  56.  Iceland – 1979 – 9 April – Europe
  57.   Holy See, Vatican – 1979 – 17 April – Europe
  58.  Algeria – 1979 – 18 April – Africa
  59.  Niger – 1979 – 25 June – Africa
  60.  Denmark – 1979 – 20 August – Europe
  61.  St. Vincent & the Grenadines – 1979 – 27 October – Americas
  62.  Lesotho – 1979 – 25 November – Africa
  63.   Switzerland – 1980 – 4 March – Europe
  64.  Spain – 1980 – 9 September – Europe
  65.  Belize – 1981 – 21 September – Americas
  66.  Antigua & Barbuda – 1981 – 1 November – Americas
  67.  Iraq – 1981 – 17 December – Americas
  68.  Albania – 1983 – 19 May – Europe
  69.  St. Kitts and Nevis – 1983 – 19 September – Americas
  70.  Bolivia – 1984 – 2 February – Americas
  71.  Greece – 1987 – 23 March – Europe
  72.  Thailand – 1988 – 22 November – Asia
  73.  Portugal – 1989 – 23 February – Europe
  74.  Guatemala – 1992 – 27 January – Americas
  75.  Bulgaria – 1992 – 12 March – Europe
  76.  Namibia – 1992 – 6 April – Africa
  77.  Malaysia – 1992 – 10 April – Asia
  78.  Honduras – 1992 – 7 December – Americas
  79.  Russia – 1993 – 29 January – Europe
  80.  Marshall Islands – 1993 – 23 March – Pacific
  81.  Ukraine – 1993 – 13 April – Europe
  82.  Paraguay – 1993 – 27 May – Americas
  83.  South Africa – 1994 – 4 January – Africa
  84.  Slovakia – 1994 – 14 April – Europe
  85.  El Salvador – 1994 – 18 May – Americas
  86.  Ghana – 1994 – August – Africa
  87.  Kuwait – 1995 – 22 August – Asia
  88.  Vietnam – 1995 – 25 August – Asia
  89.  UAE – 1996 – 8 January – Asia
  90.  Czech Republic – 1996 – 6 March – Europe
  91.  Poland – 1996 – 13 December – Europe
  92.  Singapore – 1996 – 19 December – Asia
  93.  Croatia – 1997 – 11 July – Europe
  94.  Ireland – 2001 – 3 May – Europe
  95.  Malta – 2005 – 21 October – Europe
  96.  Egypt – 2006 – 3 November – Africa
  97.  Botswana – 2006 – 20 December – Africa
  98.  Qatar – 2007 – 4 December – Asia
  99.  Saudi Arabia – 2007 – 17 December – Asia
  100.  Slovenia – 2007 – 18 December – Europe
  101.  Bahrain – 2008 – 12 March – Asia
  102.  Estonia – 2008 – 15 May – Europe
  103.  Latvia – 2008 – 15 May – Europe
  104.  Lithuania – 2009 – 15 May – Europe
  105.  Philippines – 2009 – 22 June – Asia
  106.  Morocco – 2013 – 18 April – Africa
  107.  Kosovo – 2018 – 9 March – Europe[7]

Bilateral Relations

Africa

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Algeria 1979-Apr-18
  • Algeria is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Washington, D.C.
 Botswana 2006-Dec-20
 Egypt 2006-Nov-03
 Ghana 1994-Aug
  • Ghana is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Havana, Cuba.
 Lesotho 1979-Nov-25
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 25 November 1979.[8]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Mauritius 1974-Dec-14
  • Mauritius is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Washington, D.C.
 Morocco 2013-Apr-13
  • Morocco is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in St. Lucia.
 Namibia 1992-Apr-06
  • Namibia is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in New York City.
 Niger 1979-Jun-25
 Nigeria 1970-Apr-24 See Barbados–Nigeria relations
  • Nigeria is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Port of Spain, (Trinidad and Tobago).
  • Currently the Barbadian Government does not have foreign accreditation for Nigeria. However the Nigerian Government has said that it was highly desirous of Barbados establishing an embassy directly to Nigeria.[9] Barbados and Nigeria formally established diplomatic relations on 24 April 1970.[10]
  • Nigeria has pushed for more investment from Barbadian companies and investors and the pursuance of direct flights between both nations.[11][12]
 Senegal 1976-Mar-18
 South Africa 1994-Jan-04
  • Barbados is accredited to South Africa from its High Commission in London.
  • South Africa is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Port of Spain, (Trinidad and Tobago).
 Tanzania 1971-Mar-08
  • Tanzania is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in New York City.
 Zambia 1971-Mar-01
  • Zambia is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Ottawa.

Americas

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Antigua and Barbuda 1981-Nov-01

The establishment of diplomatic relations between Barbados and Antigua and Barbuda started on 1 November 1981.

  • Antigua and Barbuda has a non-resident High Commissioner from St. Johns, Antigua.
  • Barbados has a non-resident High Commissioner from Bridgetown, Barbados.
 Argentina 1968-Aug-16
 Bahamas 1973-Jul-10
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 July 1973.[14]
  • Both countries are full members of the Association of Caribbean States and the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • The Commonwealth of Bahamas is accredited to Barbados through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Nassau,[15] and an Honorary Consulate at St. James in Barbados.[16]
  • Barbados is accredited to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Bridgetown,[17] and an Honorary Consulate in New Providence.[18]
 Belize 1981-Sep-21
 Bolivia 1984-Feb-02
 Brazil 1971-Nov-26 See Barbados–Brazil relations
 Canada 1966-Nov-30 See Barbados–Canada relations

In 1907, the Government of Canada opened a Trade Commissioner Service to the Caribbean region located in Bridgetown, Barbados.

 Chile 1967-Oct-03

Barbados is accredited in Chile through its embassy in Caracas, (Venezuela). Chile is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Port of Spain, (Trinidad and Tobago) and maintains an honorary consulate in Bridgetown. Barbados and Chile formally established diplomatic relations on 3 October 1967.[19] Chile was the first Latin American country which Barbados formally established formal diplomatic relations.[20][21]

 Colombia 1972-Jan-28
 Costa Rica 1972-Mar-06
 Cuba 1972-Dec-12

Barbados was one of the first nations in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) bloc to form relations with the Republic of Cuba in 1972. In recent years Cuba has offered scholarships to students in Barbados to attend its medical schools such as Escuela Latin Americana de Medicina.

 Dominica 1978-Nov-03

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 November 1978.[8]

 Dominican Republic 1972-Aug-08 * The Dominican Republic is represented in Barbados, through its embassy in Caracas, Venezuela.
 El Salvador 1994-May-28
 Grenada 1974-Mar-03
 Guyana 1966-Nov-30 See Barbados–Guyana relations

The relations between Guyana and Barbados had its genesis to a time when both Guyana (then British Guiana) and Barbados were both British colonies. Shortly after Great Britain secured British Guiana from the Dutch, waves of migrants were encouraged to move and settle in Guyana. Barbados was one such location where large numbers of migrants came from. Through time Barbados and Guyana have both supported each other. With the move towards independence in the region Guyana was seen as the breadbasket of the wider Caribbean which led to yet more waves of Barbadians seeking to move to Guyana for better opportunities.

More recently the Guyanese Government has extended an offer to Barbadians.[22][23] The Guyanese government has offered to put in place an economically favourable regime towards any Barbadians that wish to relocate to Guyana and contribute towards that nation's goals in agricultural investment.[24] The announcement was made in the final days of the Owen Arthur administration by MP member Mia Motley.

In the early 1990s the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Patrick Manning pitched an initiative for Barbados, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago to enter into some form of political union or political association. This initiative was short lived and didn't proceed following the Democratic Labour Party's defeat during the 1994 elections.

 Haiti 1972-Aug-05 In the early 1990s as a member of CARICOM, Barbados had supported efforts by the United States to implement UN Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. The country agreed to contribute personnel to the multinational force, which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.
 Honduras 1992-Dec-07
 Jamaica 1966-Nov-30
 Mexico 1972-Sep-11 See Barbados–Mexico relations
  • Barbados is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.
  • Mexico is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago and maintains an honorary consulate in Bridgetown.
 Nicaragua 1975-Nov-08
 Panama 1975-Aug-28
 Paraguay 1993-May-27
 Peru 1968-Feb-29
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983-Sep-19
 Saint Lucia 1979-Feb-22
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979-Oct-27
 Suriname 1978-Mar-08 See Barbados–Suriname relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 March 1978. Barbados is accredited to Suriname from Bridgetown. Suriname is represented in Barbados through its embassy in Port of Spain, (Trinidad and Tobago).

 Trinidad and Tobago 1966-Nov-30 See Barbados–Trinidad and Tobago relations

On 11 April 2006, the 5-Member UNCLOS Annex VII Arbitral Tribunal, presided over by H.E. Judge Stephen M. Schwebel, rendered after two years of international judicial proceedings, the landmark Barbados/Trinidad and Tobago Award, which resolved the maritime boundary delimitation (in the East, Central and West sectors) to satisfaction of both Parties and committed Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago to resolve their fisheries dispute by means of concluding a new Fisheries Agreement.

 Uruguay 1967-Dec-06
 United States 1966-Nov-30 See Barbados–United States relations

In May 1997, Prime Minister Owen Arthur hosted United States President Bill Clinton and 14 other Caribbean leaders during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counternarcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

 Venezuela 1969-Nov-21

Asia

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Bahrain 2008-Mar-12
 China 1977-May-30 See also Barbados – People's Republic of China relations

Barbados and the China established official diplomatic relations 30 May 1977.[25] Barbados-Sino diplomatic and economic relations have grown steadily over three decades.

 India 1966-Nov-30 India and Barbados established diplomatic relations on 30 November 1966 (the date of Barbados' national independence).[26] On that date, the government of India gifted Barbados the throne in Barbados' national House of Assembly.[27] India is represented in Barbados through its embassy in Suriname[28][29][30] and an Indian consulate in Holetown, St. James.[31] Today around 3,000 persons from India call Barbados home. Two-thirds are from the India's Surat district of Gujarat known as Suratis. Most of the Suratis are involved in trading. The rest are mainly Sindhis.
 Iran 1978-Mar-01
 Iraq 1981-Dec-17
 Israel 1967-Aug-29
  • Barbados is represented in Israel through its High Commission in London, United Kingdom and a consulate in Tel Aviv
  • Barbados is one of the few Caribbean nations that strongly support Israel over Palestine
 Japan 1967-Aug-29 See Barbados–Japan relations

Japan is accredited to Barbados from its embassy in Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago) and an honorary consulate in Bridgetown. Barbados is represented in Japan through a non-resident ambassador in Bridgetown.

 Kuwait 1995-Aug-22
 Qatar 2007-Dec-04
 United Arab Emirates 1996-Jan-08
 Saudi Arabia 2007-Dec-17
 Singapore 1996-Dec-19 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 December 1996.[32][8]
 South Korea 1977-Nov-15

Barbados and the Republic of Korea were established diplomatic relations in 15 November 1977.[33]

  • Barbados has an embassy in Seoul.
  • South Korea has an embassy in Bridgetown.

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Czech Republic 1996-Mar-06
 Denmark 1979-Aug-20 * Denmark is represented in Barbados, through its embassy in Mexico.[34]

Kingston, Jamaica]].

 France 1968-May-03 See Barbados–France relations

Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 3 May 1968. Barbados is represented in France through its embassy in Brussels (Belgium). France is represented in Barbados through its embassy in Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago) and an honorary consulate in Bridgetown.

 Germany 1967-Mar-14 See Barbados–Germany relations

Barbados is represented in Germany through its embassy in Brussels, (Belgium) and Germany is represented in to Barbados from its embassy in Port of Spain, (Trinidad and Tobago). Barbados and Germany formally established diplomatic relations on 14 March 1967.

 Iceland 1979-Apr-9

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 April 1979.[8]

 Ireland 2001-May-03
 Russia 1993-Jan-29

The Russian Federation and Barbados established formal diplomatic relations on 29 January 1993.[38][39] In 2018 both nations celebrated 25 years of diplomatic ties and pledged closer collaboration.[40][41][42] The two nations also discussed cultural exchanges and Russia working with Barbados' light oil and gas industry.[43][44] And possible scholarships to Russian schools.[45]

 United Kingdom 1966-Nov-30 See Barbados – United Kingdom relations

The two countries are related through common history, the Commonwealth of Nations and their sharing of the same Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II as their Monarch. The British High Commission was established in Bridgetown, Barbados in 1967. There is a Barbadian High Commission in London.

Oceania

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 1974-Jan-07 See Australia–Barbados relations

The Australian High Commissioner to Barbados is accredited from Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is represented in Australia through its High Commission in Ottawa, Ontario, (Canada). Barbados maintains an honorary consul in Australia. Barbados and Australia established diplomatic relations on 7 January 1974. Both Barbados and Australia are current members of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, and comprised as former parts of the British Empire.

 Marshall Islands 1993-Mar-23 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 March 1993[47]
 New Zealand 1974-Aug-28
  • In 2014[48] New Zealand opened a High Commission in Bridgetown which it now shares with the United Kingdom.[49]
  • Barbados is represented in New Zealand through its High Commission in Ottawa, (Canada)[50][51]

Bilateral agreements

Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments treaties

Barbados has a number of Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) with a growing list of nations. Some of which include:[52]

Double Taxation Agreements

Barbados has a number of Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs) with a growing list of nations. Some of which include:[54]


Multilateral relations

Barbados and the Commonwealth of Nations

Barbados has been a member state of the Commonwealth since 1966, when it became an independent Commonwealth realm and the 27th member state of the Commonwealth.

Barbadians have held various roles within the Commonwealth of Nations such as elections observers, or even more prominently. The country's former Governor-General, Dame Nita Barrow who served on the original Eminent Persons Group of 1985-1986 researched ways to bring about an end of apartheid in South Africa.[58]

Various Commonwealth meetings hosted by Barbados:

Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Barbados is viceregally represented by the Governor-General of Barbados.

United Nations

On 7 December 1966 the Security Council of the United nations met to debate the membership of Barbados to the General Assembly of the United Nations. During the 1487th plenary meeting of 9 December 1966[59] it was decided that Barbados would be granted membership. Thusly Barbados became the 122nd full member of the United Nations General Assembly on 12 December 1966.[60]

The late Prime Minister Errol Walton Barrow gave a speech during the first General Assembly attended by Barbados: Telling the assembly that his country will be an exponent, "not of the diplomacy of power, but of the diplomacy of peace and prosperity. We have no quarrels to pursue and we particularly insist that we do not regard any member state as our natural opponent," he said. "We will be friends of all, satellites of none."

International Criminal Court

Barbados is also a member of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98)

Diplomatic missions

Barbados has diplomatic missions headed by resident ambassadors or high commissioners in Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and Venezuela, and at the European Union (Brussels) and the UN. It also has resident consuls general in Toronto, Miami, and New York City. Australia, Brazil, Cuba, Canada, Colombia, People's Republic of China, Guatemala, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Venezuela have ambassadors or high commissioners resident in Barbados.

Non-Diplomatic Relations

While Barbados has full diplomatic relations with China, it maintains economic and cultural relations with Taiwan via Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Canada.

Participation in international organisations

ACPACCPACSAOSISBISCCAF-BDLA(Associate)Carib-ExportCARICOMCARIFORUMCARTACCCJCDBCDERACITELCTOCXCCFATFCRNMCROSQCSMEECLACFAOG33G77IADBIDBIAEAIBRDICAOICCtICFTUICJICRMIDAIFADIFCIFRCSILOIMFIMOIntelsatInterpolIOCIOMIMPACSISOITULAESMACHCMIGANAMOASOPANALOPCWPAHORevised Treaty of ChaguaramasRSSSIDSUNUNCTADUNESCOUNHCRUNIDOUPUWCOWFTUWHOWIPOWMOWTO

International Fora with Barbados offices

Issues

Disputes - international:

Illicit drugs:

Partially recognized states

Until 2013, Barbados has recognized the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, when it cancelled relations. In 2018, it recognized Kosovo.

See also

References

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  2. ^ Barbados May Reap Rewards of Treaty Network, Worldwide Tax Dail, 30 April 2009
  3. ^ SECRETARY-GENERAL HIGHLIGHTS REGIONAL CHALLENGES, POTENTIAL FOR COOPERATION IN REMARKS AT INAUGURATION OF BARBADOS UNITED NATIONS HOUSE - 3 January 2002
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "LIST OF COUNTRIES WITH WHICH BARBADOS HAS DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS BY REGIONS". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  6. ^ Remarks by Senator the Honorable Maxine McClean On the Occasion of 45 Years of Diplomatic Relations between Cuba and Barbados
  7. ^ Barbados And Republic Of Kosovo Signs Joint Communique
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  9. ^ "Closer ties with Nigeria". The Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2009.
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  15. ^ Accridation to Barbados, Barbados Min. F. A.
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  17. ^ DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS ACCREDITED TO BARBADOS
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  19. ^ LIST OF COUNTRIES WITH WHICH BARBADOS HAS DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS - As of August 2006
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  41. ^ Russia ready to develop cooperation with Barbados
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  44. ^ Russia, Barbados Talk Cultural Ties
  45. ^ Scholarship Opportunity In Russia
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  55. ^ Barbados signs a double taxation agreement with Mexico as Trinidad & Jamaica vie to wear offshore crown, Broad Street Journal
  56. ^ Google Cache:Barbados Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archived 30 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  57. ^ :Ministry of Economic Affairs & Development -- Bi-lateral Investment Treaties and Double Taxation Agreements
  58. ^ History, Eminent Persons Group - Commonwealth of Nations
  59. ^ 2175 (XX). Admission of Barbados to membership in the United Nations,
  60. ^ 2175 (XXI) ADMISSION OF BARBADOS TO MEMBERSHIP IN THE UNITED NATIONS, RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY DURING ITS TWENTY-FIRST SESSION
  61. ^ UN Continental Shelf and UNCLOS Article 76: Barbadian Submission
  62. ^ "INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY CONSULTANTS". Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  63. ^ Barbados and France Discuss Delimitation of their Maritime Boundaries - 7 June 2006
  64. ^ null, null (19 February 2004). "Trinidad-Barbados dispute over 1990 Maritime Treaty". CaribbeanNetNews. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved 19 February 2004.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)