Foreign relations of Antigua and Barbuda
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda maintains diplomatic relations with the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the People's Republic of China, as well as with many Latin American countries and neighbouring Eastern Caribbean states. It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of American States, the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, Petrocaribe and the Eastern Caribbean's Regional Security System (RSS).
As a member of CARICOM, Antigua and Barbuda supported efforts by the United States to implement UN Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. The country agreed to contribute personnel to the multinational force which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.
In May 1997, Prime Minister Bird joined 14 other Caribbean leaders and President Clinton for the first-ever US-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional co-operation on justice and counter-narcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.
Disputes – international: none
Illicit drugs: considered a minor transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; more significant as a drug-money-laundering center.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Andorra||3 June 2011||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 June 2011.
|Armenia||14 May 1993||
The establishment of diplomatic relations between Armenia and Antigua and Barbuda started on 14 May 1993.
|Barbados||1 November 1981||
The establishment of diplomatic relations between Barbados and Antigua and Barbuda started on 1 November 1981.
|Belize||4 February 1983|
Both countries have established diplomatic relations.
|Cook Islands||7 November 2017||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 November 2017.
|Cyprus||21 July 2004|
|Georgia||7 April 2010||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 April 2010.
|Guyana||3 February 1982|
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2011.
Israel is represented in Antigua and Barbuda through its embassy in Dominican Republic.
|Kosovo||24 June 2019||Both countries established diplomatic relations on 24 June 2019. Kosovo and Antigua and Barbuda enjoy excellent relationships.|
|Latvia||19 March 1993||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 March 1993.
|Lithuania||23 September 2004||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 September 2004.
|Maldives||25 May 2002||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 25 May 2002.
|Malta||23 July 2004|
|Mexico||14 September 1984|
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2014.
|Montenegro||11 April 2011||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 April 2011.
|Philippines||16 July 2010||
Both nations established diplomatic relations on 16 July 2010.
|Romania||5 April 2018||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 April 2018.
|Singapore||12 December 2016||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 12 December 2016.
|South Korea||1 November 1981|
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1988.
Both countries have established diplomatic relations. Both countries are full members of Commonwealth of Nations.
Relations between Antigua and Barbuda and the United States have been friendly since Antigua and Barbuda's independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
The United States has supported the Government of Antigua and Barbuda's effort to expand its economic base and to improve its citizens' standard of living. However, concerns over the lack of adequate regulation of the financial services sector prompted the US Government to issue a financial advisory for Antigua and Barbuda in 1999. The advisory was lifted in 2001, but the US Government continues to monitor the Government of Antigua and Barbuda's regulation of financial services.
The United States also has been active in supporting post-hurricane disaster assistance and rehabilitation through the US Agency for International Development's (USAID) Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance and the Peace Corps. US assistance is primarily channelled through multilateral agencies such as the World Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), as well as through the USAID office in Bridgetown, Barbados.
Antigua and Barbuda is strategically situated in the Leeward Islands near maritime transport lanes of major importance to the United States. Antigua has long hosted a US military presence. A former US Navy support facility, turned over to the Government of Antigua and Barbuda in 1995, is now being developed as a regional coast guard training facility.
Antigua and Barbuda's location close to the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico makes it an attractive transshipment point for narcotics traffickers. To address these problems, the United States and Antigua and Barbuda have signed a series of counter-narcotic and counter-crime treaties and agreements, including a maritime law enforcement agreement (1995), subsequently amended to include overflight and order-to-land provisions (1996); a bilateral extradition treaty (1996); and a mutual legal assistance treaty (1996). In addition, Antigua and Barbuda receives counter-narcotics assistance and benefits from US military exercise-related and humanitarian civic assistance construction projects.
In 2005, Antigua and Barbuda had 239,804 stay-over visitors, with nearly 28% of Antigua and Barbuda's visitors coming from the United States. It is estimated that 4,500 Americans reside in the country.
In 2005 both countries disputed a World Trade Organization ruling over gambling law. In 2007 relations were strained when Antigua and Barbuda demanded sanctions worth $3.4bn imposed on the US for its failure to obey the WTO gambling ruling stating that "while we realise this is a significant step for Antigua and Barbuda to take, we feel we have no choice in the matter". Nevertheless, relations between the two countries are still strong.
Antigua and Barbuda enjoys close relations with Venezuela. As of June 2009 it became a formal member of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) international co-operation organisation and the Caribbean oil alliance Petrocaribe. In 2009 Antigua and Barbuda received US$50 million from Venezuela because of the country's membership of these initiatives.
"We have benefited from these relationships and so we will continue to forge these alliances, whether it is with Venezuela, Cuba or whoever else that we feel is in the interest of Antigua and Barbuda and the sub-region," said the Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda Baldwin Spencer.
|Vietnam||8 November 2013||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 November 2013.
- West Indies Associated States
- Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
- List of diplomatic missions in Antigua and Barbuda
- List of diplomatic missions of Antigua and Barbuda
- Caribbean Chancery in Washington, D.C.
- North American Union
- North American Free Trade Agreement
- Free Trade Area of the Americas
- Third Border Initiative
- Caribbean Community
- Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI)
- Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act
- Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative
- "Bilateral Affairs". Exteriors.ad.
- "Antigua and Barbuda". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
- "DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS – BELIZE" (PDF). Mfa.gov.bz. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Government of Canada, Global Affairs Canada. "Canada and Antigua and Barbuda". International.gc.ca.
- Government of Canada, Global Affairs Canada. "Canada and Antigua and Barbuda relations". International.gc.ca.
- "Antigua and Barbuda". Fmprc.gov.cn.
- "Antigua and Barbuda Establishes Diplomatic Relations with the Cook Islands – ABHCUK". Antigue-barbuda.com.
- "Joint Communiqué concerning the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Cyprus and Antigua and Barbuda" (PDF). Olc.gov.cy. New York. 22 July 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Antigua og Barbuda". Anitguabarbuda.um.dk.
- "Honorary Consulate of Finland, St. John's - Ministry for Foreign Affairs". Um.fi.
- "საქართველოს საგარეო საქმეთა სამინისტრო - ანტიგუა და ბარბუდა". Mfa.gov.ge. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Countries with which Guyana has Establishment Diplomatic Relations – Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Co-operative Republic of Guyana". Minfor.gov.gy.
- "MEA - List of Extradition Treaties/Arrangements". Mea.gov.in.
- "MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS ORDER" (PDF). Mea.gov.in. New Delhi. 3 August 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Annual Press Statement by H.E. Dr. R. M. Marty M. Natalegawa, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia" (PDF). Kemlu.go.id. Jakarta. 4 January 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Antigua & Barbuda - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfa.ie.
- "Antigua and Barbuda - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfa.ie.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Japan-Antigua and Barbuda Relations (Basic Data)". Mofa.go.jp.
- "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Antigua and Barbuda". 17 May 2010. Archived from the original on 17 May 2010.
- "Twitter". mobile.twitter.com. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
- Lobzova, Liene. "Establishment and renewal of diplomatic relations". Mfa.gov.lv.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 January 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Mexico's Relations with the Caribbean" (PDF). Sebado.gob.mx.
- "Inicio". Embamex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Mongolia ties diplomatic relations with nine more countries - The UB Post". Ubpost.mongolnews.mn.
- "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa". Mvp.gov.me.
- Trade, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and. "Caribbean". Mfat.govt.nz.
- "Romania and Antigua & Barbuda have agreed to establish diplomatic relations - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Mae.ro.
- "DIPLOMATIC & CONSULAR LIST : MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SINGAPORE" (PDF). App1.mfa.gov.sg. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Antigua and Barbuda". Dirco.gov.za.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Antigua and Barbuda and the UK". www.gov.uk.
- "Antigua hits back at US on gaming". News.bbc.co.uk. 21 June 2007.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "- VN establish diplomatic ties Antigua and Barbuda". Mofa.gov.vn.