Flag of Uruguay
|Name||The National Pavilion (Official), The Sun and Stripes (Nickname)|
|Use||National flag and ensign|
|Adopted||July 11, 1830|
|Design||Four horizontal stripes of blue with the upper hoist-side corner bearing the Sun of May in the center over a white canvas.|
|Designed by||Joaquín Suárez the first head of state of Uruguay in December 1828 and President of Uruguay 1843-1852.|
Variant flag of Uruguay
The national flag of Uruguay (Spanish: Pabellón Nacional) is one of the three official flags of Uruguay along with the flag of Artigas and the flag of the Treinta y Tres. It has a field of nine equal horizontal stripes alternating white and blue. The canton is white, charged with the Sun of May, from which 16 rays extend, alternating between triangular and wavy. The flag was first adopted by law on December 16, 1828, and had 19 stripes until July 11, 1830, when a new law reduced the number of stripes to nine. The flag was designed by Joaquín Suárez.
Symbolism and design
The horizontal stripes on the flag represent the nine original departments of Uruguay, based on the U.S. flag, where the stripes represent the original 13 colonies. The first flag designed in 1828 had 9 light blue stripes; this number was reduced to 4 in 1830 due to visibility problems from distance. The Sun of May represents the May Revolution of 1810; according to the historian Diego Abad de Santillán, the Sun of May is a figurative sun that represents Inti, the sun god of the Inca religion. It also appears in the Flag of Argentina and the Coat of Arms of Bolivia.
During Spanish rule:
Independence from Spain:
Flag of Cisplatina, under Brazilian occupation between 1821 and 1825:
During the Great Siege of Montevideo (1843–1851) Uruguay had two parallel governments, with two different flags:
- "Flag of Uruguay". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- Smith, Whitney. "Uruguay, flag of". Guide to Hispanic Heritage. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2007.