First Bone War
Bone had been an ally of the Dutch East India Company since the Treaty of Bungaya of 1667, but considered itself released from its obligations by the Dutch surrender to the British in 1811. In 1814 and again in 1816, Bone fought against the British. In 1816, the Dutch were restored to their former colonies per the outcome of the Congress of Vienna. When the Governor-General Godert van der Capellen visited South Sulawesi in 1824 to renew the Treaty of Bungaya, Bone was the only native state to refuse. When van der Capellen left, the queen of Bone attacked the Dutch positions, annihilating two garrisons.
In 1825, the Dutch and their allies from Gowa counter-attacked. The outbreak of the Java War later that year necessitated the withdrawal of most Dutch soldiers. Thus, the war ended without Bone having renewed the Treaty of Bungaya. The stalemate persisted until 1838, when Bone finally renewed the treaty.
- Thomas Gibson, "Ritual and Revolution: Contesting the State in Central Indonesia", Social Analysis 35 (1994): 61–83.
- M. C. Ricklefs, A History of Modern Indonesia: c.1300 to the Present (Macmillan, 1981), p. 129.
- Jennifer L. Gaynor, Intertidal History in Island Southeast Asia: Submerged Genealogy and the Legacy of Coastal Capture (Cornell University Press, 2016). p. 120.