Feodor II of Russia

Boris Godunov Ivan the Terrible Peter the Great
Infinite Construction - STEAM
Feodor II
Feodor II of Russia, 17th century.png
Tsar of Russia
Reign23 April 1605 – 10 June 1605 (N. S.)
PredecessorBoris Godunov
SuccessorFalse Dmitriy I
Died20 June 1605
(aged 16)
Moscow Kremlin
Burial1605; reburied 1606
Varsonofy monastery, Moscow; reburied 1606 in Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra (a separate Godunov Vault since 1783)
Full name
Feodor Borisovich Godunov
FatherBoris Godunov
MotherMaria Skuratova-Belskaya

Fyodor II Borisovich Godunov (Russian: Фёдор II Борисович) (1589 – 20 June 1605) was tsar of Russia during the spring of 1605, at the beginning of the Time of Troubles.


Fyodor II was born in Moscow, the son and successor to Boris Godunov. His mother Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya was one of the daughters of Malyuta Skuratov, the infamous favourite of Ivan the Terrible.[1]

Feodor Godunov's map of Russia, as published by Hessel Gerritsz
False Dmitry's Agents Murdering Feodor Godunov and his Mother, by Konstantin Makovsky (1862), Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow

Physically robust and passionately beloved by his father, he received the best education available at that time, and from childhood was initiated into all the minutiae of government, besides sitting regularly in the council and receiving the foreign envoys. He seems also to have been remarkably and precociously intelligent, creating a map of Russia, which is still preserved.[1][2] It was edited with some additions by Hessel Gerritsz in Amsterdam, in 1613, and had been reedited until 1665.

On the sudden death of Boris the sixteen-year-old was proclaimed tsar (13 April 1605). Though his father had taken the precaution to surround him with powerful friends, he lived from the first moment of his reign in an atmosphere of treachery. On 11 June (N. S.) 1605 the envoys of False Dmitriy I arrived at Moscow to demand his removal, and the letters that they read publicly in Red Square decided his fate.[1] A group of boyars, unwilling to swear allegiance to the new tsar, seized control of the Kremlin and arrested him.

On June 10th or 20th, Feodor was strangled in his apartment, together with his mother. Officially, he was declared to have been poisoned, but the Swedish diplomat Peter Petreius stated that the bodies, which had been on public display, showed traces of a violent struggle.[3] Although aged 16 at best, Feodor was known to be physically strong and agile, and it took four men to overpower him.[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Картографирование Сибири Archived 2006-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Peter Petreius de Erlesund: Historien und Bericht von dem Groszfürstentumb Muschkow, Leipzig, 1630
  4. ^ R. G. Skrynnikov: Boris Godunov, Moscow: Nauka, 1978/1983 and Gulf Breeze, Fla: Academic International Press, 1978/1982, ISBN 0-87569-046-7