An affiliated school or affiliated college is an educational institution that operates independently, but also has a formal collaborative agreement with another, usually larger institution that may have some level of control or influence over its academic policies, standards or programs.
While a university may have one or several affiliated colleges, it is not necessarily a collegiate university, which is a union or federation of semi-autonomous colleges. For the most part, this model is restricted to colleges and universities. On rarer occasions, however, elementary schools or high schools may also enter into affiliating agreements.
Examples of affiliated schools by area
In Canada several universities have federated or affiliated colleges, some of which predate the parent institution.
University of Alberta
St. Joseph's College is the Roman Catholic liberal arts college affiliated with the University of Alberta. The college provides offers courses open to students of both institutions, an on-campus chapel for the celebration of mass during the week, and a coeducational residence.
Laurentian University has four federated institutions, three of which are located on the main campus in Sudbury, which offer a variety of degrees in association with the university:
- Université de Hearst, the only exclusively French language university-level institution in Ontario and the only federated institution not located on the main Sudbury campus.
- Thorneloe University, affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada and offering courses in fine arts, theatre, classics, women's studies, religious studies and theology.
- University of Sudbury, a Catholic, bilingual institution offering courses in religious studies, philosophy, indigenous studies and folklore.
- Huntington University, focused on arts and humanities studies, affiliated with the United Church and offering courses communication studies, ethics, gerontology, philosophy, religious studies and theology.
University of Regina
The University of Regina has three federated colleges, which offer various degrees in conjunction with the university:
- Luther College, an Evangelical Lutheran liberal arts college;
- Campion College, a Jesuit Catholic liberal arts college;
- First Nations University of Canada, a college offering curriculum developed in partnership with First Nations communities and social support for First Nations students.
All three colleges are located on the University of Regina's main campus, and all students of the federated colleges are also registered as students of the university.
University of Saskatchewan
St. Thomas More College is the Roman Catholic liberal arts college federated with the University of Saskatchewan, and is located on the university's campus in Saskatoon. The administration and financial details of the college are autonomous, but the academics are closely interrelated with the university.
University of Toronto
University of Waterloo
The University of Waterloo has four affiliated institutions, collectively referred to as the "university colleges" or "church colleges": Conrad Grebel University College, a college owned by the Mennonite Church Eastern Canada that offers programs in peace and conflict studies, music, and Mennonite studies; Renison University College, a public college affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada that offers programs in social development studies, social work, East Asian studies, and languages; St. Jerome's University, a public Roman Catholic liberal arts university established in 1865; and St. Paul's University College, a public college formerly affiliated with the United Church of Canada that offers programs on social justice and environmental issues.
All students can take courses offered by the university and any of the colleges, degrees bear the university's name and seal, and admission to college residences is not restricted based on religious beliefs.
University of Windsor
The University of Windsor has three affiliated institutions: Assumption University, a Roman Catholic university offering graduate degree programs in religious subjects; Canterbury College, a public liberal arts college affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada; and Iona College, a public liberal arts college formerly affiliated with the United Church of Canada.
University of Western Ontario
The University of Western Ontario has three affiliate colleges: Huron University College, a public liberal arts college established in 1863 and affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada ; Brescia University College, a public Roman Catholic women's college established in 1919 by the Ursulines; and King's University College, a public Roman Catholic co-educational college established in 1954 that offers programs in liberal arts, business, social justice, and theology (through an affiliation with St. Peter's Seminary).
Historically, affiliated colleges have existed at some universities in the UK. These include:
University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge affiliated university colleges in the UK from the late 19th century. Students who had completed two years at these institutions were permitted to reduce the time spent getting an undergraduate degree at Cambridge by a year. The affiliated colleges in 1914 were:
- St David's College, Lampeter
- University College of Wales, Aberystwyth
- University College, Nottingham
- St Edmund's College, Old Hall, Ware
- Hartley University College, Southampton
- University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Cardiff
- Royal Albert Memorial University College, Exeter
Durham University has had various forms of affiliated college from the late 19th century, including "affiliated colleges" where students could study for Durham degrees (for which provision still exists in the statutes as of 2020, although without any institutions having this status) and "associated theological colleges" where students could study for the Durham License in Theology and could count the three years spent on that course against two years on the BA course at Durham. The affiliated colleges were:
- St Aidan's College, Birkenhead
- St Andrew's College, Oyo, Nigeria
- St Augustine's College, Canterbury
- The Bible Churchmen's Missionary College, Clifton
- Burgh Missionary College
- Chichester Theological College
- Cumbrae Theological College
- Dorchester Missionary College
- Edinburgh Theological College
- Gloucester Theological College
- Highbury College, London
- Church Missionary Society College, Islington
- Jamaica Theological College
- St John's (Armidale, NSW)
- Lichfield Theological College
- Lincoln Theological College
- Moore Theological College (Sydney)
- Queen's College (St John's, Newfoundland)
- Salisbury Theological College
- Selwyn College (Dunedin)
- Truro Theological College
- St Boniface Missionary College, Warminster
- Bishop Wilson Theological College, Isle of Man
- The Theological Department of King's College London
- The Theological Department of Queen's College, Birmingham
University of London
As first created in 1836, the University of London was an examining board for its affiliated colleges (initially only University College London and King's College London, often referred to as the 'founding colleges'), including a number of Catholic institutions and dissenting academies whose students could not take degrees at Oxford, Cambridge or Durham. This system continued until 1858, when University of London examinations were thrown open to all students with the establishment of the external degree system. The University of London later became a federal university in 1900. By 1858, the following institutions (as they are given in the 1858 charter) had been recognised as affiliated colleges:
- University College London
- King's College London
- Queen's College Belfast
- Queen's College Galway
- Queen's College Cork
- St Cuthbert's College, Ushaw
- Stonyhurst College
- Manchester New College
- St Mary's College, Oscott
- St Patrick's College, Carlow
- St Edmund's College, near Ware
- Spring Hill College, Moseley, near Birmingham
- The College, Regents Park (late Stepney College)
- College of St Gregory the Great, Downside, near Bath
- Countess of Huntingdon's College at Cheshunt
- The Baptist College at Bristol
- Airedale College, Undercliffe, near Bradford
- Protestant Dissenters' College at Rotherham
- Presbyterian College at Carmarthen
- St Kyran's College, Kilkenny
- Huddersfield College
- Lancashire Independent College
- Wesley College near Sheffield
- Queen's College, Birmingham
- Wesleyan Collegiate Institution, Taunton
- Western College, Plymouth
- West of England Dissenters' Proprietary School, Taunton
- St Patrick's College, Thurles
- New College, London
- Owen's College, Manchester
- Bedford Grammar Schools
- Brecon Independent College
- Horton College, Bradford, Yorkshire
- Hackney Theological Seminary
- Trevecca College, Brecon
- Springfield College, Ennis
- Bishop Stortford Collegiate School
- Working Men's College, London
- Queen's College, Liverpool
University of Oxford
The University of Oxford affiliated university colleges in the UK from the late 19th century. Students who had completed two years at these institutions were permitted to reduce the time spent getting an undergraduate degree at Oxford by a year. The affiliated colleges in 1906 were:
- St David's College, Lampeter
- University College, Nottingham
- Firth College, Sheffield
- Reading College, Reading
- Hartley University College, Southampton
In the United States, Columbia University is associated in various ways with several affiliated schools. Most notably, Barnard College is legally and financially separate from Columbia but its students have access to the instruction and facilities of Columbia. A similar arrangement exists with Teachers College, which since its affiliation with Columbia has served as the University's Faculty and Department of Education. Columbia has more limited cooperative arrangements and joint programs and degrees with two nearby independent institutions: Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary.
The Yale Divinity School, part of Yale University, is associated with two affiliated schools, Berkeley Divinity School and the Andover-Newton Seminary. Both Berkeley (from 1854 until 1971) and Andover-Newton (from 1807 to 2017) were once entirely independent seminaries and they still maintain their own Boards of Trustees and distinctive missions. Berkeley also still awards its own diplomas and certificates in Anglican ministry. But the students of both affiliated schools are also enrolled at, and receive degrees from, the Yale Divinity School and both their students and their faculty are fully integrated into the life of the larger institution.
University of California
The University of California, Hastings College of the Law is affiliated, as its name suggests, with the University of California, but it is not directly governed by the Regents of the University of California.
- "About Us". St. Joseph's College. University of Alberta. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Administration and Governance". St. Thomas More College. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- University of Saskatchewan. "U of S / Course Calendar / St. Thomas More College". Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
- "University Colleges". Faculty of Arts. University of Waterloo. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Affiliation Agreement" (PDF). University Secretariat. University of Western Ontario. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Laurier Library History". Laurier Library. Wilfrid Laurier University. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- The list of affiliated colleges recognized by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan can be found here.
- Ordinances of the University [of Cambridge] to the End of the Easter Term 1914. University of Cambridge. 1914. pp. 277–283.
- "Statutes of the University of Durham". Durham University. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
- The Yearbook of the University of the Empire. G. Bell And Sons, Ltd. 1933. pp. 65–66.
- University of Durham Calendar 1919–1920. Durham University. 1919. p. 91.
- University of London, the Historical Record. University of London. 1912. pp. 45–46.
- Handbook to the University of Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1906. pp. 235–237.