In Germany, the former West German capital Bonn has been designated with the unique title of federal city. Since 28 April 1994, it is the secondary official residence of the President of Germany, the Chancellor of Germany, the Bundesrat (upper house), the primary official residence of six federal ministries, and approximately 20 federal authorities. This is merely a title, since Bonn is, like many other German cities, an independent city, but part of a state.
Historically, Washington, D.C. has been called the "Federal City".
Some national capitals, like Bogotá, Brasília, Buenos Aires, Canberra, Caracas, Jakarta, Mexico City, Nur-Sultan, and Seoul, among others, have a federal status, not belonging to any state or province (or being a state or province of their own, as is the case of Berlin, Delhi, Moscow, Oslo, Sofia, and other cities). Sometimes this is called a federal district.
- "What is a federal city?". Study.com. Retrieved 11 June 2020.